318 research outputs found

    Estimation of body mass index and risk evaluation of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in undergraduate students

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    Background: The body mass index (BMI) is used in a wide variety of contexts as a simple method to assess how much an individual's body weight departs from what is normal or desirable for a person of his or her height. An increase in body fat is generally associated with increased risk of metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidaemia.Methods: The study conducted on the undergraduate medical students was a cross-sectional analytical study. The BMI was calculated using the formula, BMI = Body Mass (kg)/Height (m2). The blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), blood sugar levels (fasting blood sugar) and fasting lipid levels were measured for the overweight and obese groups.Results: A total of 305 students participated in the study. The mean BMI was 21.47 with a standard deviation of 3.42. 218 (71.47%), were in the healthy, 26 (8.52%) were in the overweight and 6 (1.96%) were in the obese categories. 16 (61.5%) of the overweight subjects were prehypertensives. 4 (66.7%) of the obese subjects were hypertensives. 2 (7.69%) out of the 26 overweight subjects were in prediabetic stage. 22 (84.61%) of the overweight and 5 (83.33%) of the obese subjects had dyslipidaemias.Conclusions: The prevalence of being overweight and obese among undergraduate medical students is a matter of serious concern. This reflects on the students’ poor dietary habits and inadequate physical activity. A serious approach to reduce body weight through dietary modifications and regular physical activity is the need of the hour.

    Semiconductor Nanocrystals

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    Vascular Innovation Science

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    Vascular Innovation science are a standout amongst the most approaching innovations which is very secure. In this paperi introduces a study of machine learning techniques utilized for Vascular innovation development applications, and distinguishes significant exploration issues. Basic mission assets and applications require instruments to recognize when honest to goodness clients attempt to abuse their benefits; unquestionably biometrics serves to give such administrations
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