13,768 research outputs found

### Status and potentialities of the JUNO experiment

One of the main open issues of neutrino physics is the determination of the
mass hierarchy, discriminating between the two possible ordering of the mass
eigenvalues, known as Normal and Inverted Hierarchies. The solution of this
puzzle would have a significant impact both on elementary particle physics and
astrophysics. A possible way to investigate the problem is the study, with
medium baseline reactor antineutrinos, of the mass dependent corrections to
inverse $\beta$ decays. This is the idea pursued by JUNO, a multipurpose
underground liquid scintillator experiment that will start data taking in very
few years from now. The main characteristics and the status of the experiment
are discussed here, together with its rich physics program. We focus in
particular on the potentiality for mass hierarchy determination, the main goal
of the experiment, on the oscillation parameters accurate measurements and on
the supernova and solar neutrinos and geoneutrino studies.Comment: Invited talk given, on behalf of the JUNO Collaboration, by Vito
Antonelli at the XVII International Workshop on Neutrino Telescopes (Venice,
13-17 March 2017

### Neutrino oscillations and Lorentz Invariance Violation in a Finslerian Geometrical model

Neutrino oscillations are one of the first evidences of physics beyond the
Standard Model (SM). Since Lorentz Invariance is a fundamental symmetry of the
SM, recently also neutrino physics has been explored to verify the eventual
modification of this symmetry and its potential magnitude. In this work we
study the consequences of the introduction of Lorentz Invariance Violation
(LIV) in the high energy neutrinos propagation and evaluate the impact of this
eventual violation on the oscillation predictions. An effective theory
explaining these physical effects is introduced via Modified Dispersion
Relations. This approach, originally introduced by Coleman and Glashow,
corresponds in our model to a modification of the special relativity geometry.
Moreover, the generalization of this perspective leads to the introduction of a
maximum attainable velocity which is specific of the particle. This can be
formalized in Finsler geometry, a more general theory of space-time. In the
present paper the impact of this kind of LIV on neutrino phenomenology is
studied, in particular by analyzing the corrections introduced in neutrino
oscillation probabilities for different values of neutrino energies and
baselines of experimental interest. The possibility of further improving the
present constraints on CPT-even LIV coefficients by means of our analysis is
also discussed.Comment: Accepted for publication with minor revisions, will appear on
European Physics Journal

### The Neutrino mass matrix after Kamland and SNO salt enhanced results

An updated analysis of all available neutrino oscillation evidence in Solar
experiments including the latest SNO ES,CC and NC data (254d live time, NaCL
enhanced efficiency) is presented. We obtain, for the fraction of active
oscillating neutrinos:
sin^2alpha=(\Phi_{NC}-\Phi_{CC})/(\Phi_{SSM}-\Phi_{CC})=0.94^{+0.0.065}_{-0.060}
nearly 20\sigma from the pure sterile oscillation case. The fraction of
oscillating sterile neutrinos cos^2\alpha \lsim 0.12 (1 sigma CL). At face
value, these results might slightly favour the existence of a small sterile
oscillating sector. In the framework of two active neutrino oscillations we
determine individual neutrino mixing parameters and their errors we obtain
Delta m^2= 7.01\pm 0.08 \times 10^{-5} eV^2, tan^2 theta=0.42^{+0.12}_{-0.07}.
The main difference with previous analysis is a better resolution in parameter
space. In particular the secondary region at larger mass differences (LMAII) is
now excluded at 95% CL. The combined analysis of solar and Kamland data
concludes that maximal mixing is not favoured at 4-5 sigma. This is not
supported by the antineutrino reactor results alone. We estimate the individual
elements of the two neutrino mass matrix, writing M^2=m^2 I+M_0^2, we obtain (1
sigma errors):
M_0^2=10^{-5} eV^2\pmatrix{
2.06^{+0.29}_{-0.31} & 3.15^{+0.29}_{-0.35} \cr
3.15^{+0.29}_{-0.35} & 4.60^{+0.56}_{-0.44} }

### Hamevol1.0: a C++ code for differential equations based on Runge-Kutta algorithm. An application to matter enhanced neutrino oscillation

We present a C++ implementation of a fifth order semi-implicit Runge-Kutta
algorithm for solving Ordinary Differential Equations. This algorithm can be
used for studying many different problems and in particular it can be applied
for computing the evolution of any system whose Hamiltonian is known. We
consider in particular the problem of calculating the neutrino oscillation
probabilities in presence of matter interactions. The time performance and the
accuracy of this implementation is competitive with respect to the other
analytical and numerical techniques used in literature. The algorithm design
and the salient features of the code are presented and discussed and some
explicit examples of code application are given.Comment: 18 pages, Late

### Solar Neutrinos

The study of solar neutrinos has given since ever a fundamental contribution
both to astroparticle and to elementary particle physics, offering an ideal
test of solar models and offering at the same time relevant indications on the
fundamental interactions among particles. After reviewing the striking results
of the last two decades, which were determinant to solve the long standing
solar neutrino puzzle and refine the Standard Solar Model, we focus our
attention on the more recent results in this field and on the experiments
presently running or planned for the near future. The main focus at the moment
is to improve the knowledge of the mass and mixing pattern and especially to
study in detail the lowest energy part of the spectrum, which represents most
of solar neutrino spectrum but is still a partially unexplored realm. We
discuss this research project and the way in which present and future
experiments could contribute to make the theoretical framemork more complete
and stable, understanding the origin of some "anomalies" that seem to emerge
from the data and contributing to answer some present questions, like the exact
mechanism of the vacuum to matter transition and the solution of the so called
solar metallicity problem.Comment: 51 pages, to be published in Special Issue on Neutrino Physics,
Advances in High Energy Physics Hindawi Publishing Corporation 201

### A New Basis for QED Bound State Computations

A simple method to compute QED bound state properties is presented, in which
binding energy effects are treated non-perturbatively. It is shown that to take
the effects of all ladder Coulomb photon exchanges into account, one can simply
perform the derivative of standard QED amplitudes with respect to the external
momentum. For example, the derivative of the light-by-light scattering
amplitude gives an amplitude for orthopositronium decay to three photons where
any number of Coulomb photon exchanges between the e-e+ is included.
Various applications are presented. From them, it is shown that binding
energy must be treated non-perturbatively in order to preserve the analyticity
of positronium decay amplitudes.
Interesting perspectives for quarkonium physics are briefly sketched.Comment: LaTeX, 23 pages, 16 figures. Minor corrections. Some comments adde

### Solar neutrino experiments and Borexino perspectives

We present an updated analysis of all the data available about solar
neutrinos, including the charged current SNO results. The best fit of the data
is obtained in the Large Mixing Angle region, but different solutions are still
possible. We also study the perspectives of Borexino and conclude that this
experiment, with a parallel analysis of total rate and day-night asymmmetry,
should be able to discriminate between the different possible solutions.Comment: 3 pages, Latex, talk given by V. Antonelli at TAUP 2001 Conferenc

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