2,548 research outputs found

    We can manage depression better with technology

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    Provides a summary of the evidence for internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy, and looks at the three RACGP Handbook of Non-Drug Intervention (HANDI) recommendations for non-drug treatments for depression and arranged for the developers to comment. Background Gotzsche, in Lancet Psychiatry, argued that antidepressants produce more harm than good and should be used sparingly. Karange et al showed that GP prescriptions of antidepressants in Australia are continuing to rise, especially in children. A rethink about the treatment of depression is indicated. Objective This paper provides a summary of the evidence for internet delivered cognitive behaviour therapy, and looks at the three RACGP Handbook of Non-Drug Intervention (HANDI) recommendations for non-drug treatments for depression and arranged for the developers to comment. Discussion The systems identified by HANDI are beneficial in major depression and are supported by evidence. They have not been shown to harm or to be beneficial in depression associated with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or substance dependence. Although little input is required from general practitioners who prescribe these courses, they may form part of a more comprehensive treatment plan. Australia is a world leader in automated internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy. Australian clinicians should take advantage and use these courses. &nbsp

    Models for CSP with availability information

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    We consider models of CSP based on recording what events are available as possible alternatives to the events that are actually performed. We present many different varieties of such models. For each, we give a compositional semantics, congruent to the operational semantics, and prove full abstraction and no-junk results. We compare the expressiveness of the different models.Comment: In Proceedings EXPRESS'10, arXiv:1011.601

    Computer-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy: effective and getting ready for dissemination

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    Computer-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CCBT) is emerging as a promising strategy for improving access to mental health services. Randomized controlled trials have confirmed the efficacy of guided CCBT in treating depression, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social phobia, and other common mental disorders. With proper guidance, effect sizes are comparable to those obtained in face-to-face cognitive behavioural therapy, treatment is cost-effective, and preliminary data indicate that CCBT is acceptable to patients. Trials are beginning to evaluate optimal strategies for integrating CCBT within existing systems of mental health care

    З історії запровадження метричних книг на українських землях

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    In article features of introduction of metric books on the Ukrainian earths in XVII-XVIII cent are considered and analyzed

    Characteristics of Adults with Anxiety or Depression Treated at an Internet Clinic: Comparison with a National Survey and an Outpatient Clinic

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    Background There is concern that people seeking treatment over the Internet for anxiety or depressive disorders may not resemble the general population or have less severe disorders than patients attending outpatient clinics or cases identified in community surveys. Thus the response to treatment in Internet based trials might not generalize. Methodology We reviewed the characteristics of applicants to an Australian Internet-based treatment clinic for anxiety and depression, and compared this sample with people from a national epidemiological survey and a sample of patients at a specialist outpatient anxiety and depression clinic. Participants included 774 volunteers to an Internet clinic, 454 patients at a specialist anxiety disorders outpatient clinic, and 627 cases identified in a national epidemiological survey. Main measures included demographic characteristics, and severity of symptoms as measured by the Kessler 10-Item scale (K-10), the 12-item World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule second edition (WHODAS-II), the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ), the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ), the Automatic Cognitions Questionnaire (ACQ), the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and the Social Phobia Scale (SPS). Principal Findings The severity of symptoms of participants attending the two clinics was similar, and both clinic samples were more severe than cases in the epidemiological survey. The Internet clinic and national samples were older and comprised more females than those attending the outpatient clinic. The Internet clinic sample were more likely to be married than the other samples. The Internet clinic and outpatient clinic samples had higher levels of educational qualifications than the national sample, but employment status was similar across groups. Conclusions The Internet clinic sample have disorders as severe as those attending an outpatient clinic, but with demographic characteristics more consistent with the national sample. These data indicate that the benefits of Internet treatment could apply to the wider population.5 page(s

    IVIVC for Extended Release Hydrophilic Matrix Tablets in Consideration of Biorelevant Mechanical Stress

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    Purpose When establishing IVIVC, a special problem arises by interpretation of averagedin vivoprofiles insight of considerable individual variations in term of time and number of mechanical stress events in GI-tract. The objective of the study was to investigate and forecast the effect of mechanical stress onin vivobehavior in human of hydrophilic matrix tablets. Methods Dissolution profiles for the marketed products were obtained at different conditions (stirring speed, single- or repeatable mechanical stress applied) and convoluted into C-t profiles. Vice versa, publishedin vivoC-t profiles of the products were deconvoluted into absorption profiles and compared with dissolution profiles by similarity factor. Results Investigated hydrophilic matrix tablets varied in term of their resistance against hydrodynamic stress or single stress during the dissolution. Different scenarios, including repeatable mechanical stress, were investigated on mostly prone Seroquel (R) XR 50 mg. None of the particular scenarios fits to the publishedin vivoC-t profile of Seroquel (R) XR 50 mg representing, however, the average of individual profiles related to scenarios differing by number, frequency and time of contraction stress. When different scenarios were combined in different proportions, the profiles became closer to the originalin vivoprofile including a burst between 4 and 5 h, probably, due to stress-events in GI-tract. Conclusion For establishing IVIVC of oral dosage forms susceptible mechanical stress, a comparison of the deconvoluted individualin vivoprofiles within vitroprofiles of different dissolution scenarios can be recommended