48 research outputs found

    The GENIE Neutrino Monte Carlo Generator: Physics and User Manual

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    GENIE is a suite of products for the experimental neutrino physics community. This suite includes i) a modern software framework for implementing neutrino event generators, a state-of-the-art comprehensive physics model and tools to support neutrino interaction simulation for realistic experimental setups (the Generator product), ii) extensive archives of neutrino, charged-lepton and hadron scattering data and software to produce a comprehensive set of data/MC comparisons (the Comparisons product), and iii) a generator tuning framework and fitting applications (the Tuning product). This book provides the definite guide for the GENIE Generator: It presents the software architecture and a detailed description of its physics model and official tunes. In addition, it provides a rich set of data/MC comparisons that characterise the physics performance of GENIE. Detailed step-by-step instructions on how to install and configure the Generator, run its applications and analyze its outputs are also included

    Submarine Navigation using Neutrinos

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    Neutrinos are among the most abundant particles in the universe, nearly massless, travel at speeds near the speed of light and are electrically neutral. Neutrinos can be generated through man-made sources like particle accelerators or by natural sources like the sun. Neutrinos only interact via the weak force and gravity. Since gravitational interaction is extremely weak and the weak force has a very short range, neutrinos can travel long distances unimpeded through matter, reaching places inaccessible to GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) signals such as underwater locations. The main objective of this work is to sketch an early high-level design of a Neutrino PNT (Position, Navigation and Timing) mission and analyze its feasibility for submarine navigation since there is a need to improve current navigation technologies for submarines. The high-level preliminary concept proposes Cyclotrons or Linear Accelerators based on the physical process Pion Decay at Rest as neutrino sources. For detecting such isotropic neutrino fluxes user equipment must be composed of a high-performance clock synchronized with the system, a detector and possibly additional sensors such as IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit). A feasibility analysis of the recommended system option is performed based on simulations for determining the neutrino detection rate and on a PNT tool to estimate the PNT performances. Although the submarine navigation application is in the limit of being feasible with current technology, it could be realized with some important but reasonable progress in source and neutrino detector technology.Comment: 10pages, 12 figure

    The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment: Exploring Fundamental Symmetries of the Universe

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    The preponderance of matter over antimatter in the early Universe, the dynamics of the supernova bursts that produced the heavy elements necessary for life and whether protons eventually decay --- these mysteries at the forefront of particle physics and astrophysics are key to understanding the early evolution of our Universe, its current state and its eventual fate. The Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) represents an extensively developed plan for a world-class experiment dedicated to addressing these questions. LBNE is conceived around three central components: (1) a new, high-intensity neutrino source generated from a megawatt-class proton accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, (2) a near neutrino detector just downstream of the source, and (3) a massive liquid argon time-projection chamber deployed as a far detector deep underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility. This facility, located at the site of the former Homestake Mine in Lead, South Dakota, is approximately 1,300 km from the neutrino source at Fermilab -- a distance (baseline) that delivers optimal sensitivity to neutrino charge-parity symmetry violation and mass ordering effects. This ambitious yet cost-effective design incorporates scalability and flexibility and can accommodate a variety of upgrades and contributions. With its exceptional combination of experimental configuration, technical capabilities, and potential for transformative discoveries, LBNE promises to be a vital facility for the field of particle physics worldwide, providing physicists from around the globe with opportunities to collaborate in a twenty to thirty year program of exciting science. In this document we provide a comprehensive overview of LBNE's scientific objectives, its place in the landscape of neutrino physics worldwide, the technologies it will incorporate and the capabilities it will possess.Comment: Major update of previous version. This is the reference document for LBNE science program and current status. Chapters 1, 3, and 9 provide a comprehensive overview of LBNE's scientific objectives, its place in the landscape of neutrino physics worldwide, the technologies it will incorporate and the capabilities it will possess. 288 pages, 116 figure

    Recent highlights from GENIE v3

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    Funder: u.s. department of energy; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000015AbstractThe release of GENIE v3.0.0 was a major milestone in the long history of the GENIE project, delivering several alternative comprehensive neutrino interaction models, improved charged-lepton scattering simulations, a range of beyond the Standard Model simulation capabilities, improved experimental interfaces, expanded core framework capabilities, and advanced new frameworks for the global analysis of neutrino scattering data and tuning of neutrino interaction models. Steady progress continued following the release of GENIE v3.0.0. New tools and a large number of new physics models, comprehensive model configurations, and tunes have been made publicly available and planned for release in v3.2.0. This article highlights some of the most recent technical and physics developments in the GENIE v3 series.</jats:p

    PHYSTAT-nu 2019

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    Neutrino induced charged current π+ production at the T2K near detector

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    A study of ν µ-induced charged current (CC) π+ production at the T2K off -axis near detector (ND280) is presented. Using Monte Carlo (MC) data studies event selections for both CC-inclusive and enriched CC- π+ samples have been developed using the ND280 tracker-region and surrounding ECals. Two types of CC- π+ selections were developed - one using the TPC to identify the pion and the other using a new ECal PID based on the deposited charge per unit length. Data/MC ratios are calculated and compared with the associated detector, neutrino interaction and flux simulation systematics. The predicted neutrino interaction rate was based on v2.6.2 of the GENIE MC generator and on T2Ks tuned 11a JNUBEAM flux simulation. The data used was collected between Nov. 2010 and March 2011 during the Run 2 data taking period and corresponds to a total integrated POT of 7.83 x 10[to the power of 19]. For the ν µ-CC-Inclusive selection which selects ν µ -CC interactions with a purity of 88:1% we find: [Mathematical formulae appear here. To view, please open pdf attachment] These show that the current measured and predicted rates for both the inclusive rate of ν µ neutrino interactions and those with at least one π+ in the final state agree to within the systematic uncertainties associated with neutrino interaction and flux simulation. Moreover, these selections lay the groundwork for future analyses, using larger data sets, that can be used to constrain these sources of uncertainty.EThOS - Electronic Theses Online ServiceGBUnited Kingdo

    Quantization Effect On Vlsi Implementations

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    In this paper, two basic approaches for implementing the 9/7 Filtering Unit, used in the Discrete Wavelet Transform, are addressed. The first is the lifting scheme approach and the second is the conventional, convolutional filter approach. Two architectures are examined for each approach, a simple -- straightforward one and an optimized one, substituting the multipliers used for scaling with shift -- add operations. The quantization of the constants used in the calculations is thoroughly explored and the selection of the data-path bit-width is addressed. Experimental results based on hardware implementation, for several quantizations and for the different hardware architectures of the 9/7 filtering units are given