2,931 research outputs found

    Challenges encountered by newly arrived Thai students when learning Indonesian as a foreign language

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    This study aimed to determine the challenges faced by Thai international students when they first came to Indonesia to study Indonesian as a foreign language. There were nine Thai students studying in six different cities in Indonesia were recruited as participants. The thematic analysis revealed two major themes: academic challenges and technological issues. Both made it difficult for Thai students to master the Indonesian language effectively. The condition potentially hinders their academic success when studying in Indonesia. However, the researchers found that despite the language barrier, Thai students still tried to speak Indonesian with Indonesian students and residents. It indicates that Thai students in this study were highly determined, friendly, and open to new cultures. Furthermore, the researchers advise teachers and program organizers to pay attention to these challenges to maximize the learning output

    Data_Sheet_1_Optimizing ensembles machine learning, genetic algorithms, and multivariate modeling for enhanced prediction of maize yield and stress tolerance index.docx

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    The frequent occurrence of drought, halting from unpredictable climate-induced weather patterns, presents significant challenges in breeding drought-tolerant maize to identify adaptable genotypes. The study explores the optimization of machine learning (ML) to predict both the grain yield and stress tolerance index (STI) of maize under normal and drought-induced stress. In total, 35 genotypes, comprising 31 hybrid candidates and four commercial varieties, were meticulously evaluated across three normal and drought-treated sites. Three popular ML were optimized using a genetic algorithm (GA) and ensemble ML to enhance data capture. Additionally, a Multi-trait Genotype-Ideotype Distance (MGIDI) was also involved to identify superior maize hybrids well-suited for drought conditions. The results highlight that the ensemble meta-models optimized by grid search exhibit robust performance with high accuracy across the testing datasets (R2 = 0.92 for grain yield and 0.82 for STI). The RF optimized by GA algorithm demonstrates slightly lower performance (R2 = 0.91 for grain yield and 0.79 for STI), surpassing the predictive performance of individual SVM-GA and KNN-GA models. Selection of the best-performing hybrids indicated that out of the six hybrids with the highest STI values, both the ensemble and MGIDI can accurately predict four hybrids, namely H06, H10, H13, and H35. Thus, combining ML with MGIDI enables researchers to discern traits for each genotype and holds promise for advancing the field of drought-tolerant maize breeding and expediting the development of resilient varieties.</p

    Effect of Extra-Virgin Olive Oil on Hand Foot Syndrome and hs-CRP in Patients Receiving Capecitabine: A Randomized Trial

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    Background: Hand Foot Syndrome (HFS) is a frequent adverse effect observed in patients undergoing capecitabine chemotherapy, often leading to treatment disruptions and dose adjustments. Elevated C-Reactive Protein (hs-CRP) levels have been associated with the development of HFS. This study aimed to assess the potential of unrefined Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) supplementation in mitigating HFS and hs-CRP elevation among individuals receiving capecitabine chemotherapy. Methods: Between November 2022 and May 2023, forty-five eligible participants were enrolled in this randomized trial. Patients with advanced colorectal or breast cancer were randomly allocated into three groups: an intervention group receiving unrefined EVOO supplementation (30 mL per day) alongside capecitabine, a placebo group receiving refined extra light olive oil (ELOO) supplementation (30 mL per day) alongside capecitabine, and a control group receiving capecitabine alone. The masking of both placebo and intervention groups was ensured through identical packaging and instructions, maintaining participant and physician blindness to the assigned treatments. Randomization, achieved via computer-generated sequences, ensured even distribution among the three groups. Results: HFS incidences were notably lower in the EVOO group (13.3%) compared to the placebo (66.7%) and control (80%) groups. Instances of Grade 2 or more severe HFS were observed in 20% of placebo and 40% of control group patients. No cases of severe HFS were reported in the EVOO group. Moreover, EVOO supplementation led to a significant reduction in hs-CRP levels when contrasted with the placebo and control groups. These findings suggest that EVOO may serve as a preventive measure against HFS and exhibit anti-inflammatory effects in patients undergoing capecitabine chemotherapy. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the potential benefits of incorporating unrefined EVOO into the regimen of patients undergoing capecitabine chemotherapy. EVOO supplementation was associated with lower incidences of HFS and a reduction in hs-CRP levels, indicating its possible role in preventing HFS development and mitigating inflammation

    The Influence Of Division Of Labor And Supervision On Employee Work Effectiveness At PT. Light Riau Mandiri

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    This study aims to determine the effect of division of labor and supervision on employee work effectiveness at PT Cahaya Riau Mandiri. The sample in this study amounted to 88 respondents who were distributed to employees of PT Cahaya Riau Mandiri. The data analysis method used is quantitative analysis using Data Quality Test (Validity Test and Reliability Test), Inferential Statistical Test (Multiple Linear Regression, Correlation Coefficient, Coefficient of Determination, t test, and F test). The results of the analysis obtained Division of Labor has a positive and significant effect on Employee Work Effectiveness at PT Cahaya Riau Mandiri, this can be seen from the t value (8.037) &gt; t table (1.989). And Supervision has a positive and significant effect on Employee Work Effectiveness at PT. Cahaya Riau Mandiri, this can be seen from the value of t count (2.171) &gt; t-table (1.989). As well as Division of Labor and Supervision have a positive and significant effect on Employee Work Effectiveness at PT. Cahaya Riau Mandiri, this can be seen from the value of F count (59.553) &gt; F table (3.953) and the significance value &lt; the significance level (α) 0.05 (0.000 &lt; 0.05)

    Farmer Group Training in Utilizing Bokashi for Cultivating Vegetable Crops

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    Suboptimal land use by farmers for crop cultivation activities faces obstacles including less fertile soil conditions, low soil pH and iron poisoning. To overcome this problem, efforts are needed to increase farmers' knowledge and skills, especially in the use of organic fertilizers, one of which is bokashi. The aim of this PKM activity is to increase the knowledge and skills of partners in using bokashi for plant cultivation. To achieve this goal, the method used in implementing this PKM activity is: 1). Counseling is carried out face to face with partner groups. Extension material regarding organic fertilizer, making and applying bokashi, cultivating leaf lettuce, and farmer group management; 2). Demonstration/practice of bokashi application on growing media 3). Mentoring, mentoring activities are carried out through visits to partner locations to see the results of bokashi practices that have been carried out, and holding discussions with partners. The problem with the production aspect in this farmer group is: the use of bokashi for cultivating vegetable crops is still not optimal. The solution offered to overcome production aspect problems is to transfer knowledge and technology for the use/application of bokashi for the cultivation of vegetable crops through the use of agricultural waste and available livestock materials to be used as substitutes/substitutes for inorganic fertilizers. Through the PKM activities that have been carried out, it can be seen that there has been an increase in participants' knowledge about bokashi from the initial condition of 36.63% to 94%

    Gerakan Membangun Desa Secara Gotong Royong

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    Pendukung kegiatan dalam kegiatan KKN LLDIKTI wilayah IV dengan kerjasama beberapa Perguruan Tinggi beserta PEMKAB Sumedang salah satunya yaitu kegiatan pengabdian Guru Besar dan para dosen dalam mendukung 3 program utama KKN yaitu pengendalian stunting, peningkatan produk unggulan desa serta pengentasan kemiskinan. Gerakan membangun desa secara gotong royong dalam mendukung program KKN merupakan tema dari kegiatan pengabdian. Kegiatan pengabdian dilaksanakan di Desa Jembarwangi Kecamatan Tomo Kabupaten Sumedang oleh Dosen Universitas Majalengka dan Universitas Sanggabuana Bandung dengan keterlibatan mahasiswa KKN. Tujuan dari kegiatan ini selain mengedukasi dan memotivasi masyarakat dalam menggali potensi Desa dalam membangun Desa yang dikaitkan dengan program KKN juga meningkatkan kemampuan dan skill mahasiswa dalam bermasyarakat dan mendorong gotong royong masyarakat untuk mengembangkan potensi sumber daya yang ada di Desa. Metode yang dilakukan yaitu edukasi, ceramah, penyuluhan, problem solving, dan diskusi. Hasil dari kegiatan pengabdian ini dapat dianggap baik dengan respon para peserta yang aktif dalam bertanya dan berdiskusi untuk membangun wilayah mereka yang dikaitkan dengan program KKN. Dengan kegiatan pengabdian ini diharapkan kegiatan gotong royong dapat dibangun terus di Desa jembarwangi dengan menghasilkan produk unggulan yang dapat dipasarkan secara keberlanjutan dan menggali potensi desa lainnya dalam mendukung kegiatan pengentasan kemiskinan serta masyarakat dapat menjaga lingkungan yang sehat bersih dan sadar asupan gizi sehat sehingga stunting dapat dihindari

    Pengembangan Sistem Informasi Geografis (WebGIS) Pajak Daerah Kota Bogor Terintegrasi

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    Sektor pajak merupakan salah satu pendapatan utama pemerintah selain sektor minyak dan gas. Pengelolaan pajak harus efektif, efisien dan transparan agar pemanfaatannya sesuai dengan tujuan utama pemerintah salah satunya untuk pembangunan nasional. Pengelolaan pajak saat ini di BAPENDA Kota Bogor masih dilakukan secara manual sehingga kesulitan untuk mengetahui akumulasi pajak yang sudah dibayar maupun yang belum dibayar dengan beberapa kriteria yang ada. Aplikasi yang akan dibangun bertujuan untuk memudahkan BAPENDA dalam mengelola data pajak, meliputi data wajib pajak, Status HAK pajak, Status bayar, seta Jenis Pajak Bumi.Aplikasi dibangun menggunakan bahasa pemrograman PHP dan POSTGRESQL. Metode pengembangan aplikasi menggunakan metode waterfall. Aplikasi juga dikembangkan menggunakan WebGIS sehingga aplikasi ini tidak hanya menampilkan data pajak tetapi juga menunjukkan pemetaan data pajak. Sedangkan pengujian aplikasi menggunakan alpha testing. Hasil dari kegiatan PKM ini berupa aplikasi pengelolaan pajak khususnya di BAPENDA Kota Bogor. Pada kegiatan PKM ini juga sekaligus memberikan pendampingan dan pelatihan dalam menjalankan aplikasi Pajak ini

    Role of Affective Neuroscience in Audit Judgement and Decisions Making: A Systematic Literature Review for Auditing Research

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    This research aims to determine the connection of audit judgment and decision making with affective neuroscience. Systematic Literature Review explores the research of audit judgment and decision making being dominated by the role of cognitive issues in judgment and decision making, but only a few reviews about the role of affect. Thus, it is necessary to balance both affective and cognitive variables. This research reviews seven auditing articles that elaborate on the affective role in audit judgment and decision making, six articles related to Affective Neuroscience, mindful judgment and decisions from psychological journals and three additional articles that are important. Affective Neuroscience (of which the main premise is to produce affective labelling) helps the process of coding information that will provide benefits when the auditor undergoes training, in practice, the auditor’s work atmosphere can be more positive, and if the auditor faces negative conditions, the effect can still be mitigated so that the resulting judgment can be accepted by the environment. This analysis provides useful insights that can be explored by future research to gain a broad understanding of the relationship between affective neuroscience with audit judgment and decision making so it can support the relationship between social theories and Affective Neuroscience. Affective Neuroscience's premise can help in understanding given judgement and decision-making by the auditor

    PEMBERDAYAAN GURU TANGERANG SELATAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN LITERASI BACA TULIS MELALUI MEDIA DIGITAL DAN MEDIA BIGBOOK

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    Abstrak: Kegiatan ini merupakan bentuk kerjasama antara Universitas Terbuka dengan Pemerintah Kota Tangerang Selatan dalam rangka memberdayakan guru TK dan guru SD dalam meningkatkan literasi baca tulis melalui media digital dan media bigbook. Adapun peserta yang mengikuti 15 guru SD dan 10 guru TK mengikuti kegiatan pelatihan yang dilakukan di SMPN 11 Tangerang Selatan. Pelatihan dilakukan secara luring dan daring dengan menggunakan metode seminar dan workshop. Kegiatan dilaksanakan selama enam bulan dengan membagi dua pelatihan, yaitu pelatihan pembuatan e-book untuk guru SD dan pembuatan bigbook untuk guru TK. Kegiatan tersebut menghasilkan dua bigbook dan dua e-book. Implikasi dari kegiatan ini adalah penggunaan media digital dan bigbook merupakah salah satu media yang berfungsi untuk menarik perhatian siswa dalam proses pembelajaran dan memudahkan guru untuk mengoptimalkan praktik pembelajarannya.Abstract:  This activity was a collaboration between the Open University and the South Tangerang City Government to empower kindergarten and elementary school teachers to improve literacy through digital media and book media. The participants were 15 elementary school teachers and 10 kindergarten teachers participating in training activities conducted at SMPN 11 South Tangerang. The training was conducted offline and online using seminar and mentoring methods. The activities were carried out for six months by dividing the training into two: training on making e-books for elementary school teachers and big books for kindergarten teachers. The activity produced two big books and two e-books. The implication of this activity is that the use of digital media and big books is one of the media that functions to attract students' attention in the learning process and makes it easier for teachers to optimize their learning practices

    Ritual Petani Marapu (Makna Simbolik Ritual Petani Marapu di Desa Wunga Kabupaten Sumba Timur)

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    Kebudayaan masyarakat Desa Wunga merupakan perilaku masyarakat yang dilakukan dengan cara menghormati leluhur-leluhur melalui suatu kepercayaan yang disebut sebagai marapu. Metode penelitian adalah pendekatan kualitatif dengan pola deskriptif-eksploratif. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan Maret sampai Desember 2018. Lokasi penelitian Desa Wunga, Kecamatan Haharu, Kabupaten Sumba Timur. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik purpove sampling. Informan yang dipilih berjumlah enam orang,&nbsp; dua orang sebagai informan kunci yaitu pemimpin agama/tua-tua adat (Rato) dan empat orang sebagai informan utama atau petani desa Wunga. Jenis pengumpulan data yakni data primer dan data sekunder. Teknik analisa data adalah kualitatif. Hasil penelitian Kepercayaan marapu berfungsi untuk menjembatani hubungan dengan Alkhalik sebagai yang tertinggi. Mereka percaya adanya Tuhan atau Alkhalik yang tidak boleh secara sembarang disapa oleh manusia. Untuk itu, Marapu berfungsi untuk menjembatani hubungan dengan Alkhalik sebagai sebagai pemilik semesta alam yang ada. Marapu diyakini juga sebagai pengatur, pemelihara alam semesta yang mewujudkan kekuatan ilahi dalam bentuk tanda- tanda alam (kilat, gempa bumi, dan lain-lain), maupun dalam bentuk benda-benda (gunung, batu, pohon, emas yang dikeramatkan dan sebagainya). Makna Simbolik Ritual Petani Marapu ditandai dengan praktik atau ritual yang dijalankan masyarakat Wunga dalam bertani maupun berternak ialah seluruh kegitan tersebut dilakukan melalui ritual/ kepercayaan marapu mulai dari persiapan hingga panen dan beberapa ternak disiapkan sebagai pelengkap dari ritual tersebut. Melalui ritual ditemukan makna diproyeksikan dalam bentuk rumah adat orang Sumba dengan arsitektur dan fungsinya yang menggambarkan posisi serta
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