4 research outputs found

    "E escrevo versos que n√£o entendes / Compreendes a minha ang√ļstia?": As matizes da educa√ß√£o liter√°ria de l√≠ngua portuguesa no curr√≠culo dos ensinos b√°sico e secund√°rio

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    Os curr√≠culos escolares s√£o o ‚Äúproduto‚ÄĚ conceptual de um quadro socioecon√≥mico, pol√≠tico e cultural. √Č, por isso, importante perceber de que forma √© que o curr√≠culo se operacionaliza e dialoga com o seu ‚Äúp√ļblico-alvo‚ÄĚ, os estudantes, na sua diversidade. A disciplina de portugu√™s √© um exemplo relevante no que diz respeito √† rela√ß√£o entre os programas curriculares da mesma e os desafios pedag√≥gicos que adv√™m das complexidades multiculturais na sociedade portuguesa. Realiz√°mos uma an√°lise, atrav√©s dos discursos oficiais e programas curriculares, ao ensino liter√°rio dos programas escolares da disciplina de portugu√™s dos doze anos de escolaridade obrigat√≥ria, e das variantes opcionais a partir do ensino secund√°rio: de literatura portuguesa e de literatura de l√≠ngua portuguesa. Procur√°mos perceber como est√£o organizados os conhecimentos nos programas curriculares em quest√£o, analisando o perfil de obras e autores escolhidos e procurando compreender de que forma representam a l√≠ngua portuguesa, e o que essa sele√ß√£o diz do curr√≠culo e da sociedade que o constr√≥i. Conclu√≠mos que existe uma incongru√™ncia na rela√ß√£o entre os discursos oficias sobre a representa√ß√£o da diversidade cultural, das pol√≠ticas educativas, e a materializa√ß√£o desses intuitos nos programas curriculares, e na educa√ß√£o liter√°ria de l√≠ngua portuguesa.The scholar curriculum is a conceptual ‚Äúproduct‚ÄĚ of a socioeconomical, political and cultural, context. It is important to understand how the curriculum works and speaks in relation with its ‚Äútarget audience‚ÄĚ, the students. The discipline of portuguese language is a relevant example to work with, particularly in the relationship between their curricular programs and the pedagogical challenges that result from the multicultural complexities in the portuguese society. We carried out an analysis, through official discourses and curricular programs, of the literary education in the school programs of portuguese language, in the course of the mandatory twelve years of school, and the optional literature courses in high school: those being, portuguese literature, and portuguese literature. With this, we seek to understand how the knowledge is organized in the curriculum, how the authors and their works are selected to represent the portuguese language, and what that says of the curriculum and the society that builds it. We concluded that there is an inconsistency in the relation between official discourses on the representation of cultural diversity, in educational policies, and the materialization of these purposes in the actual curricular programs, and their literary education of portuguese language

    Influenza virus type/subtype and different infection profiles by age group during 2017/2018 season

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    DDI-INSA em colaboração com a Rede Portuguesa de Laboratórios para o Diagnóstico da GripeBackground: Influenza has a major impact in hospitalization during each influenza season. We analysed the influenza type/subtype distribution by age group and medical care wards (ambulatory, hospital, intensive care unit). Material and Methods: During 2017/2018 season, 14 hospitals from Portugal mainland and Atlantic Island (Azores and Madeira) reported to the National Influenza Centre 13747 cases of respiratory infection, all tested for influenza type and/or subtype. Epidemiological data: age, sample collection, hospital dwelling service and patient outcome were reported. Results: From the 13747 reported cases, 3717(27%) were influenza positive of which 2033 (55%) were influenza B, 722 (19%) A unsubtyped, 505 (14%) AH3, 442 (12%) AH1pdm09 and 15(0,1%) mixed infections. Influenza A was detected in 71% (204/208) of toddlers(<5 years) although in the remaining age groups influenza B was detected in more than 50% of the confirmed flu cases. Influenza B was the predominant virus in hospitalized and ICU influenza cases between 5-14 years (69% and 75%, respectively) and played a major role in elderly (65+ years) hospitalized and ICU cases(57% and 67%, respectively). AH1pdm09 virus was detected in 30% of the influenza confirmed ICU patients, 2.1 times more than in hospitalized cases in other wards and 3.3 times more than influenza AH1pdm09 cases in ambulatory care. Influenza mixed infection were detected sporadically,mainly in hospitalized and ICU patients. From 2080 known outcomes, 40(1.9%) patients deceased, influenza was confirmed in 11(28%) of these cases. Conclusions: Cocirculation of different influenza virus type/subtype may indicate different infection profiles by age groups and should guide influenza preventive/treatment measures.N/

    Severe RSV infections in children and elderly during 2017/2018 winter season

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    DDI_INSA em colabora√ß√£o com o DEP-INSA e a Rede Portuguesa de Laborat√≥rios para o Diagn√≥stico da GripeBackground: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most frequent and important respiratory viral agent that causes respiratory infection complications in younger children and elderly. RSV has an autumn / winter seasonality detected in cocirculation with influenza and other respiratory viruses. Material and Methods: During 2017/2018 season, 14 hospitals from Portugal mainland and Atlantic Island tested 4278 swabs for influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and other respiratory viruses (oRV). Data on age and hospital service were recorded. Samples were collected from patients with mild to severe respiratory infections. Severity was correlated with the need for hospitalization. The study aimed to determine the age groups that had experienced severe RSV infections during the 2017/2018 season with the need of hospitalization, including in intensive care units (ICU). Results: Between October/2017-May/2018 were tested 4278 swabs for influenza, RSV and oRV (picornavirus, adenovirus, bocavirus, metapneumovirus, parainfluenzavirus, coronavirus). A total of 43%(1830) swabs were positive, from these 35%(639) were outpatients, 61%(1112) were hospitalized and 4% (79) were at ICU. The prevalence found were: Influenza 63%(1157), RSV 15%(266), oRV 13%(247) and 9%(160) of the cases were mixed infections. Influenza was detected in more than 70% of the positives swabs in patients aged above 15 years old. The oRV played a major role in respiratory infections in children, 0-4 and 5-14 years old, detected in 23% and 21% of the cases ,respectively. RSV was the predominant virus identified in toddlers, under 4 years old (29% of the positive samples and in 85% of codetection ). Among elderly 65+, RSV was confirmed in 13% of the respiratory infections. In hospitalized adults 65+, although influenza was detected in 80% of the positive swabs, RSV was 3.5 times more frequently detected than oRV, higher than the observed in outpatients (RSV 1.6 times more frequent than oRV). In hospitalized patients under 5 years old, RSV were detected in 31% of the positive swabs being 1.3 and 1.5 times more frequently than influenza and oRV, respectively. In ICU, 40%(32) of the cases were under 5 years old, influenza was confirmed in only 3% and RSV in 22% of the cases. 35%(28) ICU cases had 65+years old, influenza was confirmed in 57% and RSV in 14% of these patients. Conclusions: During 2017/2018, RSV was detected in severe respiratory infections. In young children (‚ȧ4 years old) RSV was the most frequently detected respiratory virus. In elderly 65+, besides influenza, RSV was frequently associated with severe respiratory infections. Prevention measures for RSV severe infections are essential not only in children but also among the elderly.N/

    Effects of pre-operative isolation on postoperative pulmonary complications after elective surgery: an international prospective cohort study

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