1,727 research outputs found

    New approaches to olive mill wastes bioremediation

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    Remediation of olive mill wastewater (OMW) is an important issue associated with olive-oil manufacturing, a widespread activity in the Mediterranean area. This high organic loading effluent contains water, organic acids, high-molecular-weight polyphenols such as tannins, antocyanins and catechins, which are considered to be responsible for its brownish black colour and ecotoxic properties. The composition of OMWs is highly variable with respect to each individual component, depending on the process conditions and on the agricultural specificities. Thus, different approaches are applicable concerning to OMW treatment and valorisation , considering the specificities of its production and in particular the oil extraction process. Besides there are several physical, physico-chemical, biological and combined processes to OMW detoxification, each may represent an opportunity for a specific condition. It is important to explore new possibilities that are both environmentally sustainable and economically viable. Under the biological processes the use of fungi and in particular white-rot fungi present a potential interesting alternative for depollution and biological chemicals production or for protein production for feeding. In this aspect we have been testing the ability of a “white-rot” fungus, Bjerkandera paranensis, to use undiluted OMW from a two phase process mill. A chronic ecotoxicity test (Vibrio fisheri growth inhibition test) demonstrated that the growth of this fungus contributed for a significant decrease of the OMW ecotoxicity and demonstrating the potential for further studies with this strain for an alternative biological route to OMW treatment and valorization

    Autoimmune Progesterone Dermatitis: Treatment with Oophorectomy

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    Life Design Counseling outcome and process: a case study with an adolescent

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    This article aims to explore the relationship between clients' narrative transformation and the promotion of vocational decidedness and career maturity in a mid-adolescent case of Life Design Counseling (LDC). To assess LDC outcomes the Vocational Certainty Scale and the Career Maturity Inventory — Form C were used before and after the intervention. To intensively analyze the process of LDC change two measures of narrative change were used: the Innovative Moments Coding System (IMCS), as a measure of innovation emergence, and the Return to the Problem Coding System (RPCS), as a measure of ambivalence towards change. The results show that the three LDC sessions produced a significant change in vocational certainty but not in career maturity. Findings confirm that the process of change, according to the IMCS, is similar to the one observed in previous studies with adults. Implications for future research and practice are discussed.Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology and the Portuguese Ministry of Education and Science through national funds and when applicable co-financed by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement (UID/PSI/01662/2013)University of Lisbon. CICPS

    Kinetics of a packed-bed bacth reactor for the treatment of olive oil wastewaters from a Portuguese mill

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    Olive oil production is a traditional agricultural industry in Mediterranean countries and Portugal is one of the ten major producers. This industry generates an effluent, olive mill wastewater. This effluent does not undergo any treatment and is usually stored in evaporation lagoons or spread on the land. This can have a negative impact in the environment since this effluent has a high level of organic matter leading to a high chemical oxygen demand. In addition it has also a high content of polyphenols that contributes to the ecotoxicity of this effluent.Different techniques for the treatment of these wastewaters have been studied. In this work a 60 litre vessel was filled with a packaging of plastic material consisting of a cubic geometry (Biological Carrier Media from Rauschert). The non-inoculated reactor was filled with effluent from an olive mill farm (from Alfândega da Fé, Trás-os-Montes) and the effluent was re-circulated daily for homogeneity. COD, colour, nitrogen, solids and phosphorous were measured to follow the evolution of the system. Microbial composition and polyphenols were also evaluated. As an indicator of the microbial activity in the reactor, lipase activities were measured. Ecotoxicity tests were carried out to follow the detoxification capacity of the system as well as its potential for using in the treatment of this type of agroindustrial effluent

    Olive Mill wastewater bioremediation towards detoxification

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    Olive oil production is a traditional agricultural industry in Mediterranean countries and Portugal is one of the ten major producers. This industry generates an effluent, olive mill wastewater (OMW), which does not undergo any treatment and, usually, is stored in evaporation lagoons or spread on the land. Disposal of olive oil mill wastewaters is a serious environmental problem due to its high organic loading, presence of polyphenols and tannins, high content in suspended solids and acidity, which contributes to its ecotoxicity. In this work it was intended to study the biodegradation of OMW by microrganisms naturally present in these wastewaters. Thus, an aerobic biological treatment system: a packed-bed batch reactor was applied to a OMW from a mill on northern of Portugal, exploring its autochthon microbial population as inoculum. The biodegradation ability of OMW by microrganisms naturally present in these wastewaters was assessed, by following the evolution of the process and monitoring several of its physico-chemical parameters. Furthermore, an ecotoxicological evaluation, using chronic toxicity tests (Pseudomonas putida growth inhibition test and Vibrio fischeri growth inhibition test), was performed to follow the detoxification capacity of the system as well as its potential to be used in the treatment of this type of agroindustrial effluent
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