1,239 research outputs found

    Non-centro-symmetric superconductors Li2Pd3B and Li2(Pd0.8Pt0.2)3B: amplitude and phase fluctuations analysis of the experimental magnetization data

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    We report on magnetization data obtained as a function of temperature and magnetic field in Li2 (Pd0.8Pt0.2)3B and Li2Pd3B non-centro-symmetric superconductors. Reversible magnetization curves were plotted as M1/2 vs. T. This allows study of the asymptotic behavior of the averaged order parameter amplitude (gap) near the superconducting transition. Results of the analysis show, as expected, a mean field superconducting transition for Li2Pd3B. On contrary, a large deviation from the mean field behavior is revealed for Li2(Pd0.8Pt0.2)3B. This is interpreted as due to the strength of the non s-wave spin-triplet pairing in this Pt-containing compound which produces nodes in the order parameter and consequently, phase fluctuations. The diamagnetic signal above Tc(H) in Li2Pd3B is well explained by superconducting Gaussian fluctuations, which agrees with the observed mean field transition. For Li2(Pd0.8Pt0.2)3B the diamagnetic signal above Tc(H) is much higher than the expected Gaussian values and appears to be well explained by three dimensional critical fluctuations of the lowest-Landau-level type, which somehow agrees with the scenario of a phase mediated transition.Comment: 7 pages (1 column) 3 figure

    Onset of phase correlations in YBa2Cu3O{7-x} as determined from reversible magnetization measurements

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    Isofield magnetization curves are obtained and analyzed for three single crystals of YBa2Cu3O{7-x}, ranging from optimally doped to very underdoped, as well as the BCS superconductor Nb, in the presence of magnetic fields applied both parallel and perpendicular to the abab planes. Near Tc, the magnetization exhibits a temperature dependence \sqrt{M} [Ta(H)-T]^m. In accordance with recent theories, we associated Ta(H) with the onset of coherent phase fluctuations of the superconducting order parameter. For Nb and optimally doped YBaCuO, Ta(H) is essentially identical to the mean-field transition line Tc(H). The fitting exponent m=0.5 takes its mean-field value for Nb, and varies just slightly from 0.5 for optimally doped YBaCuO. However, underdoped YBCO samples exhibit anomalous behavior, with Ta(H)>Tc for H applied parallel to the c axis, suggesting that the magnetization is probing a region of temperatures above Tc where phase correlations persist. In this region, the fitting exponent falls in the range 0.5 < m < 0.8 for H\parallel c, compared with m~0. for $H\parallel ab planes. The results are interpreted in terms of an anisotropic pairing symmetry of the order parameter: d-wave along the ab planes and s-wave along the c axis.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Anomalous metamagnetic-like transition in a FeRh/Fe3_3Pt interface occurring at T120 K in the field-cooled-cooling curves for low magnetic fields

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    We report on the magnetic properties of a special configuration of a FeRh thin film. An anomalous behavior on the magnetisation vs. temperature was observed when low magnetic fields are applied in the plane of a thin layer of FeRh deposited on ordered Fe3_3Pt. The anomalous effect resembles a metamagnetic transition and occur only in the field-cooled-cooling magnetisation curve at temperatures near 120 K in samples without any heat treatment.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1008.195
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