35 research outputs found

    Granice ironii – granice iluzji. O ontologii postaci w „Eugeniuszu Onieginie” Aleksandra Puszkina i Piotra Czajkowskiego

    Get PDF
    The article presents the characteristics of the romantic irony employed in Alexander Pushkin’s digressive poem Eugene Onegin and Pyotr Tchaikovsky’s opera titled alike. The analysis of selected fragments of the libretto which were based on the verses constituting the digressive (rather than storytelling) layer of Pushkin’s work allow one to conclude that the operatic version of Onegin expresses exactly the same kind of romantic irony which was used by the romantic poet. The authors of the libretto achieved something typical of Pushkin’s irony – a flow of the border between illusion and disillusion and an effortless crossing of the dialectic borders of time and space. They did so by multiplying and splitting into layers the “I” of the main character which functions both in the dramatic plane and beyond it, taking over the functions which in Pushkin’s text were performed by the narrator.The article presents the characteristics of the romantic irony employed in Alexander Pushkin’s digressive poem Eugene Onegin and Pyotr Tchaikovsky’s opera titled alike. The analysis of selected fragments of the libretto which were based on the verses constituting the digressive (rather than storytelling) layer of Pushkin’s work allow one to conclude that the operatic version of Onegin expresses exactly the same kind of romantic irony which was used by the romantic poet. The authors of the libretto achieved something typical of Pushkin’s irony – a flow of the border between illusion and disillusion and an effortless crossing of the dialectic borders of time and space. They did so by multiplying and splitting into layers the “I” of the main character which functions both in the dramatic plane and beyond it, taking over the functions which in Pushkin’s text were performed by the narrator

    Decision making in context of neurobiological research and psychological theories

    Get PDF
    The aim of this paper is to review literature, concerning neurobiological background of decision processes, in context of psychological theories. Most significant economical and behavioral theories of decision making were described. Furthermore, up to date research, concerning influence of prefrontal cortex and it’s interconnections on decision processes was presented. Neurobiological studies influence knowledge concerning decision processes, given their significance in understanding real behavior in decision making situations. Psychiatry 2010; 7, 2: 68-74Celem pracy jest dokonanie przeglądu piśmiennictwa dotyczącego neurobiologicznego podłoża procesów decyzyjnych w świetle teorii psychologicznych. Omówiono najważniejsze ekonomiczne i behawioralne teorie podejmowania decyzji. Przedstawiono także wyniki przeprowadzonych dotychczas badań, dotyczących udziału kory przedczołowej i jej połączeń w przebiegu procesów decyzyjnych. Badania neurobiologiczne mają istotne znaczenie dla poznania przebiegu procesów decyzyjnych, ponieważ umożliwiają lepsze zrozumienie rzeczywistych zachowań człowieka w sytuacji podejmowania decyzji. Psychiatria 2010; 7, 2: 68-7

    Psychotic disorders as a complication of interferon-a treatment of hepatitis C

    Get PDF
    Summary Low-dose long-term interferon-a is a standard therapy for hepatitis C and is often associated with neuropsychiatric side effects, most frequently depression, mild cognitive impairment and fatigue which disappear with cessation of such treatment. Psychotic disorders are a rare complication of the treatment and usually resolve with its termination. In this paper, a review of the literature on interferon-a-induced psychotic disorders in hepatitis C patients has been performed. Epidemiology, predisposing factors, clinical picture, treatment and mechanisms of this serious neuropsychiatric complication have been discussed. Also, an own case of chronic schizophreniform psychosis and dementia following such treatment is described. interferon-a / psychotic disorders / clinical factors / treatment / mechanism

    Evaluation of clinical and psychological parameters in subgroups of people with paroxysmal, persistent, and long- standing persistent atrial fibrillation

    Get PDF
    Background. Atrial fibrillation (AF) may cause worsening of haemodynamic function of the heart, occur-rence of peripheral embolism, emotional disorders, and secondary occurrence of cognitive deterioration. It seems that patients with AF constitute a heterogeneous group in terms of features characterising both the arrhythmia itself and their psychophysical efficiency. Taking this into account, the aim of the work was to assess the psychophysical condition of patients with various forms of AF. Methods. The study included 80 subjects diagnosed with AF. Patients underwent a clinical and neuropsy-chological evaluation, including clinical interview and physical examination, biochemical and echocar-diographic parameters, physical performance (6MWT), cognitive and executive functions (TMT A and B, Stroop 1 and 2, RAVLT), and severity of depressive symptoms (BDI). Results. Analysis of the results of neuropsychological tests revealed significantly worse performance of TMT B and RAVLT A3 by patients with long-standing persistent AF than among patients with non-perma-nent AF. The subjects with long-standing persistent arrhythmia also walked a significantly shorter distance in 6MWT. In 55% of subjects, clinically significant depressive symptoms were observed. However, there were no significant differences in the values of echocardiographic parameters between particular groups. Conclusions. Long-standing persistent type of AF was associated with worse results of psychophysical efficiency, and exercise performance, likewise in cognitive and executive functioning. More than half of patients with AF presented features of depressive disorders

    Effect of the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism on affective temperament, depression and body mass index in obesity

    Get PDF
    Background and aim: Many studies show high prevalence of affective disorders in obese patients. Affective temperament is a subclinical manifestation of such conditions. The 5-HTT gene encoding the serotonin transporter may be involved in both mood and eating dysregulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of a polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene on affective temperament types, depressive symptoms and Body Mass Index (BMI) in obese patients. Methods: This study involved 390 patients (237 females, and 153 males) with obesity. The TEMPS-A questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) were used to evaluate affective temperaments and prevalence of depression. DNA was obtained for serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) genotyping. Results: In obese patients S/S genotype was associated with depressive and L/L with cyclothymic temperament. Subjects with L/L genotype presented significantly higher BMI and greater intensity of depressive symptoms in BDI and HDRS. Females scored higher in anxious and depressive, while males in hyperthymic, cyclothymic and irritable temperaments. Females scored higher in BDI (subjective depression) while males in HDRS (objective depression). Limitations: TEMPS-A, BDI and HDRS are frequently used in studies on affective disorders. However, these methods do not examine all dimensions of mood and personality. Conclusions: In obese patients S allele of 5-HTTLPR was associated with development of depressive temperament while L allele corresponded with greater obesity and prevalence of depression. Different mechanisms may be involved in manifestation of depression in males and females with obesity
    corecore