3 research outputs found

    Identificación de biomarcadores de la placa de ateroma en arteria carótida inestable

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    26 p.La aterosclerosis es una enfermedad crónica producida por una inflamación persistente de la pared de la arteria además de una acumulación de lípidos. Las placas de ateroma pueden dividirse en dos grupos según la morfología que presenta la placa, estable o inestable, siendo la placa inestable capaz de provocar accidentes cerebrovasculares. En este estudio, se analizó la expresión génica mediante PCR cuantitativa digital de genes anteriormente estudiados en un análisis comparativo basado en RNAseq. En dicho análisis se analizaron las diferencias en el transcriptoma completo de células del músculo liso (CML) aisladas de placas sintomáticas (S) y asintomáticas (A) y a nivel de placa completa. Para el presente estudio, se empleó RNA extraído de placas de ateroma tanto S como A. Se observó que 11 genes de los 116 testados se validaban con los genes ya detectados en CML y a nivel de placa completa. Además, 5 de los genes codificaban proteínas secretadas detectables en suero. Los resultados aportados por este estudio suponen un gran avance en la búsqueda de biomarcadores de aterosclerosis que permitan discriminar A de S realizando un test sérico de detección rápida con el fin de poder detectar a pacientes con alto riesgo de desarrollar accidentes cerebrovasculares

    Genomic Multiple Sclerosis Risk Variants Modulate the Expression of the ANKRD55–IL6ST Gene Region in Immature Dendritic Cells

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    Autoimmune; Multiple sclerosisAutoinmune; Esclerosis múltipleAutoimmune; Esclerosi múltipleIntronic single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ANKRD55 gene are associated with the risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The risk alleles have been linked to higher expression levels of ANKRD55 and the neighboring IL6ST (gp130) gene in CD4+ T lymphocytes of healthy controls. The biological function of ANKRD55, its role in the immune system, and cellular sources of expression other than lymphocytes remain uncharacterized. Here, we show that monocytes gain capacity to express ANKRD55 during differentiation in immature monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) in the presence of interleukin (IL)-4/granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). ANKRD55 expression levels are further enhanced by retinoic acid agonist AM580 but downregulated following maturation with interferon (IFN)-γ and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). ANKRD55 was detected in the nucleus of moDC in nuclear speckles. We also analyzed the adjacent IL6ST, IL31RA, and SLC38A9 genes. Of note, in healthy controls, MS risk SNP genotype influenced ANKRD55 and IL6ST expression in immature moDC in opposite directions to that in CD4+ T cells. This effect was stronger for a partially correlated SNP, rs13186299, that is located, similar to the main MS risk SNPs, in an ANKRD55 intron. Upon analysis in MS patients, the main GWAS MS risk SNP rs7731626 was associated with ANKRD55 expression levels in CD4+ T cells. MoDC-specific ANKRD55 and IL6ST mRNA levels showed significant differences according to the clinical form of the disease, but, in contrast to healthy controls, were not influenced by genotype. We also measured serum sgp130 levels, which were found to be higher in homozygotes of the protective allele of rs7731626. Our study characterizes ANKRD55 expression in moDC and indicates monocyte-to-dendritic cell (Mo–DC) differentiation as a process potentially influenced by MS risk SNPs.This research was supported by grants to KV from MINECO (SAF2016-74891-R), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (FIS-PI20/00123), Gobierno Vasco RIS3 (Ref. 2019222043), and Red Española de Esclerosis Múltiple (REEM; RD16/0015/0005). NV and LMV were supported by ISCIII (FIS-PI18/00572) and REEM (RD16/0015/0001). RTN is a recipient of a fellowship from the Secretaría Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología e Innovación (SENACYT; Convocatoria Doctorado de Investigación Ronda III, 2018; Ref. BIDP-III-2018-12) of the Gobierno Nacional, República de Panamá

    Genomic Multiple Sclerosis Risk Variants Modulate the Expression of the ANKRD55-IL6ST Gene Region in Immature Dendritic Cells

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    Intronic single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ANKRD55 gene are associated with the risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The risk alleles have been linked to higher expression levels of ANKRD55 and the neighboring IL6ST (gp130) gene in CD4(+) T lymphocytes of healthy controls. The biological function of ANKRD55, its role in the immune system, and cellular sources of expression other than lymphocytes remain uncharacterized. Here, we show that monocytes gain capacity to express ANKRD55 during differentiation in immature monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) in the presence of interleukin (IL)-4/granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). ANKRD55 expression levels are further enhanced by retinoic acid agonist AM580 but downregulated following maturation with interferon (IFN)-gamma and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). ANKRD55 was detected in the nucleus of moDC in nuclear speckles. We also analyzed the adjacent IL6ST, IL31RA, and SLC38A9 genes. Of note, in healthy controls, MS risk SNP genotype influenced ANKRD55 and IL6ST expression in immature moDC in opposite directions to that in CD4(+) T cells. This effect was stronger for a partially correlated SNP, rs13186299, that is located, similar to the main MS risk SNPs, in an ANKRD55 intron. Upon analysis in MS patients, the main GWAS MS risk SNP rs7731626 was associated with ANKRD55 expression levels in CD4(+) T cells. MoDC-specific ANKRD55 and IL6ST mRNA levels showed significant differences according to the clinical form of the disease, but, in contrast to healthy controls, were not influenced by genotype. We also measured serum sgp130 levels, which were found to be higher in homozygotes of the protective allele of rs7731626. Our study characterizes ANKRD55 expression in moDC and indicates monocyte-to-dendritic cell (Mo-DC) differentiation as a process potentially influenced by MS risk SNPs
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