5 research outputs found

    Poverty Effects of Minimum Wage Increase in Nigeria

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    This paper examined the influence of Minimum wage (MW) increase on poverty level of households whose heads were in formal employment and the spillover effect on those in informal employment. It assessed distribution of real per capita household expenditure (PCPHE) and real monthly wage of workers in the two sectors. Fuzzy set approach was used to estimate multidimensional poverty (MDP) index of the population which served as poverty line and the poverty rate of households which was utilized as regressand in Instrumental Variable (IV) regression, with real monthly wage as key regressor. The study also estimated MW coverage and percentage of low-wage earners in poor and non-poor households. The results showed that PCPHE did not reflect wage gains observed after MW increase in the sectors but there was slight reduction in poverty level. Formal sector workers were poorer than those in informal sector and poverty worsened for public sector employees after MW increase compared to employees in private sector. The implication of the result is that MW should not be the sole redistributive policy in the formal sector and its increase should only form part of a comprehensive national economic development strategy. Keywords: Employment, fuzzy set, instrumental variable, minimum wage, multidimensional poverty. DOI: 10.7176/DCS/9-11-03 Publication date: November 30th 201

    Evaluation of training on good agronomic practices for seed yam production in Nigeria

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    Open Access ArticleThe second phase of the Yam Improvement for Income and Food Security in West Africa (YIIFSWA II) project was implemented through a strong collaboration between research and private sector. Private seed companies were provided with a wide variety of training and development activities on good agronomic practices (GAPs). However, the effects of the training activities were yet to be evaluated. This paper evaluated the contribution of the training on high-quality seed yam production through paying particular attention to how it was tailored to the needs of various farmers, and how the knowledge gained was transferred to the field. The study employed an applied Kirkpatrick model and descriptive statistics to measure the indicators of training effectiveness. Results from a statistical population of 172 farmers using 179 demonstration fields showed that the farmers’ training on GAPs was effective, based on four criteria of the Kirkpatrick training evaluation process. The satisfactory results at the beginning of the hierarchical model have implications on the satisfactory results at the end. Improving the effectiveness of a training depends on defining factors such as (i) Training based on satisfaction in meeting the needs of your trainees and the seed production business; (ii) Training based on learning objectives in improving the trainees’ skills and knowledge; and (iii) Training based on learner attitude change in applying new skills and knowledge in the fields. Conclusions drawn from this study indicated that the training was a reasonable value-added mechanism of improved agricultural knowledge and practices for enhancing high-quality seed yam production in Nigeria