3 research outputs found

    Deep Learning Approach for Predicting the Therapeutic Usages of Unani Formulas towards Finding Essential Compounds

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    The use of herbal medicines in recent decades has increased because their side effects are considered lower than conventional medicine. Unani herbal medicines are often used in Southern Asia. These herbal medicines are usually composed of several types of medicinal plants to treat various diseases. Research on herbal medicine usually focuses on insight into the composition of plants used as ingredients. However, in the present study, we extended to the level of metabolites that exist in the medicinal plants. This study aimed to develop a predictive model of the Unani therapeutic usage based on its constituent metabolites using deep learning and data-intensive science approaches. Furthermore, the best prediction model was then utilized to extract important metabolites for each therapeutic usage of Unani. In this study, it was observed that the deep neural network approach provided a much better prediction model than other algorithms including random forest and support vector machine. Moreover, according to the best prediction model using the deep neural network, we identified 118 important metabolites for nine therapeutic usages of Unani

    Prediction of Potential Natural Antibiotics Plants Based on Jamu Formula Using Random Forest Classifier

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    Jamu is the traditional Indonesian herbal medicine system that is considered to have many benefits such as serving as a cure for diseases or maintaining sound health. A Jamu medicine is generally made from a mixture of several herbs. Natural antibiotics can provide a way to handle the problem of antibiotic resistance. This research aims to discover the potential of herbal plants as natural antibiotic candidates based on a machine learning approach. Our input data consists of a list of herbal formulas with plants as their constituents. The target class corresponds to bacterial diseases that can be cured by herbal formulas. The best model has been observed by implementing the Random Forest (RF) algorithm. For 10-fold cross-validations, the maximum accuracy, recall, and precision are 91.10%, 91.10%, and 90.54% with standard deviations 1.05, 1.05, and 1.48, respectively, which imply that the model obtained is good and robust. This study has shown that 14 plants can be potentially used as natural antibiotic candidates. Furthermore, according to scientific journals, 10 of the 14 selected plants have direct or indirect antibacterial activity