4 research outputs found

    Derecho penal y adicciones sin sustancia. Estudio de la relación entre la conducta delictiva y el juego patológico

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    Publicación con el texto completo en acceso restringidoLa presente monografía presenta como objetivo prioritario ensalzar el carácter transversal de las ciencias criminológicas, principalmente en cuanto a su relación con el ámbito jurídico penal, la Psicología o las neurociencias en general. Así pues, y bajo un contexto puramente de interés forense, se aborda aquella cuestión vinculada a las adicciones comportamentales ofreciendo una comprensión integral de todo aquello que afecta a la culpabilidad o exigencia de responsabilidad criminal sobre la base de los hallazgos neurocientíficos que pudieran explicar sistemas de recompensa similares entre las adicciones químicas y las adicciones sin sustancia

    Neurociencia, Culpabilidad y Patología Mental

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    Nowadays, the relevance of neuroscientific studies does not leave indifferent to the legal-forensic context, having a fundamental role in the criminal issue that competes the field of culpability. Specifically, and taking into account the group of people who carry out the illicit acts as a result of a mental illness, it is essential to know the weight of that biological basis in order to answer the question of imputability-inimputability. In view of this, judicial decision-making should be established on those expert reports that let clarify the degree of impairment of cognitive and / or volitional capacity at the time of the crime and, in such way, can be appreciated by the judge an exemption from the penalty. Thus, the underlying symptomatology of said mental alteration and taken as a basis the expert opinion first, and those from the legal operators subsequently, should be taken as a reference the existing diagnostic manuals, especially valuing in this work the importance of complementary tools such as the one related to the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC).La relevancia de los estudios neurocientíficos en la actualidad no deja indiferente al contexto jurídico-forense, siendo su papel fundamental en la cuestión penal que compete al ámbito de la culpabilidad. De manera específica, atendiendo al colectivo de personas que llevan a cabo el hecho ilícito como consecuencia de una patología mental, resulta imprescindible conocer el peso de aquella base biológica de cara a dar respuesta a la cuestión de imputabilidad-inimputabilidad. Ante ello, la toma de decisiones judiciales no puede sino establecerse sobre aquellos informes periciales que permitan esclarecer el grado de afectación de la capacidad cognitiva y/o volitiva en el momento del delito y hacerlo en modo tal que pueda llegar a apreciarse por el juzgador una circunstancia modificativa de responsabilidad criminal. Así, la sintomatología subyacente a dicha alteración mental y que se tome como base por peritos en primer lugar, y por operadores jurídicos con posterioridad, deberá de acogerse a los manuales de diagnóstico existentes al respecto, valorando especialmente en este trabajo la importancia de herramientas complementarias como sería la relativa a los Criterios de Dominio de Investigación (RDoC)

    Violent behavior, criminal liability and behavioral sciences

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    The main objective of this work is to highlight the importance of the studies in Neuroscience as a fundamental axis in the practice of Criminal law, mainly with regard to the assessment of criminal responsibility in people who present some mental pathology and have committed a violent act. Specifically, and with respect to the "guilty trial", the new trends demand the need of considering the neuroscientific studies in judicial decision making, because within the imputability - non imputability continuum the biological variables are considered an essential factor in the court ruling. This question is relevant not only for the application of certain security measures, but also for the rehabilitation of the person and for the prevention of future offenses.El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo principal el poner de manifiesto la importancia de los estudios en Neurociencia como eje fundamental en la pr√°ctica del Derecho penal, principalmente en lo que ata√Īe a la valoraci√≥n de la responsabilidad criminal en personas que presentan alguna patolog√≠a mental sobre la base de los actos violentos cometidos. Concretamente, y en lo que respecta al ‚Äújuicio de culpabilidad‚ÄĚ, las nuevas corrientes demandan la necesidad de considerar los estudios neurocient√≠ficos en la toma de decisiones judiciales, pues dentro del continuo de imputabilidad-inimputabilidad las variables biol√≥gicas constituyen el factor por excelencia de cara al citado dictamen. Todo ello se hace imprescindible no solo en cuanto a la comprensi√≥n de las consecuencias jur√≠dicas a imponer, sino tambi√©n en vistas a la rehabilitaci√≥n del sujeto y a la prevenci√≥n de futuras ofensas

    The life course of impulsive males from childhood to adulthood

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    Purpose: This paper aims to advance knowledge about the life course of impulsive males from childhood to adulthood, based on data collected in the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development (CSDD) from age 8 to 65 and to investigate which factors are related to impulsiveness at different ages. Design/methodology/approach: The CSDD is a prospective longitudinal survey of 411 London males first studied in 1961‚Äď1962 at age eight. The males have been assessed face-to-face nine times from age 8 to 48. A total of 77 impulsive boys and 334 non-impulsive boys were identified at ages 8‚Äď10 using three measures of impulsiveness: daring/risk-taking (rated by parents and peers), psychomotor clumsiness/impulsivity (based on psychomotor tests of the boys) and poor concentration/restless in class (rated by teachers). Findings: Parental, family, socio-economic, academic attainment and behavioural factors in childhood were the most significant variables that were related to impulsiveness at ages 8‚Äď10. Impulsive males had low IQ, truancy, high daring and a high antisocial personality score at ages 12‚Äď14. No exams passed, and a low socio-economic status job were especially significant at ages 16‚Äď18, while poor employment, convictions (especially for violence), anti-establishment attitudes and an unsuccessful life were especially characteristic of impulsive males in adulthood (ages 32‚Äď48). Practical implications: Child skills training programmes are needed to reduce childhood impulsiveness. Originality/value: To the best of the authors‚Äô knowledge, this is the first-ever publication that documents the life course of impulsive males from childhood to late adulthood
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