2,090 research outputs found

    Studies on the Geology and Beneficiation of Chandak Magne-site Deposit from Pithoragarh District, Uttar Pradesh

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    Stringent operating conditions in modern steel making furnaces demand high quality basic refractories based on magnesia. Source of good quality natural magnesite cont-ains considerable amounts of SiO2 and fluxing agents. Therefore, appropriate measures are to be taken to ensure the availablity of good quality magnesite. Measures for meeting the demand of quality magnesite are follows:- i) Upgrading of the presently available natural magnesite by various beneficiation techniques ; ii) Production of high quality magnesia from sea water

    Carbon steel wettability characteristics enhancement for improved enamelling using a 1.2 kW high power diode laser

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    High-power diode laser (HPDL) surface treatment of a common engineering carbon steel(EN8) was found to effect significant changes to the wettability characteristics of the metal. These modifications have been investigated in terms of the changes in the surface roughness of the steel, the presence of any surface melting, the polar component of the steel surface energy and the relative surface oxygen content of the steel. The morphological and wetting characteristics of the mild steel and the enamel were determined using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis and wetting experiments by the sessile drop technique. This work has shown that HPDL radiation can be used to alter the wetting characteristics of carbon steel so as to facilitate improved enamelling

    The enamelling of concrete for improved performance characteristics by means of high power diode laser interaction

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    The contemporary 120 W high power diode laser (HPDL) has been successfully used for the first time to fire an enamel glaze onto the ordinary Portland cement (OPC) surface of concrete. The enamel glazes were generated with laser power densities as low as 1 kW/cm2 and at speeds of up to 780 mm/min, yielding a possible maximum coverage rate of 0.34 m2/h. The enamel glazes were typically 750 m in thickness and displayed no discernible microcracks or porosities. Owing to the wettability characteristics of the OPC, it proved necessary to laser treat the OPC surface prior to firing the enamel. Mechanical testing of the HPDL fired enamel glazes revealed that the average rupture strength was 2.8 J, whilst the rupture strength of the untreated OPC surface was some 4.3 J. The average bond strength of the glaze was recorded as 2.4 MPa as opposed to 6.3 MPa for the untreated OPC. The HPDL fired enamel glazes exhibited exceptional wear and corrosion resistance, wearing by only 3.3 mg/cm2 after 8 h and showing no discernible morphological or microstructural changes when exposed to acid, alkali and detergent. In contrast, the untreated OPC surface was attacked almost immediately by the reagents used and was worn by 78 mg/cm2 after 8 h. In addition, the HPDL fired enamel glaze afforded the concrete bulk complete resistance to water absorption. The findings of life assessment testing revealed that the HPDL fired enamel glaze effected an increase in the wear life of the concrete by 4.5 to 52.7 times over an untreated OPC surface, depending on the corrosive environment

    Level Density of a Bose Gas and Extreme Value Statistics

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    We establish a connection between the level density of a gas of non-interacting bosons and the theory of extreme value statistics. Depending on the exponent that characterizes the growth of the underlying single-particle spectrum, we show that at a given excitation energy the limiting distribution function for the number of excited particles follows the three universal distribution laws of extreme value statistics, namely Gumbel, Weibull and Fr\'echet. Implications of this result, as well as general properties of the level density at different energies, are discussed.Comment: 4 pages, no figure

    Application of dissociation curve analysis to radiation hybrid panel marker scoring: generation of a map of river buffalo (B. bubalis) chromosome 20

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    <p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Fluorescence of dyes bound to double-stranded PCR products has been utilized extensively in various real-time quantitative PCR applications, including post-amplification dissociation curve analysis, or differentiation of amplicon length or sequence composition. Despite the current era of whole-genome sequencing, mapping tools such as radiation hybrid DNA panels remain useful aids for sequence assembly, focused resequencing efforts, and for building physical maps of species that have not yet been sequenced. For placement of specific, individual genes or markers on a map, low-throughput methods remain commonplace. Typically, PCR amplification of DNA from each panel cell line is followed by gel electrophoresis and scoring of each clone for the presence or absence of PCR product. To improve sensitivity and efficiency of radiation hybrid panel analysis in comparison to gel-based methods, we adapted fluorescence-based real-time PCR and dissociation curve analysis for use as a novel scoring method.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>As proof of principle for this dissociation curve method, we generated new maps of river buffalo (<it>Bubalus bubalis</it>) chromosome 20 by both dissociation curve analysis and conventional marker scoring. We also obtained sequence data to augment dissociation curve results. Few genes have been previously mapped to buffalo chromosome 20, and sequence detail is limited, so 65 markers were screened from the orthologous chromosome of domestic cattle. Thirty bovine markers (46%) were suitable as cross-species markers for dissociation curve analysis in the buffalo radiation hybrid panel under a standard protocol, compared to 25 markers suitable for conventional typing. Computational analysis placed 27 markers on a chromosome map generated by the new method, while the gel-based approach produced only 20 mapped markers. Among 19 markers common to both maps, the marker order on the map was maintained perfectly.</p> <p>Conclusion</p> <p>Dissociation curve analysis is reliable and efficient for radiation hybrid panel scoring, and is more sensitive and robust than conventional gel-based typing methods. Several markers could be scored only by the new method, and ambiguous scores were reduced. PCR-based dissociation curve analysis decreases both time and resources needed for construction of radiation hybrid panel marker maps and represents a significant improvement over gel-based methods in any species.</p

    Study of MicroPattern Gaseous detectors with novel nanodiamond based photocathodes for single photon detection in EIC RICH

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    Identification of high momentum hadrons at the future EIC is crucial, gaseous RICH detectors are therefore viable option. Compact collider setups impose to construct RICHes with small radiator length, hence significantly limiting the number of detected photons. More photons can be detected in the far UV region, using a windowless RICH approach. QE of CsI degrades under strong irradiation and air contamination. Nanodiamond based photocathodes (PCs) are being developed as an alternative to CsI. Recent development of layers of hydrogenated nanodiamond powders as an alternative photosensitive material and their performance, when coupled to the THick Gaseous Electron Multipliers (THGEM)-based detectors, are the objects of an ongoing R\&D. We report about the initial phase of our studies.Comment: 3 pages, 5 figures, RICH2018 conference proceedin
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