44 research outputs found

    Breakdown and asymptotic properties of resampled estimates

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    In this paper we study the breakdown and asymptotic properties of resampled t-estimates. We find that they retain the finite breakdown point of the exact estimator. We also study their consistency and their order of convergence under nonstandard assumptions on the loss functions

    MAGIC VHE Gamma-Ray Observations Of Binary Systems

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    There are several types of Galactic sources that can potentially accelerate charged particles up to GeV and TeV energies. We present here the results of our observations of the source class of gamma-ray binaries and the subclass of binary systems known as novae with the MAGIC telescopes. Up to now novae were only detected in the GeV range. This emission can be interpreted in terms of an inverse Compton process of electrons accelerated in a shock. In this case it is expected that protons in the same conditions can be accelerated to much higher energies. Consequently they may produce a second component in the gamma-ray spectrum at TeV energies. The focus here lies on the four sources: nova V339 Del, SS433, LS I +61 303 and V404 Cygni. The binary system LS I +61 303 was observed in a long-term monitoring campaign for 8 years. We show the newest results on our search for superorbital variability, also in context with contemporaneous optical observations. Furthermore, we present the observations of the only super-critical accretion system known in our galaxy: SS433. Finally, the results of the follow-up observations of the microquasar V404 Cygni during a series of outbursts in the X-ray band and the ones of the nova V339 Del will be discussed in these proceedings.Comment: Proceedings of the 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC 2017), Bexco, Busan, Korea (arXiv:1708.05153

    The star forming region Monoceros R2 as a gamma-ray source

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    Context. After the release of the gamma-ray source catalog produced by the Fermi satellite during its first two years of operation, a significant fraction of sources still remain unassociated at lower energies. In addition to well-known high-energy emitters (pulsars, blazars, supernova remnants, etc.), theoretical expectations predict new classes of gamma-ray sources. In particular, gamma-ray emission could be associated with some of the early phases of stellar evolution, but this interesting possibility is still poorly understood. Aims. The aim of this paper is to assess the possibility of the Fermi gamma-ray source 2FGL J0607.5-0618c being associated with the massive star forming region Monoceros R2. Methods. A multi-wavelength analysis of the Monoceros R2 region is carried out using archival data at radio, infrared, X-ray, and gamma-ray wavelengths. The resulting observational properties are used to estimate the physical parameters needed to test the different physical scenarios. Results. We confirm the 2FGL J0607.5-0618c detection with improved confidence over the Fermi two-year catalog. We find that a combined effect of the multiple young stellar objects in Monoceros R2 is a viable picture for the nature of the source.Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y GeofísicasInstituto Argentino de Radioastronomí

    Intervenci√≥n en el control inhibitorio en ni√Īos con y sin trastorno de lenguaje dentro del aula

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    El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el impacto de una intervenci√≥n escolar en control inhibitorio llevada a cabo dentro de diversas aulas de segundo ciclo de primaria (9-11 a√Īos) que ten√≠an alumnos con Trastorno del Desarrollo del Lenguaje (n = 5) o dislexia (n = 4) y sus compa√Īeros de aula sin dificultades (n = 6). El dise√Īo sigui√≥ un modelo pre-post intervenci√≥n con las variables dependientes fluidez verbal, memoria fonol√≥gica y control inhibitorio. La intervenci√≥n consisti√≥ en ocho sesiones de 10 minutos a todo el grupo clase, dos por semana durante cuatro semanas, m√°s una sesi√≥n larga de 1 hora en grupo peque√Īo en medio de las sesiones, en las que se realizaba actividades basadas en diferentes tareas de control inhibitorio (‚ÄúStroop‚ÄĚ, ‚ÄúGo-no go‚ÄĚ, ‚ÄúPlots‚ÄĚ, ‚ÄúSimon, ...). Los ni√Īos con TDL y dislexia mostraron una puntuaci√≥nm√°s baja en memoria fonol√≥gica antes de la intervenci√≥n. La intervenci√≥n s√≥lo tuvo efecto en una leve mejora en todos los grupos en la memoria fonol√≥gica. Sin embargo, las comparaciones entre los grupos post-intervenci√≥n mostraron puntuaciones significativamente m√°s bajas en el grupo TDL respecto a los otros dos en fluencia verbal y control inhibitorio, que pueden indicar una posible mejor√≠a de los grupos de dislexia y sin dificultades en estas variables. En conclusi√≥n, la intervenci√≥n tuvo un escaso efecto, especialmente en el grupo con TDL. Se requieren m√°s trabajos con un mayor n√ļmero de participantes y de sesiones de intervenci√≥n para poder corroborar la falta de efecto espec√≠fico sobre el control inhibitorio y la fluencia verbal en los grupos intervenidosThe aim of this work was to assess the effect of classroom intervention in the inhibitory control carried out in different classrooms of primary scholars (9-11 years) that had students with Development Language Disorder (n = 5) or dyslexia (n = 4) and their classmates without difficulties (n = 6). The design followed a pre-post intervention model over verbal fluency, phonological memory and inhibitory control. The intervention consisted of eight 10-minute sessions for the entire class group, two per week during four weeks, plus a 1-hour long session with small groups in the middle of the sessions, with activities based on different inhibitory control tasks (‚ÄúStroop‚ÄĚ, ‚ÄúGo-no go‚ÄĚ, ‚ÄúPlots‚ÄĚ, ‚ÄúSimon‚ÄĚ,...). Children with DLD and dyslexia showed a lower phonological memory score before the intervention. The intervention only had a slight effect on phonological memory in all the groups. However, the post-intervention comparison between groups showed lower scores of verbal fluency and inhibitory control in the DLD group compared to the other two, which may indicate a possible improvement in these variables in dyslexia and typical development children groups. In conclusion, the intervention had a scarce effect, especially in the DLD group. Further, works including a larger number of participants and intervention sessions might help elucidate reasons why the present work does not show specific improvements in inhibitory control and fluency after the interventio

    The star forming region Monoceros R2 as a gamma-ray source

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    Context. After the release of the gamma-ray source catalog produced by the Fermi satellite during its first two years of operation, a significant fraction of sources still remain unassociated at lower energies. In addition to well-known high-energy emitters (pulsars, blazars, supernova remnants, etc.), theoretical expectations predict new classes of gamma-ray sources. In particular, gamma-ray emission could be associated with some of the early phases of stellar evolution, but this interesting possibility is still poorly understood. Aims. The aim of this paper is to assess the possibility of the Fermi gamma-ray source 2FGL J0607.5-0618c being associated with the massive star forming region Monoceros R2. Methods. A multi-wavelength analysis of the Monoceros R2 region is carried out using archival data at radio, infrared, X-ray, and gamma-ray wavelengths. The resulting observational properties are used to estimate the physical parameters needed to test the different physical scenarios. Results. We confirm the 2FGL J0607.5-0618c detection with improved confidence over the Fermi two-year catalog. We find that a combined effect of the multiple young stellar objects in Monoceros R2 is a viable picture for the nature of the source.Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y GeofísicasInstituto Argentino de Radioastronomí

    Comisi√≥n de Ense√Īanza de Posgrado Informe 2

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    Segunda dimensión de análisis transversal: Integración con el medio (interinstitucional).Fil: Adrover, Jorge. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Ateca, María Rosa. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Baruzzi, Ana María. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Berti, Agustín. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Castro, Alejandra María. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Corral Briones, Graciela. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Dalmasso, Eduardo. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Guzmán, Claudia. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Kisbye, Noemí Patricia. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Lescano De Ferrer, Alfonsina. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Spadiliero De Lutri, Mirta. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina.Fil: Valentich, Mirta. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; Argentina

    The star forming region Monoceros R2 as a gamma-ray source

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    Context. After the release of the gamma-ray source catalog produced by the Fermi satellite during its first two years of operation, a significant fraction of sources still remain unassociated at lower energies. In addition to well-known high-energy emitters (pulsars, blazars, supernova remnants, etc.), theoretical expectations predict new classes of gamma-ray sources. In particular, gamma-ray emission could be associated with some of the early phases of stellar evolution, but this interesting possibility is still poorly understood. Aims. The aim of this paper is to assess the possibility of the Fermi gamma-ray source 2FGL J0607.5-0618c being associated with the massive star forming region Monoceros R2. Methods. A multi-wavelength analysis of the Monoceros R2 region is carried out using archival data at radio, infrared, X-ray, and gamma-ray wavelengths. The resulting observational properties are used to estimate the physical parameters needed to test the different physical scenarios. Results. We confirm the 2FGL J0607.5-0618c detection with improved confidence over the Fermi two-year catalog. We find that a combined effect of the multiple young stellar objects in Monoceros R2 is a viable picture for the nature of the source.Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y GeofísicasInstituto Argentino de Radioastronomí

    Deficient endoplasmic reticulum-mitochondrial phosphatidylserine transfer causes liver disease

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    Non-alcoholic fatty liver is the most common liver disease worldwide. Here, we show that the mitochondrial protein mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) protects against liver disease. Reduced Mfn2 expression was detected in liver biopsies from patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Moreover, reduced Mfn2 levels were detected in mouse models of steatosis or NASH, and its re-expression in a NASH mouse model ameliorated the disease. Liver-specific ablation of Mfn2 in mice provoked inflammation, triglyceride accumulation, fibrosis, and liver cancer. We demonstrate that Mfn2 binds phosphatidylserine (PS) and can specifically extract PS into membrane domains, favoring PS transfer to mitochondria and mitochondrial phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) synthesis. Consequently, hepatic Mfn2 deficiency reduces PS transfer and phospholipid synthesis, leading to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and the development of a NASH-like phenotype and liver cancer. Ablation of Mfn2 in liver reveals that disruption of ER-mitochondrial PS transfer is a new mechanism involved in the development of liver disease

    A Neutrophil Timer Coordinates Immune Defense and Vascular Protection

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    Neutrophils eliminate pathogens efficiently but can inflict severe damage to the host if they over-activate within blood vessels. It is unclear how immunity solves the dilemma of mounting an efficient anti-microbial defense while preserving vascular health. Here, we identify a neutrophil-intrinsic program that enabled both. The gene Bmal1 regulated expression of the chemokine CXCL2 to induce chemokine receptor CXCR2-dependent diurnal changes in the transcriptional and migratory properties of circulating neutrophils. These diurnal alterations, referred to as neutrophil aging, were antagonized by CXCR4 (C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4) and regulated the outer topology of neutrophils to favor homeostatic egress from blood vessels at night, resulting in boosted anti-microbial activity in tissues. Mice engineered for constitutive neutrophil aging became resistant to infection, but the persistence of intravascular aged neutrophils predisposed them to thrombo-inflammation and death. Thus, diurnal compartmentalization of neutrophils, driven by an internal timer, coordinates immune defense and vascular protection. Neutrophils display circadian oscillations in numbers and phenotype in the circulation. Adrover and colleagues now identify the molecular regulators of neutrophil aging and show that genetic disruption of this process has major consequences in immune cell trafficking, anti-microbial defense, and vascular health.This study was supported by Intramural grants from A‚ąóSTAR to L.G.N., BES-2013-065550 to J.M.A., BES-2010-032828 to M.C.-A, and JCI-2012-14147 to L.A.W (all from Ministerio de Econom√≠a, Industria y Competitividad; MEIC). Additional MEIC grants were SAF2014-61993-EXP to C.L.-R.; SAF2015-68632-R to M.A.M. and SAF-2013-42920R and SAF2016-79040Rto D.S. D.S. also received 635122-PROCROP H2020 from the European Commission and ERC CoG 725091 from the European Research Council (ERC). ERC AdG 692511 PROVASC from the ERC and SFB1123-A1 from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft were given to C.W.; MHA VD1.2/81Z1600212 from the German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK) was given to C.W. and O.S.; SFB1123-A6 was given to O.S.; SFB914-B08 was given to O.S. and C.W.; and INST 211/604-2, ZA 428/12-1, and ZA 428/13-1 were given to A.Z. This study was also supported by PI12/00494 from Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias (FIS) to C.M.; PI13/01979, Cardiovascular Network grant RD 12/0042/0054, and CIBERCV to B.I.; SAF2015-65607-R, SAF2013-49662-EXP, and PCIN-2014-103 from MEIC; and co-funding by Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) to A.H. The CNIC is supported by the MEIC and the Pro CNIC Foundation and is a Severo Ochoa Center of Excellence (MEIC award SEV-2015-0505)

    A Neutrophil Timer Coordinates Immune Defense and Vascular Protection

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    Neutrophils eliminate pathogens efficiently but can inflict severe damage to the host if they over-activate within blood vessels. It is unclear how immunity solves the dilemma of mounting an efficient anti-microbial defense while preserving vascular health. Here, we identify a neutrophil-intrinsic program that enabled both. The gene Bmal1 regulated expression of the chemokine CXCL2 to induce chemokine receptor CXCR2-dependent diurnal changes in the transcriptional and migratory properties of circulating neutrophils. These diurnal alterations, referred to as neutrophil aging, were antagonized by CXCR4 (C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4) and regulated the outer topology of neutrophils to favor homeostatic egress from blood vessels at night, resulting in boosted anti-microbial activity in tissues. Mice engineered for constitutive neutrophil aging became resistant to infection, but the persistence of intravascular aged neutrophils predisposed them to thrombo-inflammation and death. Thus, diurnal compartmentalization of neutrophils, driven by an internal timer, coordinates immune defense and vascular protection.We thank all members of the Hidalgo Lab for discussion and insightful comments; J.M. Ligos, R. Nieto, and M. Viton for help with sorting and cytometric analyses; I. Ortega and E. Santos for animal husbandry; D. Rico, M.J. Gomez, C. Torroja, and F. Sanchez-Cabo for insightful comments and help with transcriptomic analyses; V. Labrador, E. Arza, A.M. Santos, and the Microscopy Unit of the CNIC for help with microscopy; S. Aznar-Benitah, U. Albrecht, Q.-J. Meng, B. Staels, and H. Duez for the generous gift of mice; J.A. Enriquez and J. Avila for scientific insights; and J.M. Garcia and A. Diez de la Cortina for art. This study was supported by Intramural grants from A* STAR to L.G.N., BES-2013-065550 to J.M.A., BES-2010-032828 to M.C.-A, and JCI-2012-14147 to L.A.W (all from Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Competitividad; MEIC). Additional MEIC grants were SAF2014-61993-EXP to C.L.-R.; SAF2015-68632-R to M.A.M. and SAF-2013-42920R and SAF2016-79040Rto D.S. D.S. also received 635122-PROCROP H2020 from the European Commission and ERC CoG 725091 from the European Research Council (ERC). ERC AdG 692511 PROVASC from the ERC and SFB1123-A1 from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft were given to C.W.; MHA VD1.2/81Z1600212 from the German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK) was given to C.W. and O.S.; SFB1123-A6 was given to O.S.; SFB914-B08 was given to O.S. and C.W.; and INST 211/604-2, ZA 428/12-1, and ZA 428/13-1 were given to A.Z. This study was also supported by PI12/00494 from Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias (FIS) to C.M.; PI13/01979, Cardiovascular Network grant RD 12/0042/0054, and CIBERCV to B.I.; SAF2015-65607-R, SAF2013-49662-EXP, and PCIN-2014-103 from MEIC; and co-funding by Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) to A.H. The CNIC is supported by the MEIC and the Pro CNIC Foundation and is a Severo Ochoa Center of Excellence (MEIC award SEV-2015-0505).S
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