4,393 research outputs found

    New Physics at 1 TeV?

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    If decays of a heavy particle S are responsible for the diphoton excess with invariant mass 750 GeV observed at the 13 TeV LHC run, it can be easily accomodated in the Standard Model. Two scenarios are considered: production in gluon fusion through a loop of heavy isosinglet quark(s) and production in photon fusion through a loop of heavy isosinglet leptons. In the second case many heavy leptons are needed or/and they should have large electric charges in order to reproduce experimental data on σ(pp→SX)⋅Br(S→γγ)\sigma(pp \to SX) \cdot \mathrm{Br}(S \to \gamma \gamma).Comment: 7 pages, 4 figures, 1 tabl

    Extending the Higgs sector: an extra singlet

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    An extension of the Standard Model with an additional Higgs singlet is analyzed. Bounds on singlet admixture in 125 GeV h boson from electroweak radiative corrections and data on h production and decays are obtained. Possibility of double h production enhancement at 14 TeV LHC due to heavy higgs contribution is considered.Comment: 18 pages, 7 figures. v2: one equation added; references received after the publication of v1 are adde

    TPC cross-talk correction: CERN-Dubna-Milano algorithm and results

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    The CDM (CERN-Dubna-Milano) algorithm for TPC Xtalk correction is presented and discussed in detail. It is a data-driven, model-independent approach to the problem of Xtalk correction. It accounts for arbitrary amplitudes and pulse shapes of signals, and corrects (almost) all generations of Xtalk, with a view to handling (almost) correctly even complex multi-track events. Results on preamp amplification and preamp linearity from the analysis of test-charge injection data of all six TPC sectors are presented. The minimal expected error on the measurement of signal charges in the TPC is discussed. Results are given on the application of the CDM Xtalk correction to test-charge events and krypton events

    Performance of TPC crosstalk correction

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    The performance of the CERN-Dubna-Milano (CDM) algorithm for TPC crosstalk correction is presented. The algorithm is designed to correct for uni-directional and bi-directional crosstalk, but not for self-crosstalk. It reduces at the 10% level the number of clusters, and the number of pads with a signal above threshold. Despite of dramatic effects in selected channels with complicated crosstalk patterns, the average longitudinal signal shape of a hit, and the average transverse signal shape of a cluster, are little affected by uni-directional and bi-directional crosstalk. The longitudinal signal shape of hits is understood in terms of preamplifier response, longitudinal diffusion, track inclination, and self-crosstalk. The transverse signal shape of clusters is understood in terms of the TPC's pad response function. The CDM crosstalk correction leads to an average charge decrease at the level of 15%, though with significant differences between TPC sectors. On the whole, crosstalk constitutes a relatively benign malfunction of the TPC readout which, after correction by the CDM algorithm and with proper attention to self-crosstalk, is not an obstacle to progress with physics analysis

    On TPC cluster reconstruction

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    For a bias-free momentum measurement of TPC tracks, the correct determination of cluster positions is mandatory. We argue in particular that (i) the reconstruction of the entire longitudinal signal shape in view of longitudinal diffusion, electronic pulse shaping, and track inclination is important both for the polar angle reconstruction and for optimum r phi resolution; and that (ii) self-crosstalk of pad signals calls for special measures for the reconstruction of the z coordinate. The problem of 'shadow clusters' is resolved. Algorithms are presented for accepting clusters as 'good' clusters, and for the reconstruction of the r phi and z cluster coordinates, including provisions for 'bad' pads and pads next to sector boundaries, respectively

    Two-photon physics at future electron-positron colliders

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    Two photon collisions offer a variety of physics studies that can be performed at the future electron-positron colliders. Using the planned CEPC parameters as a benchmark we consider several topics to be studied in the two-photon collisions. With the full integrated luminosity the Higgs boson photoproduction can be reliably observed. A large statistics of various quarkonium states can be collected. The LEP results on the photon structure function and the tau lepton anomalous magnetic moment can be improved by 1-2 orders of magnitude

    Water data: bad TPC pads, 3.6 ”s and 100 ns problems

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    Out of the 3972 pads of the HARP TPC, about 9% are 'bad' and not useful for the correct reconstruction of clusters. Bad pads comprise dead pads, noisy pads, and pads with low or undefined amplification. Pads may be bad at one time, but not at another. This memo discusses the sources of information which were used to declare a pad 'bad', and gives the list of bad pads for the water data (runs 19146 to 19301). Also, the 3.6 ”s and 100 ns problems of the TPC readout are discussed, including the corrective measures which have been taken

    Revisiting the 'LSND anomaly' II: critique of the data analysis

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    This paper, together with a preceding paper, questions the so-called 'LSND anomaly': a 3.8 sigma excess of antielectronneutrino interactions over standard backgrounds, observed by the LSND Collaboration in a beam dump experiment with 800 MeV protons. That excess has been interpreted as evidence for the antimuonneutrino to antielectronneutrino oscillation in the \Deltam2 range from 0.2 eV2 to 2 eV2. Such a \Deltam2 range is incompatible with the widely accepted model of oscillations between three light neutrino species and would require the existence of at least one light 'sterile' neutrino. In a preceding paper, it was concluded that the estimates of standard backgrounds must be significantly increased. In this paper, the LSND Collaboration's estimate of the number of antielectronneutrino interactions followed by neutron capture, and of its error, is questioned. The overall conclusion is that the significance of the 'LSND anomaly' is not larger than 2.3 sigma.Comment: 30 pages, 16 figures, 6 table