5,058 research outputs found

    A two-dimensional soliton system of vortex and Q-ball

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    The (2 + 1)-dimensional gauge model describing two complex scalar fields that interact through a common Abelian gauge field is considered. It is shown that the model has a soliton solution that describes a system consisting of a vortex and a Q-ball. This two-dimensional system is electrically neutral, nevertheless it possesses a nonzero electric field. Moreover, the soliton system has a quantized magnetic flux and a nonzero angular momentum. Properties of this vortex-Q-ball system are investigated by analytical and numerical methods. It is found that the system combines properties of topological and nontopological solitons.Comment: 7 pages with 5 figure

    On a construction of self-dual gauge fields in seven dimensions

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    We consider gauge fields associated with a semisimple Malcev algebra. We construct a gauge-invariant Lagrangian and found a solution of modified Yang-Mills equations in seven dimensions.Comment: 10 pages, LaTeX, no figure

    Incoherent pion photoproduction on the deuteron in the first resonance region

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    Incoherent pion photoproduction on the deuteron is studied in the first resonance region. The unpolarized cross section, the beam asymmetry, and the vector and tensor target asymmetries are calculated in the framework of a diagrammatic approach. Pole diagrams and one-loop diagrams with NNNN scattering in the final state are taken into account. An elementary operator for pion photoproduction on the nucleon is taken in various on-shell forms and calculated using the SAID and MAID multipole analyses. Model dependence of the obtained results is discussed in some detail. A comparison with predictions of other works is given. Although a reasonable description of many available experimental data on the unpolarized total and differential cross sections and photon asymmetry has been achieved, in some cases a significant disagreement between the theory and experiment has been found. Invoking known information on the reactions γdπ0d\gamma d\to\pi^0 d and γdnp\gamma d\to np we predict the total photoabsorption cross section for deuterium. We find that our values strongly overestimate experimental data in the vicinity of the Δ\Delta peak.Comment: 22 pages, 23 figure

    Incoherent pion photoproduction on the deuteron with polarization observables I: Formal expressions

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    Formal expressions are developed for the general five-fold differential cross section of incoherent π\pi-photoproduction on the deuteron including beam and target polarization. The polarization observables of the cross section are described by various beam, target and beam-target asymmetries for polarized photons and/or polarized deuterons. They are given as bilinear hermitean forms in the reaction matrix elements divided by the unpolarized cross section. In addition, the corresponding observables for the semi-exclusive reaction d(γ,π)NN\vec d(\vec \gamma,\pi)NN are also given.Comment: 11 pages, 1 figur