61,289 research outputs found

    The ATLAS Trigger System Commissioning and Performance

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    The ATLAS trigger has been used very successfully to collect collision data during 2009 and 2010 LHC running at centre of mass energies of 900 GeV, 2.36 TeV, and 7 TeV. This paper presents the ongoing work to commission the ATLAS trigger with proton collisions, including an overview of the performance of the trigger based on extensive online running. We describe how the trigger has evolved with increasing LHC luminosity and give a brief overview of plans for forthcoming LHC running.Comment: Poster at Hadron Collider Physics, Aug 2010, Toronto, Canada 4 pages, 6 figure

    Noncommutative geometry and compactifications of the moduli space of curves

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    RLUIPA Is A Bridge Too Far: Inconvenience Is Not Discrimination

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    The Black Hole Particle Accelerator as a Machine to make Baby Universes

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    General relativity predicts that the inner horizon of an astronomically realistic rotating black hole is subject to the mass inflation instability. The inflationary instability acts like a gravity-powered particle accelerator of extraordinary power, accelerating accreted streams of particles along the principal outgoing and ingoing null directions at the inner horizon to collision energies that would, if nothing intervened, typically exceed exponentially the Planck energy. The inflationary instability is fueled by ongoing accretion, and is occurring inevitably in essentially every black hole in our Universe. This extravagant machine, the Black Hole Particle Accelerator, has the hallmarks of a device to make baby universes. Since collisions are most numerous inside supermassive black holes, reproductive efficiency requires our Universe to make supermassive black holes efficiently, as is observed.Comment: 7 pages, 2 figures. NO honorable mention in the 2013 Essay Competition of the Gravity Research Foundatio

    Nonlinear Cosmological Power Spectra in Real and Redshift--Space

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    We present an expression for the nonlinear evolution of the cosmological power spectrum based on following Lagrangian trajectories. This is simplified using the Zel'dovich approximation to trace particle displacements, assuming Gaussian initial conditions. The model is found to exhibit the transfer of power from large to small scales expected in self- gravitating fields. We have extended this analysis into redshift-space and found a solution for the nonlinear, anisotropic redshift-space power spectrum in the limit of plane--parallel redshift distortions. The quadrupole-to- monopole ratio is calculated for the case of power-law initial spectra. We find that the shape of this ratio depends on the shape of the initial spectrum, but when scaled to linear theory depends only weakly on the redshift-space distortion parameter, β\beta. The point of zero-crossing of the quadrupole, k0k_0, is found to obey a scaling relation. This model is found to be in agreement with NN-body simulations on scales down to the zero-crossing of the quadrupole, although the wavenumber at zero-crossing is underestimated. These results are applied to the quadrupole--monopole ratio found in the merged QDOT+1.2 Jy IRAS redshift survey. We have estimated that the distortion parameter is constrained to be β>0.5\beta>0.5 at the 95%95 \% level. The local primordial spectral slope is not well constrained, but analysis suggests n2n \approx -2 in the translinear regime. The zero-crossing scale of the quadrupole is k0=0.5±0.1h/Mpck_0=0.5 \pm 0.1 h/Mpc and from this we infer the amplitude of clustering is σ8=0.7±0.05\sigma_8=0.7 \pm 0.05. We suggest that the success of this model is due to nonlinear redshift--space effects arising from infall onto caustics and is not dominated by virialised cluster cores.Comment: 13 pages, uufiles, Latex with 6 postscript figures, submitted to MNRA

    A New \u3ci\u3eFlexamia\u3c/i\u3e (Homoptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae) From Southern Michigan

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    A new species, Flexamia huroni, is described from a prairie fen in south- eastern Michigan. This leafhopper is closely related to the western F. serrata B & T, a specialist on mat muhly (Muhlenbergia richardsonis). Like its sister species, F. huroni was found only in close association with mat muhly, a grass listed as a threatened species in Michigan and Wisconsin. The regional rarity of mat muhly, its association with a globally imperiled plant commnity (prairie fen) and the absence of F. huroni from several fens known to contain this grass, make this new Flexamia a strong candidate for listing as endangered in Michigan

    An asynchronous spike event coding scheme for programmable analog arrays

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    This paper presents a spike event coding scheme for the communication of analog signals in programmable analog arrays. In the scheme presented here no events are transmitted when the signals are constant leading to low power dissipation and traffic reduction in analog arrays. The design process and the implementation of the scheme in a programmable array context are explained. The validation of the presented scheme is performed using a speech signal. Finally, we demonstrate how the event coded scheme can perform summation of analog signals without additional hardware