822 research outputs found

    Probabilistic Particle Flow Algorithm for High Occupancy Environment

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    Algorithms based on the particle flow approach are becoming increasingly utilized in collider experiments due to their superior jet energy and missing energy resolution compared to the traditional calorimeter-based measurements. Such methods have been shown to work well in environments with low occupancy of particles per unit of calorimeter granularity. However, at higher instantaneous luminosity or in detectors with coarse calorimeter segmentation, the overlaps of calorimeter energy deposits from charged and neutral particles significantly complicate particle energy reconstruction, reducing the overall energy resolution of the method. We present a technique designed to resolve overlapping energy depositions of spatially close particles using a statistically consistent probabilistic procedure. The technique is nearly free of ad-hoc corrections, improves energy resolution, and provides new important handles that can improve the sensitivity of physics analyses: the uncertainty of the jet energy on an event-by-event basis and the estimate of the probability of a given particle hypothesis for a given detector response. When applied to the reconstruction of hadronic jets produced in the decays of tau leptons using the CDF-II detector at Fermilab, the method has demonstrated reliable and robust performance.Comment: Accepted by Nuclear Instruments and Methods

    Smoothness of Derived Categories of Algebras

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    We prove smoothness in the dg sense of the bounded derived category of finitely generated modules over any finite-dimensional algebra over a perfect field, hereby answering a question of Iyama. More generally, we prove this statement for any algebra over a perfect field that is finite over its center and whose center is finitely generated as an algebra. These results are deduced from a general sufficient criterion for smoothness.Comment: 32 pages, minor change

    Correction of morphofunctional disorders with asialoerythropoietin and selective inhibitor of arginase II KUD975 in cases of ischemic kidney damage in the experiment

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    Acute kidney injury (AKI), which is based on ischemic-reperfusion damage, is a widespread life-threatening condition and remains a serious public health problem with a high mortality rate among patients. Pharmacological preconditioning and the use of endothelioprotectors are promising areas in this field, therefore the purpose of this study was to analyze the nephroprotective properties of asialoerythropoietin and selective inhibitor of arginase II KUD975 in ischemic kidney damage in the experimen

    A Method to Estimate the Boson Mass and to Optimise Sensitivity to Helicity Correlations of tau+tau- Final States

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    In proton-proton collisions at LHC energies, Z and low mass Higgs bosons would be produced with high and predominantly longitudinal boost with respect to the beam axis. This note describes a new analysis tool devised to handle this situation in cases when such bosons decay to a pair of tau-leptons. The tool reconstructs the rest frame of the tau+tau- pair by finding the boost that minimises the acollinearity between the visible tau decay products. In most cases this gives a reasonable approximation to the rest frame of the decaying boson. It is shown how the reconstructed rest frame allows for a new method of mass estimation. Also a considerable gain in sensitivity to helicity correlations is obtained by analysing the tau-jets in the reconstructed frame instead of using the laboratory momenta and energies, particularly when both tau-leptons decay hadronically.Comment: 13 pages, method extended with 3D boost finde

    Cohomological descent theory for a morphism of stacks and for equivariant derived categories

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    In the paper we answer the following question: for a morphism of varieties (or, more generally, stacks), when the derived category of the base can be recovered from the derived category of the covering variety by means of descent theory? As a corollary, we show that for an action of a reductive group on a scheme, the derived category of equivariant sheaves is equivalent to the category of objects, equipped with an action of the group, in the ordinary derived category.Comment: 28 page