8,781 research outputs found

    Cooling flows in clusters of galaxies

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    The gas temperature in the cores of many clusters of galaxies drops inward by about a factor of three or more within the central 100kpc radius. The radiative cooling time drops over the same region from 5 or more Gyr down to about 10^8 yr. Although it would seem that cooling has taken place, XMM and Chandra spectra show no evidence for strong mass cooling rates of gas below 1-2 keV. Chandra images show holes coincident with radio lobes and cold fronts indicating that the core regions are complex. The observational situation is reviewed here and ways in which continued cooling may be hidden are discussed, togther with the implications for any heat source which balances radiative cooling.Comment: To appear in "Lighthouses of the Universe" eds. M. Gilfanov, R. Sunyaev et al., Springer-Verlag; 13 pages, 12 figures

    The interaction of radio sources and cooling flows

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    The X-ray emission in many clusters of galaxies shows a central peak in surface brightness coincident with a drop in temperature. These characterize a cooling flow. There is often a radio source also at the centre of such regions. Data from Chandra now enables us to map the interaction between the radio source and the intracluster medium. Preliminary work shows no sign of heating of the gas beyond the radio lobes, which are often devoid of cooler gas and so appear as holes. In the case of the Perseus cluster around 3C84, the coolest X-ray emitting gas occurs immediately around the inner radio lobes.Comment: 10 pages, 10 figures, Talk at Oxford Radio Galaxies Conference (Aug 2000
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