517,412 research outputs found

    Risk Perceptions and Risk Management Strategies in French Oyster Farming

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    The article analyses risk perception in shellfish farming as well as farmers' willingness to rely on coverage mechanisms. Factor and econometric analyses (logit and ordered multinomial logit models) have shown that a number of socio-economic factors specific to farmers and their businesses contribute to defining their degree of risk perception and reliance on management tools. Beyond the conventional self-protective mechanisms, the study will focus on farmers' willingness to rely on risk-transfer mechanisms that the market has so far failed to provide.Shellfish farmers, risk perception, logit and ordered multinomial logit models, factor analyses, coverage instruments

    General knowledge about climate change, factors influencing risk perception and willingness to insure

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    In two empirical surveys in Germany the link between the information respondents have about climate change and their risk perception of the phenomenon was analysed. We found that a better understanding of the effects of climate change might lead to a decrease of the perceived hazard. In contrast, a high self-declared knowledge about climate change might correspond with higher risk perception. Further factors affecting the risk perception of climate change are gender, experience of extreme weather events and trust in external aid. Surprisingly, information campaigns based on scientific facts are not effective for increasing risk perception and willingness to insure. Higher risk perception might induce higher interest in precautionary measures like insurance. --Climate Change,Knowledge Illusion,Insurance,Risk Perception,Information,Psychometric paradigm

    A Contingent Valuation of Customer Delay in Medical Services

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    In this study, the contingent valuation method, based on a survey of patients at medical practices, is used to estimate patients' willingness-to-pay to avoid delays in the reception area and the examination room. The maximum likelihood estimates indicate that patients' willingness-to-pay is affected by the actual waiting time rather than perception of the delay. Other factors that influence patients’ willingness-to-pay are rating of their experience at the medical practice, appointment, gender, age, health insurance, and the waiting location. The results also suggest that losses of consumer surplus due to delays at medical practices could be large, which has policy implications with respect to improvements in health care utilization in the U.S.

    Farmer Children\u27s Willingness for Dairy Farming Succession in Banyumas Regency

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    The objectives of this research were to 1) observe the age, education, farm parents\u27 cattle ownership, parents\u27 income, children\u27s perception and willingness for farming succession, and 2) investigate the relationship between age, education, farm parents\u27 cattle ownership, parents\u27 income, children\u27s perception of and willingness for farming succession. Purposive sampling was used to determine the regional sample in three districts in Banyumas regency with the most dairy cow population and were the supervised area subject to “Pesat” Milk Cooperative. Ninety respondents from 10-30 years old were determined. Result showed that farmers\u27 children had better education than the parents with average age of 21,67 years old. Average cattle ownership was 1-15 heads per household with Rp 564.167 – Rp 4.523.333monthly income. Farmers\u27 children shaped positive perception on dairy farming and had willingness for farming succession. Age was positively correlated with farming perception and willingness of the farmers\u27 children, while education was negatively correlated

    Consequences of BSE on Consumers' Attitudes, Perceptions and Willingness to Pay for Certified Beef in Spain

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    The BSE crisis has increased consumers' concerns on beef safety. Product quality systems and controls have been reinforced. Traceability certification and quality labels have been developed to communicate consumers the safety characteristics of the labelled beef and recover consumption. As a consequence, production costs have increased, which have been ultimately transmitted to consumer prices. The objective of this paper is to develop a conceptual model able to analyse main factors influencing consumers' willingness-to-pay for certified beef. A three-equation recursive model is jointly estimated. Results indicate that income, level of beef consumption, the average price consumers paid for beef and beef safety perception are main determinants of Spanish consumers' willingness- to-pay for certified beef.Certified beef, willingness-to-pay, attitudes, food safety, Consumer/Household Economics, Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety,

    Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kemauan Membayar Pajak Wajib Pajak Orang Pribadi yang Melakukan Pekerjaan Bebas (Studi Empiris Pada Kantor Pelayanan Pajak Pratama Sukoharjo)

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    This research was entitled “Factors Affecting the Willingness To Pay Tax Individual Tax Payers Are Doing Independent (Case Study at KPP Pratama sukoharjo)”. This study was aimed to analyze the effect of taxpayer awareness, knowledge and understanding of tax regulations, perception of tax system affectivity, tax services quality, taxpayer percepyiom to the felt lease benefit, and the confidence level of the system administration and law on the willingness to pay tax individual tax payers are doing independent personal service in KPP Pratama Sukoharjo. The research was using survey quantitave research methods with questionnaire. The population was taxpayer which doing independent what elisted ini kpp pratama sukoharjo. Sampling was done by the methid of accidental sampling with 100 samples thas determined of slovin formula. Model of data analysis used in this study was a multiple linear regression analysis. Based on the research results get obtained that conducted, found the coefficient of determination (Adj. R2) OF 0.398. That means 39,8% of the willingness to pay taxes influenced by taxpayer awareness, knowledge and understanding of tax regulations, perception of tax system affectivity, tax services quality, taxpayer perception to the felt lease benefit, and the confidence level of the system administration and law. The independent variable in this study taxpayer awareness, knowledge and understanding of tax regulations, perception of tax system affectivity, tax services quality, taxpayer perception to the felt lease benefit, and the confidence level of the system administration and law had a significant influence on the willingness to pay tax individual tax payers are doing independent personal services (p < 0,05). Keyword : taxpayer awareness, knowledge and understanding of tax regulations, perception of tax system affectivity, tax services quality, taxpayer perception to the felt lease benefit, and the confidence level of the system administration and law, the willingness to pay tax individual tax payers are doing independent personal services

    Consumer’s attitudes and willingness-to-pay for Green food in Beijing

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    A survey in random-selected supermarkets in Beijing, the capital city of China, is reported to identify the attitudes and perceptions of consumers toward green-labeled milk, as well as their willingness to pay (WTP) for it, and to determine the factors that affect their WTP. The study reveals that the majority of households are quite familiar with green food and most of them take positive attitudes towards them, while with certain anxieties. Both remarkable preferences for location and branding in milk purchase and neglects for quality and safety are found in the consumers’ purchase pattern. The willingness to pay are concentrated in a range of 5 - 10 percent premium than ordinary milk, and age, the perception of green food and the access to information serve as the main factors influencing WTP value

    Measuring Market Potential for Fresh Organic Fruit and Vegetable in Ghana

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    This paper examines the market potential for fresh organic lettuce and water melon with a recently collected data on consumers from Kumasi metropolis of Ghana. Using a doublebounded dichotomous choice contingent valuation technique, consumer’s willingness to pay is estimated with a Tobit model to address the zero willingness to pay responses in the sample data. As much as 71% of the consumers are willing to pay over 50% price premiums for organic vegetables and over 82% are willing to pay 1%–50% price premiums for organic fruits. The empirical results indicate that human capital, product attributes and consumer perception influence consumers’ willing to pay for organic food products. The estimated market potential for organic fruit is GH±32,117,113 (US26,453,433)perannumandthatoforganicvegetableisGH±1,991,224(US 26,453,433) per annum and that of organic vegetable is GH±1,991,224 (US1,640,083) per annum suggesting a huge market potential for organic fruits in Ghana.Willingness to Pay, Price Premium, Organic Products, Consumer Perception, Market Potential, Africa, Crop Production/Industries,

    Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kemauan Membayar Pajak Wajib Pajak Orang Pribadi yang Melakukan Pekerjaan Bebas

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    This study aimed to analyze the factors which affect the willingness to pay taxes. Variables used in this research is the willingness to pay taxes as a dependent variable, pay taxes awareness, knowledge and understanding of tax laws, the perception of the effectiveness of the tax system as independent variables.This study uses a quantitative method where the data obtained from the questionnaire with purposive random sampling method. Analysis of the data in this study using multiple linear regression with SPSS for Windows.The results of this study are as follows: (1) awareness of paying taxes positive and significant effect on the willingness to pay taxes, (2) knowledge and understanding of regulations, taxation positive and significant effect on the willingness to pay taxes, (3) the perception of the effectiveness of the tax system positive and significant effect on the willingness to pay taxes

    ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEMAUAN MEMBAYAR PAJAK WAJIB PAJAK ORANG PRIBADI YANG MELAKUKAN PEKERJAAN BEBAS (Studi Pada KPP Kabupaten Batang)

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    This study aimed to analyze the factors which affect the willingness to pay taxes. Variables used in this research is the willingness to pay taxes as a dependent variable, pay taxes awareness, knowledge and understanding of tax laws, the perception of the effectiveness of the tax system as independent variables. This study uses a quantitative method where the data obtained from the questionnaire with purposive random sampling method. Analysis of the data in this study using multiple linear regression with SPSS for Windows. The results of this study are as follows: (1) awareness of paying taxes positive and significant effect on the willingness to pay taxes, (2) knowledge and understanding of regulations, taxation positive and significant effect on the willingness to pay taxes, (3) the perception of the effectiveness of the tax system positive and significant effect on the willingness to pay taxes
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