2,241 research outputs found

    Harmonious Living: Sustainability, Ecology, and Eco-Islam in Wales

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    This thesis is an in-depth examination of Eco-Islam in Wales. Eco-Islam refers to the conceptual intersection of Islamic principles with environmental and ecological concerns. It is not necessarily a formalised movement with a centralised structure but rather a broader concept that explores the compatibility between Islamic teachings and environmental stewardship. It emphasises the idea that Islamic values and ethics can be applied to address contemporary environmental challenges. This dissertation addresses the question of the normative influence of Islamic environmental principles and their implementation within Welsh Muslim communities and Welsh society. More generally, this thesis is embedded in the academic discourse on the normative role and agency of religions in motivating their members to engage in proenvironmental behaviour. Given the urgency of the environmental crisis facing humanity, which requires a concerted effort from all sectors of society, the research question of this thesis is particularly relevant. Furthermore, despite the growing body of literature on ecology and Islam, there has been little research on the practical implementation of Islamic teachings on nature. Therefore, whilst giving a comprehensive overview of Islamic environmental ethics based on a literature review, the thesis also provides research data on the Eco-Islam movement based on fieldwork conducted in Wales. Particular attention is paid to the social and power structures that contribute to or hinder the development of a Muslim environmental movement. The study provides practical recommendations for better cooperation between faith communities and the (still) predominantly secular environmental movement, with particular attention to the challenges faced by minority communities such as the Muslim communities in Wales

    Displacement and the Humanities: Manifestos from the Ancient to the Present

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    This is the final version. Available on open access from MDPI via the DOI in this recordThis is a reprint of articles from the Special Issue published online in the open access journal Humanities (ISSN 2076-0787) (available at: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/humanities/special_issues/Manifestos Ancient Present)This volume brings together the work of practitioners, communities, artists and other researchers from multiple disciplines. Seeking to provoke a discourse around displacement within and beyond the field of Humanities, it positions historical cases and debates, some reaching into the ancient past, within diverse geo-chronological contexts and current world urgencies. In adopting an innovative dialogic structure, between practitioners on the ground - from architects and urban planners to artists - and academics working across subject areas, the volume is a proposition to: remap priorities for current research agendas; open up disciplines, critically analysing their approaches; address the socio-political responsibilities that we have as scholars and practitioners; and provide an alternative site of discourse for contemporary concerns about displacement. Ultimately, this volume aims to provoke future work and collaborations - hence, manifestos - not only in the historical and literary fields, but wider research concerned with human mobility and the challenges confronting people who are out of place of rights, protection and belonging

    Facing the storm:Assessing global storm tide hazards in a changing climate

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    Coastal flooding is one of the most frequent natural hazards around the globe and can have devastating societal impacts. It is caused by extreme storm tides, which are composed of storm surges and tides, on top of mean sea levels. Due to socio-economic developments in the world’s coastal zones, the impacts of coastal floods have increased in recent decades. In addition, projected changes in the frequency and intensity of storms, as well as sea level rise due to climate change are expected to increase the coastal flood hazard. These trends show that it is crucial to further improve coastal flood hazard assessments to support coastal flood management. A lack of understanding of the influence of tropical cyclones (TCs) on storm tide level return periods (RPs) currently prevails. Available meteorological data does not adequately capture the structure of TCs, and the temporal length of this data is too short to accurately compute RPs because TCs are low-probability events. Existing large scale coastal flood hazard assessments assume an infinite flood duration and do not capture the physical hydrodynamic processes that drive coastal flooding. Furthermore, future changes in the frequency and intensity of TCs and extratropical cyclones (ETCs) are often neglected in coastal flood hazard assessments. As such, the goal of this thesis is to improve global storm tide modelling through the better representation of TC-related extremes and enable dynamic flood mapping in both current and future climates. The research in this thesis contributes to ongoing efforts in the coastal risk community to better understand coastal flood hazards and risks on a global scale. The COAST-RP dataset can help identify hotspot regions most prone to coastal flooding. Such information can then be used to determine where more detailed local-scale coastal flood hazard assessments are most needed. Combining data from COAST-RP with the HGRAPHER method allows us to move away from planar towards more advanced dynamic inundation methods. This will improve the accuracy of the coastal flood hazard maps. Lastly, the developed TC intensity Δ method that is applicable to different kinds of future climate TC datasets opens the door to studying the future intensity of TCs and corresponding storm surges by placing them in a future climate

    Christian Global Citizenship Education in Korea

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    This practice-based research thesis employs theological action research as a methodology to explore the intersection of Global Citizenship Education (GCED) and public theology, with a specific focus on the contributions of Protestant Christianity. The research objectives are to investigate the relevance of Christianity in public life, its potential influence on GCED within the context of South Korea, and to develop practical tools for promoting the application of Christian values in global citizenship education.GCED is widely promoted by international and national governments, but its implementation faces challenges due to diverse perspectives, historicity, and varying economic and political statuses worldwide. Bridging these differences requires dialogue among different groups to determine the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values necessary for effective engagement. Within this context, Protestant Christianity offers unique insights and contributions.Through key informant interviews with experienced practitioners in educational settings in South Korea, this practice-based research thesis gathers perspectives on integrating Protestant Christian values in GCED and the role of public theology. Employing theological action research practices, the study develops a refined study guide for Christian Global Citizenship Education, incorporating feedback from key informants to ensure its relevance and alignment with the needs of engaged faith communities. The study guide serves as a practical tool for promoting the application of Christian values in global citizenship education.Overall, this practice-based research underscores the importance of integrating biblical values drawn from reflection on scripture and perspectives from Christianity into global education efforts and encourages active participation in discussions on global citizenship. The research aims to make an original contribution to scholarship in this area by contribute by creating a nuanced approach to GCED rooted in the teachings of Protestant Christianity to bridge gaps between different regions and communities, fostering a more inclusive and nuanced approach to GCED rooted in the teachings of Protestant Christianity. The findings of this research have practical implications for educators, policymakers, and faith communities seeking to incorporate spiritual values into the global citizenship education discourse.<br/

    The World Council of Churches at the 11th General Assembly on the War in Ukraine

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    The 11th Assembly of the World Council of Churches (WCC) in 2022 published a statement about the war in Ukraine, War in Ukraine, Peace and Justice in the European Region. The statement raised quite a lot discussion in the assembly, mostly about its failure to make any concrete suggestions in order to achieve peace. This essay provides a summary of the statement and of the discussion in the assembly. The essay points out a few flaws in the statement and shows the historical frame in which the statement was written

    A global streamflow indices time series dataset for large-sample hydrological analyses on streamflow regime (until 2021)

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    With the booming big data techniques, large-sample hydrological analysis on streamflow regime is becoming feasible, which could derive robust conclusions on hydrological processes from a big-picture perspective. However, there is not a comprehensive global large-sample dataset for components of the streamflow regime yet. This paper presents a new time series dataset on global streamflow indices calculated from daily streamflow records after data quality control. The dataset contains 79 indices over seven major components of streamflow regime (i.e., magnitude, frequency, duration, changing rate, timing, variability, and recession) of 5548 river reaches globally. The indices time series in the dataset are available until 2021, the lengths of which vary from 30 to 215 years with an average of around 66 years. Restricted-access streamflow data of typical river basins in China are included in the dataset. Compared to existing global datasets, this global dataset covers more indices, especially those characterizing the frequency, duration, changing rate, and recession of streamflow regime. With the dataset, research on streamflow regime will become easier without spending time handling raw streamflow records. This comprehensive dataset will be a valuable resource to the hydrology community to facilitate a wide range of studies, such as studies of hydrological behaviour of a catchment, streamflow regime prediction in data-scarce regions, as well as variations in streamflow regime from a global perspective.</p

    Hydroecological connectivity as a normative framework for aquatic ecosystem regulation: lessons from the USA

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    Very little has been achieved during the first five decades of development and application of what is now known as environmental law, in terms of slowing the global rate of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation. A major factor in this lack of effectiveness has been, perhaps, too narrow a focus on individual elements that exist within ecosystems, rather than on the health of the ecosystems themselves. Additionally, very little attention has been paid to maintenance of the integrity of the many types of connections that exist between the different components of ecosystems, notably aquatic ecosystems. These components are connected not only by water, but also by a variety of ecological connections and pathways ¾ here termed 'hydroecological connectivity' (HEC). These connections are not only important in terms of providing abiotic and biota corridors between components, but they also act as conduits which can translocate pollutants from one location, over vast distances, throughout a fluvial ecosystem, consequently impacting virtually all areas of human life and nature. This thesis outlines the science underpinning the first connectivity-based water law regulation, the American Clean Water Rule (CWR) and analyzes a set of legal challenges to this Rule. Barring one instance, no substantive merit was found for any of the disputed claims. Furthermore, this thesis identifies the transferability of the Rule to South Africa. It was possible to empirically substantiate the merit of the single instance that lacked appropriate qualification in the CWR. The importance of HEC is elucidated in this work using the example of headwater streams which, in aggregate, comprise 79 per cent of the aggregate length of the mapped rivers in South Africa. Also provisionally evaluated is a brightline distance, lateral to fluvial watercourses, within which water resource components that are likely to be connected to the mainstem will be found. This provides a guideline for HEC-directed administrative decision making. A connectivity-based approach to water resource governance will require limitations on some land uses on portions of land that is likely to be perceived as terrestrial but which, in fact, forms part of an aquatic ecosystem. This requirement raises obvious implications for property ownership and expropriation. Here the principles of the public trust, already legislatively expressed in South African water law, provide an institutional legal framework that renders 'public' any lands which form part and parcel of the integrity an aquatic ecosystem. The public trust doctrine anchored the reform of the post-apartheid water law of South Africa. It was introduced in a transformative and emancipatory approach to the democratisation of the nation's water resources and the restoration of water equity. This work provides the first historico-legal and comprehensive perspective of the genealogy and intentions for, the public trust in South Africa, and distils out the principles which the trust embodies. An example protocol is developed which shows how the trust principles underpin the formulation of guidance for determinations of beneficial water uses. Recommendations are made regarding the operationalization of the currently moribund South African public trust in water and highlights the role of the public trust as an effective and reformatory tool of water law. In summary this work is a translational and transdisciplinary example of aquatic science into environmental law. The complex and challenging concept of HEC is communicated in plain language and then its perceived weak point ¾ the need to isolate areas of land which form part of the aquatic resource and incorporate these within the trust res ¾ is construed using the principles of the public trust doctrine. Simultaneously the potential of the public trust to offset obstacles to environmental protection, such as the need for reformed guidance for administrative decision making, has been highlighted. On this model the public trust enfolds an ecosystem-directed HEC approach into a transformative and normative governance package which is integrative, adaptive, multi-disciplinary and proactive

    Contested net-zero target setting in a transitioning country: The case of South Korea

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    Many countries have set net-zero targets to achieve the Paris Agreement’s goals. However, we do not know why and how transitioning countries have set net-zero targets, given the narratives of economic growth persistent in them. We address this gap by examining the 2050 carbon neutrality target setting in South Korea and assessing its potential to foster transitioning to a carbon neutral society. We draw from Historical Institutionalism to examine the political process of the carbon neutrality agenda setting and from 20 semi-structured interviews and policy documents as material. We find that net-zero target setting was possible due to strong presidential drive with a turnover in majoritarian politics. However, the agenda setting was controversial with limited public engagement. Although the net-zero target seems radical, the institutions change incrementally due to path-dependency in a developmental state. We demonstrate that South Korea is not likely to transition to a low-carbon society in the foreseeable future as the Paris Agreement demands. The pathway is subject to political swings due to its incumbent political economy and low social acceptance. We suggest caution with net-zero declarations in countries that embrace development as they can amount to mere local political action rather than leading to genuine institutionalization

    The Week of Prayer for Christian Unity from a Romanian Orthodox Perspective: A Historical and Missiological Analysis of Common Prayer

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    Every year, the member Churches of theWorld Council of Churches (WCC) are called to actively participate in the meetings organized in theWeek of Prayer for Christian Unity. From my perspective, these moments are an extraordinary opportunity to share in the richness of the Orthodox tradition, which means an act of confession and authentic witness. In the first part, I will present critically the canonical synthesis of the Orthodox, the concept of “Ecumenical Eucharist” and of Lima Liturgy, followed by the recommendations of the Special Commission for Orthodox participation in the WCC regarding confessional and interconfessional common prayer. Then, this article will make a historical presentation of the week of prayer. It is very important to know how this initiative started and how it was accepted at the beginning and over the years. At least in Romania, where we have an Orthodox majority, this week has become a controversial issue produced by those who are against ecumenical dialogue. A special attention is for the actual practice approved by the Romanian Patriarchate. Finally, the article will present the statements of the new Orthodox documents and it will end with some conclusions about this moment of common Christian witness

    El 50% ausente: ¿existe correlación entre la cantidad de mujeres en delegaciones de la CMNUCC y su posicionamiento frente al cambio climático y cuestiones de género?

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    Una foto vale más que mil palabras. Este es un conocido dicho utilizado para explicar algo que, a veces hacer con palabras es más complejo. Si, por ejemplo, se observan fotografías de reuniones como el G7, G20 o, en este caso, la Conferencia de las Partes (COP) bajo la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (CMNUCC), hay algo que seguramente - y se espera que - llame la atención. Ese algo es que la mayoría de las personas en la foto son hombres. En realidad, la palabra “mayoría” ni siquiera corresponde: las mujeres son una anomalía, un glitch del sistema que hizo que dos, tres o cuatro mujeres aparezcan en la imagen. ¿Cómo es que el 50% de la población mundial está ausente de estas fotos? Este hecho representa un grave y peligroso problema, principalmente al tratar la mayor crisis del siglo XXI: la crisis climática. En consecuencia, por medio de esta tesis se trabajó sobre la ausencia del 50% - la ausencia de las mujeres - en las delegaciones de la CMNUCC, analizando si existe una correlación entre la cantidad de mujeres por delegación y su posicionamiento frente al cambio climático y cuestiones de género. Para evidenciar este hecho, se conformaron seis objetivos a ser probados por medio del estudio de fuentes de información como el Informe de Equilibrio de Género de la CMNUCC; el tiempo de uso de la palabra durante las sesiones plenarias y reuniones en la COP26; ciertos discursos tomados como casos de estudio; e información histórica provista por organismos como ONU Mujeres y la Organización para el Medio Ambiente y el Desarrollo de las Mujeres. Relevadas estas fuentes, se realizó un análisis y diagnóstico por objetivos, para llegar al diagnóstico y conclusión final, junto con una serie de recomendaciones para cada uno
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