7 research outputs found

    К палеоантропологии средневекового населения Поволжья

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    Physical appearance of the population of the Golden Horde resulted from interbreeding of representatives of two big races, i.e. the Mongoloid and the Caucasoid. The presence of the Mongoloid component is to some extent manifested in the appearance of inhabitants of all the Golden Horde towns. Nevertheless, it is the Caucasoid features that prevailed in urban population

    The peculiarities of archaeological textile materials and the methods of their attribution

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    Encyclopaedic dictionary on archaeology of Tatarstan: conceptual problems

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    Определение фоновых изотопных отношений биодоступного стронция для рудника бронзового века новотемирский

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    To assess the mobility and provenance of ancient populations, it is necessary to compare their 87Sr/86Sr isotopic ratios with the local bioavailable strontium baseline (background), characteristic of each specific location or potential provenance region of an individual or artifact. Its definition requires a comprehensive approach to the analysis of heterogeneous samples («proxies») characterizing the ecosystem of the archaeological site under study, the identification of the most suitable proxies, as well as the unification and standardization of the sampling and analytic protocols. A pilot study is presented devoted the definition of the local range of bioavailable strontium by the example of the Novotemirskiy Bronze Age mine (Southern Urals). 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratios were determined in surface and underground water, bedrock (serpentinite), clay from the mine wall, and steppe polecat’s bone, as well as in grass and a bivalve shell from the lake. The lowest range of strontium isotope ratios relative to each other is characteristic of surface and groundwater, shell and grass, which allows them to be used to determine the combined baseline of bioavailable strontium. Multi-proxy (surface and underground water, grass and a bivalve shell) local bioavailable strontium baseline for the Novotemirskiy ancient mine (Southern Urals) is 0,7096 ± 0,0003 (2σ, n = 5). © 2021 Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Archaeology. All rights reserved.Работа выполнена при финансовой поддержке РНФ, проект No 20-18-00402 «Миграции человеческих коллективов и индивидуальная мобильность в рамках мультидисциплинарного анализа археологической информации (бронзовый век Южного Урала)», в ЮУрГУ (НИУ) (Д. В. Киселева – геохимическая интерпретация, П. С. Анкушева – археологическая документация и аналитика; Т. Г. Окунева, А. В. Касьянова – измерения проб и стандартных образцов; Е. С. Шагалов, М. Н. Анкушев – отбор проб и геологическая характеристика)

    The Underground Domed Crypt in the Mound no. 5 From the A.V. Tereshchenko’s Excavations in Tsarev Hillfort in 1843

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    The article is devoted to the A. Tereshchenko’s archaeological excavations of the underground domed crypt in 1843 in Tsarev hillfort - the second largest monument of the Golden Horde period in the Lower Volga located on the left bank of Akhtuba-river. Based on archival information, the author analyzes the circumstances of the underground crypt’s discovery, gives a description of the object. The author found that the crypt in Tsarev belongs to the type of cruciform crypts, located under the above-ground constructions (mausoleums). The constructions of this type have analogies on the territory of the Golden Horde, and in other regions: Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan. For the first time introduced into scientific circulation unique pattern of Golden Horde’s object was investigated by Tereschenko on Tsarev hillfort. This image is the only surviving graphics of excavated structures that Tereschenko was accompanied by his diaries and reports. The rest of the image are not kept or are not found in the archives yet. The article also gives a dating of the investigated construction. Copper coin of 766 AH (1364/64 A.D.) found here to determine that burial structure was built no later than the mid-1360s. The author has taken into account the large size, complex structure, the findings made in the underground crypt and concluded that the burial complex, researched by Tereshchenko, was elitist. Use of comprehensive information (Tereshchenko’s diary descriptions, topographical plans of 1842-1843 and satellite images) helped the author to locate the place of excavation of the crypt on the ground

    Монетный комплекс с Царёвского городища

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    Царевское городище является остатками одного из крупнейших городов Золотой Орды XIV в. Оно расположено на восточном берегу р.Ахтубы в 70 км от ее начала у г.Царев. Территория сплошной застройки, хорошо прослеживавшаяся еще в сер.Х1Х в., простиралась на 16 км от с.Пришиб (сейчас Ленинск) до Колобовщины а по оценке В.В.Григорьева на 21 км. Ф.В.Баллод в начале XX в. площадь сплошной застройки оценивал в 48 кв. верст, то есть 54 км2. Серьезные археологические исследования городища стали проводиться с сер.Х1Х в.This paper reanalyzes in detail ail published numismatic finds from excavations and collections at Tsarev hillfort from the mid 19th to the late 20th century, and also examines the huge numismatic complex consisting of 5858 definable coins and several sphragistic artefacts collected in 2001-2005. The differentiation of monetary finds (both from excavations along the Volga region, and archaeological expeditions at the complex) within different areas of the hillfort has enabled the author to determine that the town was erected in the beginning of the 1340s and completely destroyed in 1368 due to civil strife in the Golden Horde. It was never revived as a town. A new small settlement appeared in 10-20 years on the territory of the former southern suburb of the destroyed town which was later demolished during the invasion of the Timur’s troops in 1395