230,420 research outputs found

    GOLLUM: a next-generation simulation tool for electron, thermal and spin transport

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    We have developed an efficient simulation tool 'GOLLUM' for the computation of electrical, spin and thermal transport characteristics of complex nanostructures. The new multi-scale, multi-terminal tool addresses a number of new challenges and functionalities that have emerged in nanoscale-scale transport over the past few years. To illustrate the flexibility and functionality of GOLLUM, we present a range of demonstrator calculations encompassing charge, spin and thermal transport, corrections to density functional theory such as LDA+U and spectral adjustments, transport in the presence of non-collinear magnetism, the quantum-Hall effect, Kondo and Coulomb blockade effects, finite-voltage transport, multi-terminal transport, quantum pumps, superconducting nanostructures, environmental effects and pulling curves and conductance histograms for mechanically-controlled-break-junction experiments.Comment: 66 journal pages, 57 figure

    The Role of Transport Agents in MoS2 Single Crystals

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    We report resistivity, thermoelectric power and thermal conductivity of MoS2 single crystals prepared by chemical vapour transport (CVT) method using I2, Br2 and TeCl4 as transport agents. The material presents low-lying donor and acceptor levels, which dominate the in-plane charge transport. Intercalates into the Van der Waals gap strongly influence the inter-plane resistivity. Thermoelectric power displays the characteristics of strong electron-phonon interaction. Detailed theoretical model of thermal conductivity reveals the presence of high number of defects in the MoS2 structure. We show that these defects are inherent to CVT growth method, coming mostly from the transport agent molecules inclusion as identified by Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence analysis (TXRF) and in-beam activation analysis (IBAA).Comment: 17 pages, 5 figure

    Inelastic electron transport in polymer nanofibers

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    In this paper we present theoretical analysis of the electron transport in conducting polymers. We concentrate on the study of the effects of temperature on characteristics of the transport. We treat a conducting polymers in a metal state as a network of metallic-like grains connected by electron quantum tunneling via intermediate state localized on a polymer chain between the grains. To analyze the effects of temperature on this kind of electron intergrain transport we represent the thermal environment as a phonon bath coupled to the intermediate state. The electron transmission is computed using the Buttiker model within the scattering matrix formalism. This approach is further developed, and the dephasing parameter is expessed in terms of relevant energies including the thermal energy. It is shown that temperature dependencies of both current and conductance associated with the above transport mechanism differ from those typical for other conduction mechanisms in conducting polymers. This could be useful to separate out the contribution from the intergrain electron tunneling to the net electric current in transport experiments on various polymer nanofibers. The proposed model could be used to analyze inelastic electron transport through molecular junctions.Comment: 8 pages, 5 pictures; text added, figures adde