1,888 research outputs found

    Socioeconomic Determinants of Tree Planting on Farmers Landholding, in Womberma District, Northwestern Ethiopia

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    The study was conducted at Womberma district, northwestern Ethiopia with intended to identify the socioeconomic determinants of tree integration on farmer’s landholding. Farm visits and total enumeration of trees species on respondent’s landholding in different tree growing niches, household interview, and key informant interview were used for data collection. Data were analyzed with multiple linear regression model. The result shows that all the considered predictor variables jointly influenced the total number of tree integrated on their own lands with a coefficient of determination (R2, 0.719 and 0.600 in the two study sites). Among the household characteristics that were entered to the model, landholding size, farming experience and wealth status of the household have been significantly related to the number of trees maintained per household. The number of tree stems and tree species per household increase with increasing wealth statuses of households, farming experience, and landholding size. Keywords: Household, Tree species, Wealth status, Tree integration DOI: 10.7176/JESD/11-7-04 Publication date: April 30th 202

    Farmers’ Understanding of Soil Erosion Hazards and Management Measures in Damot Gale Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

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    The extent and speed of soil erosion and the resulting soil degradation is distinguished as a serious threat to the already stressed subsistence agriculture in Ethiopia. A number of measures have been introduced and applied over time to halt the hazards; but its outcome & sustainability was not as expected. This study was undertaken in Damot Gale Woreda, Ethiopia and mainly investigated how farmers’ understand erosion hazards and concerned measures. The data was collected from 103 selected households from two PAs and six villages by using stratified random sampling techniques where wealth status was used for the stratification. The relevant data were generated using a combination of data collection techniques; structured questionnaire, key informants and group discussion methods as well as secondary data sources. Descriptive statistics with appropriate statistical tests were employed to analyze the data. The findings revealed that, majority of the respondents (95%) have recognized the problem of soil erosion and its hazards on their farm. With the recognition of these problems, farmers were widely applied introduced and traditional practices However, they have also employed other three major improved/introduced: soil bund, grass strip and fanya juu as soil and water conservation measures. The study concludes that future land management policies and strategies should target on the importance of variables such as farmers’ perception on soil erosion impacts, and control measures preferences. Therefore, the difference in such variables should be considered in the design, promotion and implementation of soil conservation practices. Keywords: Farmers’ understanding, Management measures, Soil degradation, Soil erosio

    Assessing Cultural and Ecological Variation in Ethnobiological Research: The Importance of Gender

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    Contending that a significant portion of current ethnobiological research continues to overlook cultural variation in traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) and practice, this paper explores the potential impacts of gender-imbalanced research on data collection, hypothesis testing, and the formulation and application of ethnobiological inventories and theories. A multidisciplinary review of over 220 studies addresses commonly held stereotypes underlying gender-imbalanced field research and demonstrates the need for more inclusive, finely-tuned studies which disaggregate indigenous knowledge and practice by gender. The paper outlines factors underlying gender-based spatial and temporal variation in ecosystem exposure and traditional ecological knowledge in rural societies worldwide, and discusses how these factors contribute to gender differences in wild food harvesting, biodiversity and agrobiodiversity maintenance, natural resource management, and the transmission and conservation of sacred and secular customs. The review concludes with suggestions for designing and implementing more inclusive research

    Integrated Soil Management Practices in Rehablitating Degraded Lands in Ofute Catchment, Southern Ethiopia

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    Soil degradation in the form of soil erosion and soil fertility decline is the main problem of the study area which had influenced the environmental quality and productivity of land. Loss of vegetation cover, drought and climatic change were another recently prevailed environmental problem which further affects the livelihoods of rural people and the production potential of the area. The socio-economic as well as the demographic data that have relevance to the study was collected and both the indigenous and modern soil management practices are explored using questionnaire surveys, focus group discussions and key informant interview. A number of indigenous soil management practices were practiced in the catchment such as fallowing, crop rotation, contour farming, traditional stone bunds, traditional ditches, plantations and traditional cut-off drains. On the other hand, currently introduced modern soil management practices like fanaya juu, soil bunds, improved cut-off drains, grass strips, check dams and basins are practiced by households in the study catchment. The survey results showed that age, gender, family size, educational status, annual income, farm size, farm land distance, soil fertility, slope and severity of soil erosion were among the major factors that influence the implementation of soil management practices. Formulating appropriate plan and strategies for controlling deforestation, applying area closure method of land management practices in steep slope areas, encouraging locally perceived indigenous knowledge of farmers on soil management, and appropriate design and maintenance of modern soil management practices are critically recommended to recover rapid destruction of resources and soil degradation in the study area. Assessing the impact of climatic variability on crop production and loss of crop species and analyzing the slope factors for measuring rate of soil degradation by researchers for the future became the suggested research gaps in the study area. Keywords: Integrated soil management practices, soil erosion, degraded lands and rehabilitatio

    Analysis of Farmers’ Perception on the Impact of Land Degradation Hazard on Agricultural Land Productivity in Jeldu District in West Shewa Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

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    Land degradation is increasing in severity and extent in many parts of the world. Success in arresting land degradation entails an improved understanding of its causes, process, indicators and impacts. Various scientific methodologies have been employed to assess land degradation globally. However, the use of local community knowledge in elucidating the causes, process, indicators and effects of land degradation has seen little application by scientists and policy makers. Land degradation may be a physical process, but its underlying causes are firmly rooted in the socio-economic, political and cultural environment in which land users operate. Analyzing the root causes and effects of land degradation from local community knowledge, perception and adapting strategies perspective will provide information that is essential for designing and promoting sustainable land management practices. The main objective of this study was to analse the perceptions of farmers’ on the impact of land degradation hazard on agriculturalland productivity decline associated with soil erosion and fertility loss. The study used a multistage sampling procedure to select sample respondent households.The sample size of the study was 120 household heads and 226 farm plots managed by these farmers.  The primary data of the study were collected by using semi-structured Interview, focus group discussions and field observation. Both descriptive statistics and econometric techniques were used for data analysis. Descriptive results show that 57% of the respondents were perceived the severity and its consequence on agricultural land productivity. The following indicators of soil erosion and fertility loss were generally perceived and observed by farmers’ in the study area:  gullies formations, soil accumulation around clumps of vegetation, soil deposits on gentle slopes, exposed roots, muddy water, sedimentation in streams and rivers, change in vegetation species, increased runoff, and reduced rooting depth. The direct human activities which were perceived to be causing land degradation in the study area include: deforestation and clearing of vegetation, overgrazing, steep slope cultivation and continuous cropping.  The farmers’ possibility of perceiving the impact of land degradation hazard on agricultural land productivity was primarily determined by institutional, psychological, demographic and by bio-physical factors. Farmers who perceive their land as deteriorating and producing less than desired, tend to adopt improved land management practices. On the other hand, farmers who perceive their land to be fertile tend to have low adoption of conservation practices. In order to overcome this land degradation and its consequent effects, the study recommended a need for the government to enforce effective policies to control and prevent land degradation and these policies should be community inclusive /participatory founded up on indigenous and age-honored knowledge and tradition of farmers' natural resource management as well as introduced scientific  practices. Keywords: Farmers’ Perception,Land Degradation, Impact of Land Degradation, Agricultural Land Productivity
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