837,311 research outputs found

    Effect of the nitrogen source on glutamine and alanine biosynthesis in Neurospora crassa. An in vivo 15N nuclear magnetic resonance study

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    The influences of different nitrogen sources on the relative rates of biosynthesis of glutamine and alanine have been studied by 15N nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of intact Neurospora crassa mycelia suspensions. The rate of glutamine synthesis was fastest after growth in media deficient in free ammonium ion, whereas it was slowest following growth in media containing both glutamic acid and glutamine. The reverse trend was observed for the biosynthesis of alanine. A competition between the two biosynthetic pathways for the same substrate, glutamic acid, was found to limit the rate of alanine synthesis when glutamine synthesis was rapid. The observed in vivo rates of these reactions are compared to the reported specific activities of the enzymes catalyzing the reactions, and implications of these results for nitrogen regulation of these pathways under various physiological conditions are discussed

    A new fast method for ceramic foam impregnation: Application to the CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes

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    A new process that allows preparing, in a single step, good washcoats of catalytic materials for the catalytic chemical vapour deposition (CCVD) synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in reticulated ceramic foams is reported. It is shown that the washcoats, obtained by impregnation using viscous slurries made of finely divided powders dispersed in different media, cover the total surface of foams with good adhesions. The catalytic activity with regards to the CNT synthesis is finally verified, showing that our new fast impregnation process makes possible to get materials with final architectures suitable for heterogeneous catalysis applications

    Polymeric templating synthesis of anatase TiO₂ nanoparticles from low-cost inorganic titanium sources

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    A novel facile and cost-effective synthesis method for anatase TiO₂ nanoparticles has been developed by using poly-acrylic acid hydrogel as template at room temperature. The newly developed synthesis method avoids the use of hazardous reagents and/or hydrothermal steps, and enables production of highly active TiO₂ nanoparticles from low cost inorganic titanium sources. The synthesized TiO₂ nanoparticles have been studied in several applications including dye-sensitized solar cells as a photoanode as well as in organics degradation of methyl orange in aqueous media. Good photocatalytic performances were obtained in both applications

    Synthesis and precise deposition of gold nanoparticles using electrospray technique

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    The main dissertation subject is the study on new synthesis method of highly monodisperse gold nanoparticles in organic media and elaboration of nanoparticles deposition technique onto different substrates including memory devices.Praca naukowa zrealizowana w ramach międzynarodowego projektu badawczego: 7 Programu Ramowego UE: Hybrydowe organiczno-nieorganiczne elementy pamięci wykorzystujące zintegrowane układy elektroniczne i fotoniczne (HYMEC)

    Asparagine promotes cancer cell proliferation through use as an amino acid exchange factor.

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    Cellular amino acid uptake is critical for mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) activation and cell proliferation. However, the regulation of amino acid uptake is not well-understood. Here we describe a role for asparagine as an amino acid exchange factor: intracellular asparagine exchanges with extracellular amino acids. Through asparagine synthetase knockdown and altering of media asparagine concentrations, we show that intracellular asparagine levels regulate uptake of amino acids, especially serine, arginine and histidine. Through its exchange factor role, asparagine regulates mTORC1 activity and protein synthesis. In addition, we show that asparagine regulation of serine uptake influences serine metabolism and nucleotide synthesis, suggesting that asparagine is involved in coordinating protein and nucleotide synthesis. Finally, we show that maintenance of intracellular asparagine levels is critical for cancer cell growth. Collectively, our results indicate that asparagine is an important regulator of cancer cell amino acid homeostasis, anabolic metabolism and proliferation

    Carrier field shock formation of long wavelength femtosecond pulses in dispersive media

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    We numerically demonstrate the formation of carrier field shocks in various dispersive media for a wide variety of input conditions using two different electric field propagation models. In addition, an investigation of the impact of numerous physical effects on carrier wave shock is performed. It is shown that in many cases a field shock is essentially unavoidable and therefore extremely important in the propagation of intense long wavelength pulses in weakly dispersive nonlinear media such as noble gases, air, and single-crystal diamond. The results presented here are expected to have a significant impact in the field of ultrashort nonlinear optics, attosecond pulse generation, and wavepacket synthesis where the use of mid-IR wavelengths is becoming increasingly more important.Comment: 14 pages, 17 figure

    Novel Synthesis and High Pressure Behavior of Na0.3CoO2 x 1.3 H2O and Related Phases

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    We have prepared powder samples of NaxCoO2 x yH2O using a new synthesis route. Superconductivity was observed in Na0.3CoO2 x 1.3H2O between 4 and 5K as indicated by the magnetic susceptibility. The bulk compressibilities of Na0.3CoO2 x 1.3H2O, Na0.3CoO2 x 0.6H2O and Na0.3CoO2 were determined using a diamond anvil cell and synchrotron powder diffraction. Chemical changes occurring under pressure when using different pressure transmitting media are discussed and further transport measurements are advocated.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figures, PRrapid submitte
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