1,698,480 research outputs found

    Origins of neonatal intensive care in the UK

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    Chaired by Professor Robert Boyd, this seminar reviewed the development and changes in care of the newborn in the UK over the past 50 years. Advances in techniques were described, such as mechanical ventilation, total parenteral nutrition and continuous monitoring of vital signs, to care for ill or vulnerable newborn infants. Diagnostic techniques that were developed and introduced in the 1970s and early 1980s were discussed, such as ultrasound imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging and near infrared spectroscopy, for the non-invasive investigation of the brain, as well as the setting up of neonatal intensive care units. Witnesses include: Professor Eva Alberman, Dr Herbert Barrie, Professor Richard Cooke, Dr Beryl Corner, Dr Pamela Davies, Professor John Davis, Professor David Delpy, Professor Victor and Dr Lilly Dubowitz, the late Professor Harold Gamsu, Professor David Harvey, Professor Colin Normand, Professor Tom Oppé, Professor Osmund Reynolds, Dr Jean Smellie, Professor Maureen Young and nurses, including Miss Anthea Blake, Miss Caroline Dux and Miss Mae Nugent. Introduction by Professor Peter Dunn, viii, 84pp, 1 chart, glossary, subject and name index

    Reporting Risk: The Case of Silicone Breast Implants

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    Professor Nelkin finds journalists to be, if reluctantly, subject to influence and describes their uneasy relationship with scientists in filling a difficult role

    Looking at the unborn: historical aspects of obstetric ultrasound

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    The obstetric ultrasound scanner had its major origins in a programme of research undertaken in Glasgow in the 1950s and 1960s, under the leadership of the obstetrician, Professor Ian Donald. Donald’s work was characterized by a remarkable series of collaborations between engineers and clinicians, many of whom took part in this Witness Seminar to consider the early history of ultrasound imaging, its technical development and significant clinical applications in the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities. Technical and engineering developments of the scanner were discussed and it was practical demonstrations of the early scanners that gradually convinced the majority of obstetricians to invest time and training in this new technology. Participants include: Mr Usama Abdulla, Mr Thomas Brown, Professor Dugald Cameron, Professor Stuart Campbell, Mr John Fleming, Professor John MacVicar, Professor Peter Wells and Dr James Willocks. Introduction by E M Tansey, v, 80pp. 15 illustrations, glossary, subject and name index

    Childhood asthma and beyond

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    Some of the major discoveries and developments in the management of childhood asthma over the past 30 years, starting with early descriptions and treatment of the condition were discussed. Topics include the development of the pressurized metered-dose inhaler, the discovery of sodium cromoglycate in 1965 and the work of Dr Roger Altounyan, who tested hundreds of compounds on himself, the development of inhaler steroids, and the first beta-2 agonist effectively used in asthma treatment. Professor Bill Inman’s communication, read to the meeting, described the investigation of drugs taken preceding deaths from asthma. Discussion covered the impact of treatments on the delivery of primary care, the role of support organizations, and finally, the rising prevalence of asthma. The meeting was chaired by Professor Simon Godfrey of Hadassah University Hospital in Jerusalem and amongst those who attended and contributed were Mrs Greta Barnes, Mr John Bell, Dr Robert Brewis, Dr Harry Morrow Brown, Professor Tim Clark, Dr Bill Frankland, Professor Abe Guz, Sir David Jack, Dr Donald Lane, Professor Chris O’Callaghan, Dr Paul McCarthy, Professor Anthony Milner, Professor Ross Mitchell, Professor Tom Oppé, Dr Martyn Partridge, Professor Michael Silverman and Professor John Warner. Introduction by Dr Mark Jackson, x, 74pp, subject and name index

    British contributions to medical research and education in Africa after the Second World War, vol. 10

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    The Witness Seminar on British Contributions to Medical Research and Education in Africa after the Second World War was a broad subject addressed by Witnesses with an extraordinary wealth of diverse talent and experience, directed by the chairman, Professor David Bradley. Differences in health services, research and medical education between British East and West Africa over the period to 1980 were discussed, including the effects of the transition from colony or protectorate to independent state. The increased postwar influence of the Medical Research Council in the tropics was described, aided by a seat on the Colonial Medical Research Committee and its successor body, the MRC-based Tropical Medicine Research Board. Research outcomes of programmes in non-infectious diseases and nutrition, along with the great vector-borne diseases, including sleeping sickness and malaria, and helminth eradication spread through the tropics and also influenced treatment in the UK. The importance of Africa for the postwar development of drug treatments for tropical diseases was underlined. Witnesses included: Dr Murray Baker, Sir Christopher Booth, Dr Christopher Draper, Professor Alan Fleming, Professor Herbert Gilles, Dr Tom Hopwood, Professor Michael Hutt (now deceased), Professor Sir Ian McGregor, Professor George Nelson, Professor Eldryd Parry, Professor Gerry Shaper, Professor John Waterlow, and Dr Roger Whitehead. Introduction by Dr Maureen Malowany, x+93pp

    Drowning in White Whine

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    “What are some examples of white privilege?” my professor asked. I felt an audible tension in the class as this was asked. This is a tricky subject, especially when you’re talking to a class full of mostly white, privileged people (myself included). [excerpt

    New Projects and One of My Very Own

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    Some new projects have happened since my last post (which was before spring break). I helped give a library tour to yet another prospective professor, and it is cool to find out what they would add to the collection if they got a job here. For instance, this one professor was more into pop music and our collection does not have much material on the subject. New professors can really transform the library in that sense, as well as online resources they recommend. I also found full scores and recordings of Bruch pieces that a former professor requested. Instead of looking up WorldCat results, I looked up the pieces on websites that sell sheet music, such as Arkivmusic, Theodore Front, JWPepper, and SheetMusicPlus (which is what I use when I buy my own scores). [excerpt

    Rule 10b-5 and the Corporation’s Affirmative Duty to Disclose

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    In order to make responsible investment decisions investors must be adequately informed. In this article Professor Bauman argues that the existing disclosure requirements of the federal securities laws do not meet the informational needs of investors because there is no affirmative duty to disclose all material information. In order to fill this substantial gap in the existing disclosure scheme, Professor Bauman argues that rule lob-5 should be read to require prompt disclosure of all material information subject only to limited exceptions and should be applicable even in the absence of trading or prior inaccurate disclosure

    Hate Speech, Offensive Speech, and Public Discourse in America

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    In this article, Professor Eberle discusses several limitations on governmental power to regulate public discourse. After examining the United States Supreme Court decisions of R.A.V. v. City of St. Paula nd Wisconsin v. Mitchell, Professor Eberle concludes that government should refrain from regulating speech itself. Rather, any restrictions should focus strictly on the problematic conduct underlying the speech which justifies regulation. Professor Eberle also concludes that the Court has implicitly recognized two distinct subcategories of content discrimination and viewpoint discrimination. Both subcategories are presumptively unconstitutional and nominally subject to conventional strict scrutiny. The Court, however, finds viewpoint discrimination more dangerous to public discourse. Therefore, the Court has in practice applied a heightened review to instances of viewpoint discrimination under the guise of conventional strict scrutiny. This heightened scrutiny explains decisions, like R.A.V., in which the Court invalidated seemingly constitutional statutes regulating public discours
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