1,586,290 research outputs found

    Poverty in Mexico's Southern States

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    This paper attempts to answer the following questions: How poor are the southern states of Chiapas, Guerrero, and Oaxaca? How much progress was achieved in the 1990s toward reducing poverty in these states? Why are households in these states so poor? Specifically, does their poverty result from a lack of assets or from low returns to existing assets? Finally, to what extent do federal transfers and programs benefit the south and poor households within the south?Poverty; Mexico; Southern States

    The Unknown Legacy of the 13th Amendment

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    On January 31, 1865, Congress passed the 13th Amendment, declaring slavery illegal in the United States. Or so it seemed. The second line of the Amendment, and the most oft unknown, states that slavery can still be used as a form of punishment for crimes, and this practice became widely used as a part of southern backlash to Reconstruction Era policies. After the end of the Civil War, many southern states struggled with rebuilding their infrastructures and government systems. In order to avoid falling into more debt, many of these states turned towards the convict lease system, which claimed that the state prison could lease out its convicts to local companies, usually in industries such as mining, lumbering, and railroad building, to not only house prisoners inexpensively but also regain the means of labor they had with slavery before the Civil War. By adopting the convict lease system, southern states were able to earn revenue and control the suddenly free black population of the South, and with the development of black codes, these states were able to legally disenfranchise African Americans up until the 1930s when Alabama became the last state to abolish the convict lease program. [excerpt

    Distribution of Crotalomorphidae and Podapolipidae (Acari: Heterostigmata), Ectoparasites of Stenolophus (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in North America

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    Eutarsopolipus elzingai Husband (Tarsonemoidea: Podapolipidae), parasitic on Stenolophus comma (Fabricius) and Stenolophus lecontei (Chaudoir) (Co- leoptera: Carabidae) is reported from southern Canada and the United States from Oregon to Maine and from Michigan to North Carolina. Eutarsopolipus brevichelus Husband and Husband is distributed east of the Rocky Mountains in southern Canada and in the United States from Colorado to Virginia and from Michigan to Louisiana. Crotalomorpha camini Lindquist and Krantz is reported from Kansas and Nebraska east to Massachusetts and from Michigan to Arkansas. Hosts for E. brevichelus and C. camini are S. lecontei and S. comma. Stenolophus fuliginosus (Dejean) is a new host for E. brevichelus in New Brunswick, Canada. S. maculatus (Leconte) in Oregon and S. lineola (Fabricius) in southern California, U.S.A. are newly reported hosts of E. elzingai

    Household composition across the new Europe: Where do the new Member States fit in?

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    In this paper we present indicators of household structure for 26 of the 27 countries of the post-enlargement European Union. As well as broad indicators of household type, we present statistics on single-person and extended-family households, and on the households of children and older people. Our main aim is to assess the extent to which household structure differs between the "old" and "new" Member States of the European Union. We find that most of the Eastern European countries may be thought of as lying on the same North-North-Western-Southern continuum defined for the "old" EU Member States, and constituting an "extreme form" of the Southern European model of living arrangements, which we term the "Eastern" model. However, the Baltic states do not fit easily onto this continuum

    Notes on issues relevant to structure of all Southwestern States

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    List of transnational corporations that have southern African assets and play a role in the economy of Southwestern states of the US

    Precision Farming by Cotton Producers in Eleven Southern States: Results from the 2005 Southern Precision Farming Survey

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    Precision Farming by Cotton Producers in Eleven Southern States: Results from the 2005 Southern Precision Farming Surveycotton, precision farming, survey, Agribusiness, Farm Management, Production Economics, Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies,

    Avoidable Hospitalizations

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    Georgia Health Policy Center worked to improve health care in eight of the most rural, medically under served states in the country. The Center conducted research and provided strategic planning for eight Southern states: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, East Texas and West Virginia

    Migration and Poverty in Mexico’s Southern States

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    While Mexico's southern states differ substantially in terms of their migration profile, many of the issues confronted by the three states are the same. In this paper, we focus on five questions: (a) How large are migration flows, and what can be expected in the future?; (b) To what extent does migration increase per capita income and thereby reduce poverty?; (c) What are the determinants of migration?; (d) What is the impact of remittances on poverty, inequality, and development?; and (e) What programs are implemented by the government to increase the benefits from remittances, and what can be done to reduce the cost for migrants of remitting?Mexico; Migration; Remittances; Poverty; Policies
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