4,904 research outputs found

    Serbian Autobiographical Studies \u2013 A Survey

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    A survey of Serbian autobiographical studie

    Будућност историје музике; Међународни научни скуп Српска академија наука и уметности Београд, 28–30. септембар 2017; Књижица апстраката

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    The conference The Future of Music History is organised within the project Serbian musical identities between local and global frameworks: Traditions, changes, challenges (No. 177004) financed by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbi

    Italy and Neutrality: Cultural, Political and Diplomatic Framework

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    talian history at the beginning of WWI was well harmonised with other events in the Old Continent, while the domestic picture featured a delicate set of links, between Triplicist, neutralist, and nationalist environments, parties and movements, with "nationalism" acting as a shaping factor in Italy's public scene. But different elements emerged in Italian nationalism that would grow into the interventionist policy of an aspiring “great power”, interpreted by some as a line of continuity between liberal and fascist foreign policy. The period of neutrality and the events that led to Italy's intervention were in the spotlight of historiographical analysis in the post-war years, with both focus on fascist Italy's non-belligerance at the surge of WWII and special attention to documentation and the strategies of protagonists (e.g. Giolitti, Salandra, di San Giuliano, Sonnino, D’Annunzio, etc.), as well as to careful reconstruction of events the growing consensus for intervention, the personalisation of stances for and against intervention, the many elements at play within and outside the country and the clever combination of popular mobilisation and parliamentary strategy by supporters of intervention in the weeks between the Treaty of London and war. The goal of the paper is to present the evolution of the Italian position from neutrality to the intervention in the war alongside the Entente, with a particular attention to international context, to the protagonist of the neutrality period in Italy through the memories and the main historiography on the subject

    Annulling the Trauma: Neoclassicism as a Modernist (?) Antidote to Society’s Ills

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    In this paper, we shall examine the overall conditions of the emergence of neoclassicism in Paris, shortly after the First World War. Compared to that, the emergence of neoclassicism in Serbian music is also going to be examined having in mind that neoclassicism, as a dominant movement, appears in Serbian music significantly later – after the Second World War. At this point, the only correlation between the two neoclassicisms is that they both appear after the significant, primarily destructive historical events. What would their other similarities and differences be?The First World War ended a hundred years ago. This historical event of colossal proportions significantly changed both European and world history. And it is very probable that in the following years (that is, the 1920s), this event influenced many ’calls to order’, to paraphrase the title of Jean Cocteau’s infamous 1923 essay. Therefore, in this paper, we first examined (in the most general terms) overall historical conditions which influenced the emergence of neoclassicism in Paris, before and shortly after The Great War. With this in mind, we also examined the overall conditions of the emergence of neoclassicism in Serbian music, which (acknowledging several modest attempts before The Second World War) appeared as a (sort of) dominant movement significantly later, compared to its French counterpart, that is, in the 1950s. At this point, the only correlation between the two neoclassicisms is that they both appear after significant, primarily destructive, historical events. Therefore, having in mind that after two wars of vast proportions, contexts changed, we examined the ways by which the composers (that is Igor Stravinsky and Milan Ristić, as case studies) tried to find a stable way into mainstream art and, to some extent, redevelop their poietics

    International conference The tunes of diplomatic and music notes. Music and diplomacy in Southeast Europe (19th–21st century)

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    Одржавање скупа помогло је Министарство просвете, науке и технолошког развоја Републике Србије / Conference has been supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia / Конференција се организује у оквиру пројекта Идентитети српске музике од локалних до глобалних оквира: традиције, промене, изазови (ОН 17004) који реализује Музиколошки институт САНУ уз помоћ Министарства просвете, науке и технолошког развоја Републике Србије / This conference is organised within the project Serbian musical identities within local and global frameworks: traditions, changes, challenges (No. 177004) carried out by the Institute of Musicology SASA with the support of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbi

    THE RULE OF SÁNDOR PETŐFI IN THE MEMORY POLICY OF HUNGARIANS, SLOVAKS AND THE MEMBERS OF THE HUNGARIAN MINORITY GROUP IN SLOVAKIA IN THE LAST 150 YEARS

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    Sándor Petőfi was the greatest poet of the Hungarian romantic literature, but aft er his participation in the events of the Hungarian revolution of 1848 he became the legendary fi gure of the national liberty and republicanism. Petőfi ’s mysterious disappearance aft er the batt le of Segesvár further confi rmed the importance of his personal heroism and at the end of the 19th Century Petőfi became an emblematic fi gure of the national freedom and independence not just in Hungary, but in Europe too.Petőfi ’s cult was signifi cant in the period between the two world wars too, mainly at the time of hundredth anniversary of his birth. A memorial banknote was issued on this occasion and were staged a national commemoration in 1925.In the communist era Petőfi was the idol of the radical revolutionary republicans, who fought against the members of the oppressive ruling classes. His glorious and heroic image became one of the fi gures of the Hungarian communist pantheon. But also the anti-dictatorship young intellectuals viewed Petőfi as a role model and founded Petőfi Circle prepared for the events of the revolution of 1956.Until the end of the seventies Petőfi became again the emblematic historical hero of the antiregime democratic opposition movement. Th e square at Petőfi statue was the scene of many demonstrations. Th is square was also the favorite commemoration place also of the Hungarianliberal political party aft er the Hungarian political transition in the last decade of 20th Century

    Rast i razvoj Beograda u periodu od 1815. do 1910. godine

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    Belgrade has been devastated and redeveloped for countless times. Various cultures, nations and conquerors left different urban matrices and physical structure. The groundwork for conceptualization and research of the urban matrix as an essential element of Belgrade's urban morphology are graphic presentations the old maps and plans. Appreciating strategic significance Belgrade had up till 19th century, they were mainly elaborating Belgrade Fortress area, while civil settlement the Borough inside the Trench, a small typically oriental town (Kurtović Folić, 2000, pp. 15-21) was presented in general sketches. This paper deals with breakthrough conceptions about planned construc­tion of Belgrade inside and outside of the fortress moat from the beginning of the 19th till the beginning of the 20th century. The ruling period of Prince Miloš Obrenović was especially emphasized, when planned construction of the new, geometrically regulated Belgrade settlement in Western Vračar (outside the Trench) started and was supposed to be connected with the city center of the Serbian Belgrade (inside the Trench) around the current Saborna church, via two already existing streets Abadžijska Street and Fišeklijska Street. Prince Miloš in 1815., obtained from Marašli Ali Pasha the Savamala area with the formed village on so called slope, that was soon to be destroyed and set on fire upon his order, with the goal of building 'a new Serbian Belgrade'. (Krasojević, 2004) The expelled landowners gained the opportunity to settle down on the Danube side, in the village of Palilula. In the third and the fourth decade of the 19th century there started the planned guidance of population of respective urban areas and regulation of some tracings in Savamala and Terazije as far as the Batal Mosque, forming on the slopes of Savamala and Western Vračar a new part of Serbian Belgrade, be­yond the Trench with several new 'čaršija''. (Škalamera, 1974. pp.9-14) In the period 1835-38, Prince Miloš began developing some prominent ed­ifices and institutions of the restored Province of Serbia in this Belgrade area, and his son, Prince Mihailo Obrenović, continued with the development of this area after 1860.Beograd je rušen i obnavljan nebrojeno puta. Razne kulture, narodi i osvajači ostavili su za sobom različite urbane matrice i fizičku strukturu. Ključni osnov za sagledavanje i proučavanje urbanih matrica, kao bitnih elemenata urbane morfologije Beograda su grafičke predstave stare karte i planovi. S obzirom na strategijsku važnost koju je Beograd imao do 19. veka, grafički prikazi toga perioda uglavnom su bili usmereni na područje Beogradske tvrđave, dok je civilno naselje varoš u Šancu, mala orijentalna varoš, prikazivana samo orijentaciono. Rad se bavi pionirskim zamislima u domenu planske izgradnje Beograda, kako u okvirima, tako i van Šanca, od početka 19. do početka 20. veka. Poseban akcenat je stavljen na period vladavine kneza Miloša Obrenovića, kada i započinje period planske izgradnje geometrijski regulisanog novog beogradskog naselja na Zapadnom Vračaru (van Šanca), koji je trebalo povezati sa centrom srpskog Beograda (u Šancu) oko današnje Saborne crkve, preko već tada trasiranih ulica Abadžijske i Fišek- lijske. Početkom 19. veka dok su se za prevlast nad Beogradom borili Zapad i Istok, između njih se 'umešala' treća sila : Nova srpska država. Na relaciji između Klemegdanskog polja i Topčidera, Srbi su u doba Miloša Obrenovića zauzeli stratešeke tačke, rasporedili svoje javne ustanove, svoju čaršiju i stambene objekte duž glavnih komunikacija. Izgradnja Novog srpskog Beograda započela je krajem prve četvrtine 19. veka u savskom kraju u okvirima Šanca, a koji se prostirao od današnjeg Kosančićevog venca, Topličinim i Obilićevim vencem do Trga Republike, a onda se Francuskom ulicom spuštao do Dunava. Nova izgradnja je započela u okviru Šanca, ali se vrlo brzo proširila na prostor van njega. Izvan Šanca su se nalazile Savska varoš i selo Savamala, ispod Tašmajdana se prostiralo selo Palilula, a oko Skadarske ulice i Zelenog venca su bile dve ciganske mahale. U periodu od 1835-1938. godine Knez Miloš je počeo planski da podiže u ovom prostoru značajne zgrade i ustanove obnovljene Kneževine Srbije, a posle 1860. godine izgradnju ovog dela grada nastavlja njegov sin Knez Mihailo Obrenović. Planom su već tada predviđene Nemanjina ulica i prvo beogradsko šetalište, ulica Kneza Miloša, a koj a je i danas simbol gradskog života u prestonici. Nakon turske predaje tvrđave srpskoj upravi 1867. godine, oslobođeni Beograd ulazi u novi period urbanističkog i arhitekotnskog razvoja, kao i ubrzanog političkog, ekonomskog, društvenog i kulturnog napredka. Prvi srpski urbanista Emilijan Josimović je rekonstrisao varoš u Šancu, a čije su postavke skoro u celosti realizovane. To je ujedno i period opsežnih transformacija srpske prestonice, a nakon proglašenja Kraljevine 1882. godine uslediće i brojne strane investicije. Na starim planovima i fotografijama moguće je uočiti tu snažnu transformaciju Beograda, tačnije njegovo prerastanje u moderni grad zapadne orijentacije. Presudan događaj ne samo za politički, već i za kulturni razvoj Beograda i Srbije, bila je dramatična promena dinastije 1903. godine. Dolaskom na presto Petra I Karađorđevića, Beograd se sve više udaljavao od austrijskih uticaja, i okretao ka Rusiji, međutim uticaj zapadnoevropskih gradova na srpsku arhitekturu i urbanizam ipak nije jenjavao. Politički i kulturni uticaji Istoka i Zapada, utkani u identitet Beograda, najjasnije su se izražavali upravo na ovom polju i to kroz stalnu borbu tradicionalizma i modernizma, konzervativnih i progresivnih tendencija

    Newer Serbian architecture and its audience

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    U ovom preglednom članku retrospektivno se razmatraju glavni pravci razvoja srpske arhitekture od početka XVIII do kraja XX veka, kao i vidovi njihove društvene recepcije. Problematizuju se polazišna idejna, tehnička, semiotička i stilistička svojstva izgrađenog fonda na svim teritorijama na kojima su Srbi živeli. Izlaže se i periodizacija novije srpske arhitekture, izdvajaju glavni autorski opusi i ključna dela pojedinačnih razdoblja. Zaključuje se da su u dugotrajnom kulturno-istorijskom procesu permanentne evropeizacije i modernizacije srpskog društva, generacije aktivnih graditelja dale krupan civilizacijski doprinos. Razvoj srpske arhitekture i urbanizma u obuhvatnom trovekovnom razdoblju tekao je u početku skromnije, ali iz decenije u deceniju koncepcijski sve emancipovanije i originalnije. O tome slikovito svedoči današnji arhitektonski lik konstantno uvećavane prestonice i drugih gradova, uprkos stalnim pokušajima političkih elita da ga kontrolišu i instrumentalizuju u poželjnom smeru. Iako pod pritiskom oficijelnih krugova koji nisu uvek raspolagali potrebnim kulturnim rafinmanom, građenje sa umetničkim ambicijama se održalo, kvantitativno i kvalitativno razvijalo, metodološki raslojavalo i profilisalo. Doseglo je i visoke, autorski prepoznatljive domete i međunarodno primećene opuse. Dosadašnja iskustva pokazuju da se značajni objekti novije srpske arhitekture podvrgavaju specifičnim merilima vrednovanja unutar lanca prosuditelja koji čine predstavnici različitih slojeva kulturne javnosti - od laika, do stručnjaka i naučnika.This review article retrospectively considers the main directions of development of Serbian architecture from the beginning of the 18th until the end of 20th century. How they were perceived socially is also taken into account. Initial, notional, technical, semiotic and stylistic properties of buildings on all territories where Serbs lived are questioned. New Serbian architecture is also presented, with the main authorial opuses and key works of individual periods pointed out. It is concluded that in the long term process of permanent Europeanization and modernization of Serbian society, generations of active builders gave a big contribution to the civilization. Experiences show that significant objects of newer Serbian architecture are subjected to specific measures of evaluation by a number of judges composed by the representatives from different strata of the cultured public - from laymen to experts and scientists

    The Idea of Byzantium in the Construction of the Musical Cultures of the Balkans

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    UIDB/00693/2020 UIDP/00693/2020An earlier and much briefer version of this paper, “MetaByzantine as MetaBalkan”, was given at the 8th IMS Musicological Conference, Musical and Cultural Osmoses in the Balkans, National University of Music, Bucharest, Romania, 3 September 2019.publishersversionpublishe

    Land cover changes of the Belgrade area over the past three centuries

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    This paper studies land cover changes of Belgrade, over the past three centuries. For this purpose, we applied an interdisciplinary approach by integrating historical and landscape ecological perspectives. We produced four reconstruction maps presenting land cover around the turn of the 18th, 19th, 20th and 21st centuries, based on historical maps and written sources. The conversion of land cover from historical maps was done based on CORINE Land Cover level 3, while Land Cover level 1 was used for displaying on the reconstruction maps. This allowed us to compare the changes that occurred from the turn of one century to the next. It was determined that land cover of Belgrade has transformed from dominantly semi-natural in the 18th century, to agricultural in the 19th century, and artificial in the 20th century. We determined that the driving forces of land cover changes were activities that were part of the political agendas of various states that governed Belgrade. The present analysis bridges the gap in the relevant literature on land cover changes in Belgrade in the long-term, and provides qualitative and quantitative results relevant for research-based management actions, planning processes and restoration ecology
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