3,864 research outputs found

    Full MARC Examples to Accompany OLAC Best Practices for Cataloging DVD-Video and Blu- ray Discs, Objects, Streaming Media, and Video Games Using the Original RDA Toolkit and MARC 21

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    Examples of MARC 21 catalog records to accompany the OLAC Best Practices for Cataloging DVD-Video and Blu-ray Discs, Objects, Streaming Media, and Video Games Using the Original RDA Toolkit and MARC 21

    2019 GREAT Day Program

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    SUNY Geneseo’s Thirteenth Annual GREAT Day.https://knightscholar.geneseo.edu/program-2007/1013/thumbnail.jp

    Integrating Environmental DNA, Traditional Fisheries Techniques, and Species Distribution Modeling to Assess Bridle Shiner Status in Maine

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    The bridle shiner (Notropis bifrenatus) is a small minnow species native to the eastern United States and southeastern Canada. The species is declining dramatically throughout most of its native range and has legal protection or concern status in thirteen states and two Canadian provinces. In Maine, the bridle shiner is listed as a Species of Special Concern and considered a Species of Greatest Conservation Need, partially because we lack a basic understanding of their status and distribution within the state. Bridle shiners have historically been found in southern and western Maine in densely vegetated, shallow habitats along the shorelines of streams and ponds. Surveys performed at sites where the shiners were once abundant have yielded very few or none of these fish. This project informed the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries & Wildlife on the status of the species in Maine and provides a foundation for future long-term monitoring of bridle shiner populations in the State. We used a combination of both direct capture techniques and environmental DNA (eDNA) to locate bridle shiners. eDNA is increasingly being used to detect rare aquatic species such as bridle shiners because it is both highly sensitive and less invasive than direct capture. We designed a single-species primer-probe assay to detect bridle shiner DNA, then surveyed 32 sites with a record of historic bridle shiner occurrence. In addition to collecting eDNA samples (2021-2022), we surveyed 29 sites using traditional seine netting techniques in 2021. In 2022, we used a preliminary habitat suitability model to select 46 locations with unknown bridle shiner presence to survey with eDNA. To refine eDNA methodology, we assessed trends in eDNA detection probability across seasons and compared DNA detection between three filter pore sizes. We rediscovered bridle shiner populations at 11 of 32 historically occupied sites and documented bridle shiners in four additional waterbodies. We determined that eDNA surveys were most effective in early or midsummer, and that larger filter pore sizes are a viable option for surveying bridle shiners. Species distribution modeling (SDM) statistically associates species occurrence data with environmental variables to evaluate habitat suitability. We used an ensemble species distribution modeling (SDM) approach to identify both the current and historic range of the bridle shiner within Maine and New Hampshire. We also investigated how local habitat characteristics influenced bridle shiner presence using generalized linear models. Both historic site surveys and ensemble SDMs suggest that there has been a substantial loss of historic bridle shiner habitat in Maine (-62%) and New Hampshire (-46%). At the landscape scale, we found significant effects of forest type, catchment position, soil composition, elevation, and slope on bridle shiners. Within a site, bridle shiners were associated with areas that had a higher proportion of complex-leaved submerged aquatic vegetation and a lower proportion of persistent emergent and floating vegetation. We determined that both eDNA and seine net surveys are viable options for monitoring bridle shiners in Maine, and that such survey strategies can be used with species distribution models to focus future surveys and to identify areas of possible conservation, reintroduction, or restoration actions

    Summertime in the Belgrades : June 30, 2023

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    The roar the other side of silence : Charlotte Bronte, George Elliot, and the literary consequences of women's passivity.

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    Inductive readings of Jane Eyre, Shirley, Middlemarch, and Daniel Deronda demonstrate how the non-realistic elements of Charlotte Bronte’s and George Eliot's novels complete rather than mar their work. Through heightened language» symbols and motifs, and the mixing of genres, Bronte not only expressed her dissatisfaction with the world; she was also able to remedy it. Eliot's unlikely characters and her visibility in her plots—the improbable coincidences, convenient deaths, and sleights of hand— were Eliot's response to her dissatisfaction with society. In her novels, Bronte expresses rebellion through violating the conventions of realism; she seeks the gratification of her heroines' desires by subverting those conventions. Eliot's devices, on the other hand, generally promote the submission of her heroines to intolerable circumstances. This apparent difference masks a common result: by breaking the realistic surface of their novels, Bronte and Eliot were able to express the whole of their vision. The introductory chapter places this argument in the critical debate: the readings of these novels dispute the current contention that Eliot should be censured for her advocacy of self-sacrifice and Bronte extolled for undertaking to avenge her female characters. Their difference in vision might partly reflect the fact that Eliot did not begin publishing fiction until after Charlotte Bronte had stopped— Eliot saw the chaos that the angry claim to rights might cause. A brief discussion of Bronte's early published work identifies that aspect of passion which wishes to control and dominate. Not forswearing that passion, Bronte's later work tries to accommodate the violence of human relations, to turn the pain Into a sado-masochistic pleasure. In Eliot's work, by contrast, the plots are more violent than the characters. Eliot will increasingly make her female characters assume responsibility for their angry Impulses. At the same time she works through plot and presentation to exclude those Impulses. The chapter on Jane Eyre focusses on the points at which the realistic novel mutates Into fantasy. If one thinks of Jane Eyre as an unreliable narrator, the inventor of her own story, then these points can be seen to describe much that Is the matter with reality and all that must be done to rectify it. Through books, drawings, charades, dreams, fairy tale, allegory, romance, and a Gothic plot, Jane and Charlotte Bronte gain for Jane all that cannot be acquired through realistic means, and thus take the measure of reality. Celebrations of Jane's achievement in some current criticism not only ignore the destructive implications of Jane's dominance; they also overlook Bronte's achievement, the literary sophistication of her clever weaving of romance and reality. In Shirley, Bronte endeavours to confine her vision to the life of domestic reality. She renders convincingly women who are denied control of their lives yet nevertheless achieve power in subterranean ways. Bronte again uses non-realistic techniques and improbable events to overcome the problems that cannot be resolved realistically. Yet, more significantly, Bronte demonstrates how women use the opportunities of everyday life to exert control. Her female characters use food and Illness metaphorically; they also speak words that at the same time preserve decorum and assert their wills. Through covert (but understood) means, women are able to counteract the power that men exercise openly. In this way, a balance is effected. The Issues that Charlotte Bronte has expressed in metaphor George Eliot brings in Middlemarch to the level of plot. Eliot uses her own system of metaphor —that of acting— to seek a distinction between self-display and beneficent activity. Eliot's aim in Middlemarch is the impartiality of the dramatist; by continuously shifting points of view, Eliot practises the countering of egoism that Middlemarch advocates. Its advocacy of self-sacrifice, however, conflicts with its aim of impartiality. Improbable coincidence and sleights of hand ensure that the sacrifice of self has favourable consequences. Middlemarch renders simultaneously both points of view. Even techniques that do not observe the conventions of realism enhance the reality of the book by allowing both argument and counterargument to be read. Like the structure of Middlemarch, the structure of Daniel Deronda is mimetic: its two halves represent different points of view. One half is a story of psychological realism; the other half is a romance. But just as they are experienced together, the two halves must be understood together. The romantic half of the novel, the Jewish half, obviates the need to press a resolution on the realistic half, and so allows it to avoid violating realistic expectations. The Jewish half allows Eliot to break through the conventions of realism, those happy endings and easy resolutions of difficult problems. It permits Eliot to confront the murderous, anarchic, force of the will

    University of Maine Undergraduate Catalog, 2022-2023

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    The University of Maine undergraduate catalog for the 2022-2023 academic year includes an introduction, the academic calendars, general information about the university, and sections on attending, facilities and centers, and colleges and academic programs including the Colleges of Business, Public Policy and Health, Education and Development, Engineering, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Natural Sciences, Forestry and Agriculture

    Farming and landholding in a Wealden Parish : a study of farmers in Frettenden 1800-1870

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    The position of the farmer in Victorian agriculture and society is an area largely overlooked in recent historical analysis. This thesis draws the condition of the relatively small farmers in the parish of Frittenden and in so doing describes the significant changes in crop production not obviously in line with Caird's, and indeed subsequent, generalisations of a corn growing east of England. Chapters 1 and 2 provide the background to the research, the sources incorporated, and provides an outline of the parish of Frittenden. Part I presents the main body of the Thesis; Chapters 3 and 4 describe the basis of landownership and plot the economic fortunes of the farmers through the rentals payable, together with the history of arrears recorded. Chapters 5 and 6 trace the husbandry and crops in the parish, while chapter 7 outlines the workforce and the course of wages. Chapter 8 outlines the relationship between crafts and trades and the agricultural community. Part II considers sociological aspects; Chapter 10, considers the role of kinship, marriage alliances and use of related labour particularly as a substitute for live-in labour. Chapter 11 brings out the role of the farmer in the administration of the parish, while Chapter 12 further examines parish administration but in the religious context, particularly the role of Edward Moore. Chapter 13 is a case study, providing support at the family level for the findings for the Parish as a whole. Chapter 14, outlines the conclusion that small farms continued throughout the period 1800-70, while other farms became larger at the expense of the more moderate sized farm. However, it had been the mediumsized farm that had prospered during the deep and long-run economic depression experienced almost continuously from the Napoleonic Wars until the 1850s. The delayed influence of the railway and London market is also apparent. The Appendix indicates the methodology used and in particular the various software permutations in the collection and analysis of data. It shows how the database was central to the analysis but that spreadsheets and wordprocessing played a major role, not least in providing additional tools for analysing the database

    Tax Fairness by Convention: A Defense of Horizontal Equity

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    Horizontal equity is the principle that people who earn equal income should owe equal tax. It has gotten a bad name. Although horizontal equity remains a textbook criterion of tax fairness, scholarly literature is largely hostile. Scholars ranging from the legal theorist Louis Kaplow to philosophers Thomas Nagel and Liam Murphy question its conceptual coherence and normative significance. The crux of the case against horizontal equity is that it seems irrational to worry about the relationship between pre-tax income and tax obligations rather than determining tax policy in light of what our best theory of distributive justice tells us is the best post-tax outcome. I argue that horizontal equity is best understood as a compromise principle for people who disagree about deeper principles of distributive justice. The debate over horizontal equity reflects two distinct ways of thinking about fairness. One approach starts with principles that specif a just distribution of income, resources or utility and uses these principles to derive appropriate tax laws. A second approach analyzes fairness norms as stable and mutually advantageous compromises between people who have conflicting interests and differing moral commitments. Proponents and opponents of redistributive taxation can agree that at any given level of redistribution they will each be better off if taxes are horizontally equitable. Horizontally equitable taxation can thus prevent rent-seeking and ideological conflict over tax policy from generating a wasteful patchwork of narrow taxes and tax subsidies. Observing horizontal equity may be unimportant when people agree on ideal principles of justice and the relevant empirical facts. But under more usual conditions of deep moral and empirical disagreement over tax policy, treating pre-tax income as a normative baseline can prevent conflict over distributive questions from leading to wasteful and inequitable tax policy


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    Wood is vital to many natural ecosystems, as it provides energy, nutrients, and habitat for organisms from the micro- to the macro- scale. Wood is also critical to humans for similar reasons, and can be an important medium of art and education. This dissertation addresses three diverse aspects of wood with the contexts of science, art, and education. First, we explored the impact of timber harvest techniques and site preparation on microbial wood decay and subterranean termite responses on a forest-stand scale. The amount of coarse woody debris removed post-harvest, coupled with the location and species of the test wood stakes, significantly affected both termite and microbial-mediated decomposition after two and a half years of exposure. These findings help to better understand the impact of timber harvest practices on carbon cycling and associated modes of decay. We then explored effects of wood species and wood surface preparation on pyrography, the art of woodburning. The species of wood and the surface preparation significantly affected line and shading work in pyrography, with more detailed linework produced on hardwoods (Acer rubrum, Populus tremuloides) than on softwoods (Pinus taeda, Pinus strobus). Lastly, placing wood into an educational context, high school level lesson plans that address several science curriculum state and federal benchmarks were developed, to be taught through the active learning technique of pyrography. A general “Introduction to woodburning” lesson plan is included, followed by lesson plans for cellular respiration, human impacts on the environment, photosynthesis, and the carbon cycle. Lesson plans provide instructors with the resources needed to teach across both science and art curriculums. Each lesson plan includes background material, vocabulary, assignments, instructional videos, and PowerPoint presentations. These three chapters weave together science, art, and education using wood as the common thread
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