3,460,529 research outputs found

    A Climate for Change in the UN Security Council? Member States' Approaches to the Climate-Security Nexus

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    This research report is the first to systematically engage with the growing political agenda of the climate-security nexus and to place a particular focus on the relationship between the state and the only international organ with a mandate to maintain international peace and security: the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Discussions that have been ongoing since 2007, scattered governmental positions and the difficulty of achieving an overview of the various understandings, topics, concerns and responses of the UNSC member states in relation to the climate-security nexus all indicate a need to address this topic. This report therefore assesses and maps if and how the UNSC members acknowledge the linkages between climate change and security and how they position themselves with respect to these debates in the UNSC. With a large international network of interdisciplinary and country-specialized partner scientists, the analysis relies on an extensive spectrum of official primary sources from member state governments, various ministry strategies (such as those addressing security and climate change), UNSC documents and interdisciplinary academic literature on the climate-security nexus. It is located in the context of substantiated planetary climate emergencies and existential threats as well as urgent calls for action from the UN and member state representatives, scientific networks in Earth System Sciences and youth protests. Based on broad empirical research findings, this report concludes that all 15 current UNSC member states acknowledge the climate-security nexus in complex, changing and partly country-dependent ways. The report formulates an outlook and recommendations for decision-makers and scholars with a particular focus on strengthening the science-policy interface and dialogue and emphasizing the urgent need for institutional, multilateral and scientifically informed change. It also illustrates how essential it is for the UNSC to recognize and adapt institutional working methods to the interrelations of climate change and security and their effects as a cross-cutting issue

    Violent Climate Imaginaries: Science-Fiction-Politics

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    There are many ways in which climate futures can be envisioned, such as global and regional climate models, scenarios of future emission trajectories, or pathways and visions of societal transformation. All these anticipatory practices aim to make the climatic future knowable in the present. In so doing, they quite often envision a climatic future that is inherently violent: a future marked by disasters, wars, mass migration, turmoil, and terror. This working paper seeks to explain the popularity and tenacity of such violent imaginaries of (future) climate change in scientific research, popular culture, and political discourse. For this, it asks two interrelated questions: First, how do violent imaginaries of future climate change come about? Second, why and how do these imaginaries circulate and proliferate? To answer these questions, the paper provides a discussion of the concept of “violence” and elaborates how different forms of it are featured in imaginaries of future climate change. On this basis, the paper then traces three different modes of future-making that together produce and reproduce violent climate imaginaries: modeling the future, writing the future, and visualizing the future. Finally, the paper proposes and discusses several factors that could help explaining the circulation of violent climate imaginaries between the fields of science, fiction, and politics. These factors include the existence of an interdiscourse that bridges different specialized discourses, the broader political economy of imaginaries, interpersonal relations between actors in different fields, and the coproduction of dominant imaginaries with broader technological developments

    Violent Climate Imaginaries: Science-Fiction-Politics

    Get PDF
    There are many ways in which climate futures can be envisioned, such as global and regional climate models, scenarios of future emission trajectories, or pathways and visions of societal transformation. All these anticipatory practices aim to make the climatic future knowable in the present. In so doing, they quite often envision a climatic future that is inherently violent: a future marked by disasters, wars, mass migration, turmoil, and terror. This working paper seeks to explain the popularity and tenacity of such violent imaginaries of (future) climate change in scientific research, popular culture, and political discourse. For this, it asks two interrelated questions: First, how do violent imaginaries of future climate change come about? Second, why and how do these imaginaries circulate and proliferate? To answer these questions, the paper provides a discussion of the concept of “violence” and elaborates how different forms of it are featured in imaginaries of future climate change. On this basis, the paper then traces three different modes of future-making that together produce and reproduce violent climate imaginaries: modeling the future, writing the future, and visualizing the future. Finally, the paper proposes and discusses several factors that could help explaining the circulation of violent climate imaginaries between the fields of science, fiction, and politics. These factors include the existence of an interdiscourse that bridges different specialized discourses, the broader political economy of imaginaries, interpersonal relations between actors in different fields, and the coproduction of dominant imaginaries with broader technological developments

    Islamismus und islamistischer Terrorismus in Deutschland seit 2001: Aktivitäten - Strukturen - Merkmale

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    Gegenwärtig gibt es keine Langzeitstudie, die die Aktivitäten von Islamist:innen in Deutschland umfassend aufarbeitet und damit eine Grundlage für die Einschätzung der Gefährdung durch und den Einfluss von Islamist:innen bereitstellt. Um ein möglichst vollständiges Bild über den Islamismus in Deutschland zu erhalten, werden in diesem Report sowohl Gewaltakte und ihre Vorbereitung als auch solche Aktivitäten erfasst, die nicht auf die Anwendung von Gewalt zielten, sondern der Erhöhung des politischen Einflusses islamistischer Strömungen dienen sollten. Bei den erstgenannten werden neben durchgeführten auch versuchte, d. h. fehlgeschlagene und in der Planungs- oder Vorbereitungsphase aufgedeckte islamistisch motivierte Anschläge sowie unterschiedliche Merkmale der Tatbeteiligten und die Tatumstände aufgeführt. Aus dem Datenmaterial werden charakteristische Merkmale des Modus Operandi islamistischer Akteure in Deutschland herausgearbeitet und soweit möglich Trends nachgezeichnet. In Deutschland waren zwischen 2001 und 2022 bei 15 islamistisch motivierten Anschlägen 19 Tote (einschließlich der Täter:innen) zu beklagen, mindestens 120 Personen wurden verletzt. 13 der 15 Anschläge in Deutschland sind von operativen Einzeltäter: innen durchgeführt worden, die anderen beiden von Mitgliedern kleiner lokal organisierter Gruppen. Dem überwiegenden Teil der durchgeführten Anschläge ging ein lediglich geringer Vorbereitungsaufwand voraus oder es handelte sich um unvorbereitete, spontane Taten. Fünf weitere Anschläge wurden versucht, scheiterten jedoch aus technischen Gründen. Daneben konnte eine Reihe von Anschlagsvorbereitungen verhindert werden. Bei durchgeführten Anschlägen wurden überwiegend leicht beschaffbare Anschlagsmittel genutzt, wie Messer oder Kraftfahrzeuge. Anschläge mit größerem Planungs- und Vorbereitungsaufwand wurden eher aufgedeckt. Insgesamt ergibt sich für Deutschland das Bild einer zwar oft hoch motivierten, operativ-technisch jedoch wenig versierten islamistischen Täterschaft. Abgesehen von ihrer islamistischen Orientierung waren die Motive der Täter:innen durchaus unterschiedlich. Standen Taten zunächst häufiger in konkreter Verbindung mit der Veröffentlichung von Muhammed-Karikaturen, so waren spätere diffuser durch den IS inspiriert. Bei einer Reihe von operativen Einzeltäter:innen ist nicht eindeutig geklärt, ob ihre Taten tatsächlich im Kern islamistisch motiviert oder sie durch psychische Probleme der Täter:innen besser zu erklären waren. Die politischen Aktivitäten von Islamist:innen zur Erhöhung ihres Einflusses in Deutschland sind bis heute vielfältig und lassen sich kaum auf einen Nenner bringen. In Deutschland sind vorrangig lose islamistische Netzwerke zu erkennen, die nicht mit hierarchisch, gut organisierten Gruppen zu vergleichen sind. Es bestehen viele persönliche Beziehungen von Islamist:innen untereinander und es gibt bei den Vernetzungen deutliche regionale Schwerpunkte

    Creative Challenge research report

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    The exploratory research tries to understand a tripartite relationship between the academic, the creative industry employer and the student and their expectations within it. The role of the student being an important one here in this mix as a embodying academic education and rigour, but also a potential future employee with appropriate enterprise skills. It further tries to understand how an entrepreneurship programme, such as the Creative Challenge, can add value in this relationship and explore its role. From feedback of those students who have participated in the Creative Challenge, we know that it had a whole range of perceived benefits, including the development of new skills, better learning strategies, increased confidence, a clearer understanding of how their creative skills can potentially be applied in the world outside university. Finally the research touches on the relationship between entrepreneurship education and creative arts education
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