1,418 research outputs found

    Die Ad-limina-Berichte des Passauer Bischofs Heinrich von Hofstätter (1839-1875)

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    Zwischen 1844 und 1873 erstattete der Passauer Bischof Heinrich von Hofstätter (1839-1875) dem jeweiligen Papst insgesamt neun Mal detailliert Bericht über den Zustand seines Bistums ebenso wie über sein oberhirtliches Wirken. Weil diese im Archivio Segreto Vaticano verwahrten Relationen, die sog. Ad-limina-Berichte, sich in vielerlei Hinsicht als informativ erweisen, sollen sie der wissenschaftlichen Forschung im vollen Wortlaut zur Verfügung gestellt werden

    AUSz: Acta Juridica et Politica Tomus XII. Fasciculus 4.

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    Znaczenie cenzorów w systemie dyscyplinarnym republikańskiego Rzymu, czyli o specyfice społeczeństwa rzymskiego

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    Autor starał się ukazać znaczenie republikańskich cenzorów dla utrzymywania dyscypliny wojskowej w armiach rzymskich. Cenzorzy mieli prawo do ingerowania w sprawy armii, ponieważ sporządzali cenzus, a także przeprowadzali recognitio equitum i regimen morum. Wszystkie znane przykłady ukarania rzymskich żołnierzy przez cenzorów dotyczą ekwitów. Od przedstawicieli elity społecznej oczekiwano bowiem wykonywania obowiązków wojskowych z większą starannością niż od innych rzymskich obywateli. Z tego powodu analiza uprawnień cenzorów w kontekście dyscyplinarnym przynosi nowe konkluzje na temat natury rzymskiego społeczeństwa

    Il significato politico del mos maiorum in Cicerone

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    The author proves that the mos maiorum has a political value and highlights the evolution and crisis of this concept during the late Roman Republic. The mos maiorum is the ruling class’s foundation of power. The dominant political faction invokes the mos maiorum in order to legitimize its political authority. This faction is originally comprised of the patricii, who are later replaced by the patrician-plebeian nobilitas, in the half of the 4th century B. C. Finally, the power of an elite category of citizens, known as optimates, evoke the mos maiorum in order to legitimize their political power. The optimates embody the values of the ancestors. In the Late Roman Republic the mos maiorum is in great crisis. The moral degeneration linked to the crisis of the mos maiorum causes the political downfall of the res publica. The ruling class is principally responsible for the crisis of res publica; its absence of political unity is the essential reason for the downfall of the res publica. The evocation of the mos maiorum made by Cicero fails, because the res publica is not that of the time of the maiores, but it’s only a dim of the Rome of the ancestors

    Plutarque Éditions Traductions Paratextes

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    Le panorama humaniste se définit par la réception de l’héritage de l’Antiquité Classique, fondé sur la méthode philologique de la multiplex imitatio et de l’æmulatio avec les auteurs gréco-latins. Cette contaminatio gnoséologique construit un tout nouveau scénario dans la réalité de la genèse et de la création littéraires aux XVème et XVIème siècles, aboutissant à la production de nombre de Collectaneas, Florilegia, Adagia comme sources encyclopédiques des sententiae, exempla et apophthegmes, qui favorisent le dialogue entre les trois domaines du savoir que sont Philosophie, Morale et Rhétorique. Ces oeuvres, disposées par loci communes, ont une teneur didactique et c’est ainsi que la rhétorique s’allie à la pédagogie, à la philosophie et à la morale, pour l’éducation et la formation intégrale de l’ethos de; l’individu. André Rodrigues de Évora - Andreas Eborensis - a été divulgateur de Plutarque. Dans les Loci communes sententiarum et exemplorum (1569), qu’il a rassemblés à partir des Moralia, on examinera trois questions : 1) Quels sont les traités moraux qu’il retient ? 2) Quel type de sentences trouve-t-on et quel type d’organisation a-t-il choisi ? 3) Quelles sont les (possibles) éditions de Plutarque qu’il a utilisées

    Refiguring Moderation in Eating and Drinking In Late Fourteenth- and Fifteenth- Century Middle English Literature

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    abstract: It has become something of a scholarly truism that during the medieval period, gluttony was combatted simply by teaching and practicing abstinence. However, this dissertation presents a more nuanced view on the matter. Its aim is to examine the manner in which the moral discourse of dietary moderation in late medieval England captured subtle nuances of bodily behavior and was used to explore the complex relationship between the individual and society. The works examined foreground the difficulty of differentiating bodily needs from gluttonous desire. They show that moderation cannot be practiced by simply refraining from food and drink. By refiguring the idea of moderation, these works explore how the individual’s ability to exercise moral discretion and make better dietary choices can be improved. The introductory chapter provides an overview of how the idea of dietary moderation in late fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Middle English didactic literature was influenced by the monastic and ascetic tradition and how late medieval authors revisited the issue of moderation and encouraged readers to reevaluate their eating and drinking habits and pursue lifestyle changes. The second chapter focuses on Langland’s discussion in Piers Plowman of the importance of dietary moderation as a supplementary virtue of charity in terms of creating a sustainable community. The third chapter examines Chaucer’s critique of the rhetoric of moderation in the speech of the Pardoner and the Friar John in the Summoner’s Tale, who attempted to assert their clerical superiority and cover up their gluttony by preaching moderation. The fourth chapter discusses how late Middle English conduct literature, such as Lydgate’s Dietary, revaluates moderation as a social skill. The fifth chapter explores the issue of women’s capacity to control their appetite and achieve moderation in conduct books written for women. Collectively, the study illuminates how the idea of moderation adopted and challenged traditional models of self-discipline regarding eating and drinking in order to improve the laity’s discretion and capacity to assess its own appetite and develop a healthy lifestyle for the community.Dissertation/ThesisDoctoral Dissertation English 201

    Intorno alle leggi suntuarie romane nell\u27eta della guerra annibalica

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