41,632 research outputs found

    On becoming a physicist of mind

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    In 1976, the German Max Planck Society established a new research enterprise in psycholinguistics, which became the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, the Netherlands. I was fortunate enough to be invited to direct this institute. It enabled me, with my background in visual and auditory psychophysics and the theory of formal grammars and automata, to develop a long-term chronometric endeavor to dissect the process of speaking. It led, among other work, to my book Speaking (1989) and to my research team's article in Brain and Behavioral Sciences “A Theory of Lexical Access in Speech Production” (1999). When I later became president of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, I helped initiate the Women for Science research project of the Inter Academy Council, a project chaired by my physicist sister at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. As an emeritus I published a comprehensive History of Psycholinguistics (2013). As will become clear, many people inspired and joined me in these undertakings

    Polysemy and word meaning: an account of lexical meaning for different kinds of content words

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    There is an ongoing debate about the meaning of lexical words, i.e., words that contribute with content to the meaning of sentences. This debate has coincided with a renewal in the study of polysemy, which has taken place in the psycholinguistics camp mainly. There is already a fruitful interbreeding between two lines of research: the theoretical study of lexical word meaning, on the one hand, and the models of polysemy psycholinguists present, on the other. In this paper I aim at deepening on this ongoing interbreeding, examine what is said about polysemy, particularly in the psycholinguistics literature, and then show how what we seem to know about the representation and storage of polysemous senses affects the models that we have about lexical word meaning

    East European Journal Of Psycholinguistics

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    East European Journal of Psycholinguistics is an international double-blind peerreviewed academic periodical published semiannually. The aim of the journal is to provide a forum for scholars to share, foster, and discuss globally various new topics and advances in different fields of modern psycholinguistics. The journal publishes original manuscripts covering but not limited to the following theoretical and applied fields of psycholinguistics: Bilingualism Clinical Psycholinguistics Cognitive Linguistics Cognitive Psychology Discourse Analysis Forensic Linguistics First and Second/Foreign Language Acquisition Neurolinguistics Pragmatics Psychology of Language and Speech Sociolinguistics Translation Studie

    Introduction to Psycholinguistics—A Review

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    How the human mind constructs a thought and applies it into language is called psycholinguistics. The paper aims to flash a light on psycholinguistics for a beginner and tries to flash the area untouched so far on psycholinguistics, for a high end reader of the subject. Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language. The paper discusses the origin of the subject, its growth and issues and issues to be clarified through research. Further it throws light it sprawling areas and its present day uses and utilities etc. The paper ends touching the behavioral tasks, neuro-maging, and language production errors

    Onset of word form recognition in English, Welsh, and English-Welsh bilingual infants

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    Children raised in the home as English or Welsh monolinguals or English–Welsh bilinguals were tested on untrained word form recognition using both behavioral and neurophysiological procedures. Behavioral measures confirmed the onset of a familiarity effect at 11 months in English but failed to identify it in monolingual Welsh infants between 9 and 12 months. In the neurophysiological procedure the familiarity effect was detected as early as 10 months in English but did not reach significance in monolingual Welsh. Bilingual children showed word form familiarity effects by 11 months in both languages and also revealed an online time course for word recognition that combined effects found for monolingual English and Welsh. To account for the findings, accentual, grammatical, and sociolinguistic differences between English and Welsh are considered

    Amalan Psikolinguistik dalam Pemahaman Bahan Bacaan Asas Bahasa Melayu dalam Kalangan Pelajar Muda

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    The research seeks to identify and examine the psycholinguistics practices that has been instilled and inculcate by the teacher in their teaching methods and could be aquired effectively by the Year 1 pupils. The psycholinguistics experiences enable the Year 1 pupils to understand and acquire the basic Malay (Bahasa Melayu) resource materials better. This experimental research based on test and retest were administered on 50 Year 1 pupils of SK Morak in the district of Tumpat, Kelantan. The research findings were obtained from two consecutive tests based on the items contained in the Malay Basic Reading Module. This topic was approved by the senate meeting. Apart from using the quantitative experimental research, the researcher also used qualitative controlled observational method on all the subjects studied. Survey based on a set of questionnaires were carried on the teachers involved and the subjects studied. Unstructural interviews protocol, were also conducted on the parents and guardians. The data obtained through the achievement records were analysed and studied. The findings on the subjects showed that the subjects enable to acquire the basic reading skills better and more effective after instilling the psycholinguistics practices in the teaching and learning methods. The improvement in acquisition of basic reading skills was due to the exposition to various psycholinguistics teaching materials, techniques, learning strategies and a systematic teaching and learning approach based on psycholinguistics practices. Suitable level based items were constructed to test the subjects. From the research, we can deduce that the application of psycholinguistics has a very significance influence on the understanding and acquisition of the basic reading skills in bahasa Melayu. The implication from the research is that the application of psycholinguistics need to be developed from young and this is one of the challenges that teachers will have to confront and aknowledge especially to prepare pupils in the acquisition of the basic reading skills