177,487 research outputs found

    The impact of preoperative dexamethasone on the magnitude of the postoperative systemic inflammatory response and complications following surgery for colorectal cancer

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    Background: The magnitude of the postoperative systemic inflammatory response (SIR), as evidenced by C-reactive protein (CRP), is associated with both short- and long-term outcomes following surgery for colorectal cancer. The present study examined the impact of preoperative dexamethasone on the postoperative SIR and complications following elective surgery for colorectal cancer. Methods: Patients who underwent elective surgery, with curative intent, for colorectal cancer at a single center between 2008 and 2016 were included (n = 556) in this study. Data on the use of preoperative dexamethasone were obtained from anesthetic records, and its impact on CRP on postoperative days (PODs) 3 and 4, as well as postoperative complications, was assessed using propensity score matching (n = 276). Results: In the propensity score-matched cohort, preoperative dexamethasone was associated with fewer patients exceeding the established CRP threshold of 150 mg/L on POD 3 (odds ratio [OR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.26–0.70, p < 0.001) and fewer postoperative complications (OR 0.53, 95% CI 0.33–0.86, p = 0.009). Similar results for both POD 3 CRP and complications were observed when using propensity score-adjusted regression (OR 0.40, 95% CI 0.28–0.57 and OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.41–0.80, respectively) and propensity score stratification (OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.25–0.57 and OR 0.53, 95% CI 0.33–0.86, respectively). Conclusions: Preoperative dexamethasone was associated with a lower postoperative SIR and fewer complications following elective surgery for colorectal cancer

    Prognostic factors influencing infectious complications after cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC. Results from a tertiary referral center

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    Background. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) showed promising results in selected patients. High morbidity restrains its wide application. The aim of this study was to report postoperative infectious complications and investigate possible correlations with preoperative nutritional status and other prognostic factors in patients with peritoneal metastases treated with CRS and HIPEC. Methods. For the study we reviewed the clinical records of all patients with peritoneal metastases from different primary cancers and treated by CRS and HIPEC in our Institution from November 2000 to December 2017. Patients were divided according to their nutritional status (SGA) in group A (well-nourished), B/C (mild or severely malnourished). Possible statistical correlations between risk factors and postoperative complications rates have been investigated by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results. Two hundred patients were selected and underwent CRS and HIPEC during the study period. Postoperative complications occurred in 44% of the patients, 35.3% in SGA-A patients and 53% in SGA-B /C patients. Cause of complications was infective in 42, non-infective in 37 and HIPEC related in 9 patients. Infectious complications occurred more frequently in SGA-B /C patients (32.6% vs. 9.8% of SGA-A patients). The most frequent sites of infection were Surgical Site Infections (SSI, 35.7%) and Central Line Associated BloodStream Infections (CLABSI, 26.2%). The most frequent isolated species was Candida (22.8%). ASA score, blood loss, performance status, PCI, large bowel resection, postoperative serum albumin levels and nutritional status correlated with higher risk for postoperative infectious complications. Conclusions. Malnourished patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy are more prone to post-operative infectious complications and adequate perioperative nutritional support should be considered, including immune-enhancing nutrition. Sequential monitoring of common sites of infection, antifungal prevention of candidiasis, and careful patient selection should be implemented to reduce complications rate

    The relationship between systemic inflammation and stoma formation following anterior resection for rectal cancer: a cross-sectional study

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    Introduction: There is evidence that temporary defunctioning stoma formation in patients undergoing anterior resection reduces the risk of anastomotic leakage. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between stoma formation, the postoperative systemic inflammatory response and complications following anterior resection for rectal cancer. Methods: Data was recorded prospectively for patients who underwent anterior resection for histologically proven rectal cancer, from 2008 to 2015 at a single centre, n = 167. Patients had routine preoperative and postoperative blood sampling including serum C-reactive protein (CRP). Postoperative complications including anastomotic leakage were recorded. Results: Of the 167 patients, the majority were male (61%) and over 65 years old (56%) with node negative disease (60%). 36 patients (22%) underwent preoperative neoadjuvant treatment. 100 patients (60%) had a stoma formed at the time of surgery. Stoma formation was significantly associated with male sex (69% vs. 50%, p = 0.017), neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (30% vs 9%, p = 0.001) and open surgery (71% vs. 55%, p = 0.040). Of those 100 patients who had a stoma formed, 80 had it reversed. Permanent stoma was significantly associated with increasing age (p = 0.011), exceeding the established CRP threshold of 150 mg/L on postoperative day 4 (67% vs 37%, p = 0.039), higher incidence of postoperative complications (76% vs 47%, p = 0.035), anastomotic leakage (24% vs 2%, p = 0.003) and higher Clavien Dindo score (p = 0.036). Conclusions: There was no significant association between stoma formation during anterior resection and the postoperative systemic inflammatory response. However, in these patients both the postoperative systemic inflammatory response and complications were associated with permanent stoma

    Systematic review and meta-analysis of en bloc vertebrectomy compared with intralesional resection for giant cell tumors of the mobile spine

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    Study Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Objective To compare the recurrence and perioperative complication rate of en bloc vertebrectomy (EV) and intralesional resection (IR) in the giant cell tumor of the mobile spine (SGCT). Methods We systematically searched publications in the PubMed and Embase databases for reports of SGCTs, excluding the sacrum. Two reviewers independently assessed all publications. A meta-analysis was performed using local recurrence and postoperative complications as the primary outcomes of interest. Results There were four articles reporting recurrence and two articles reporting postoperative complications. All included articles were case series. In all, 91 patients were included; 49 were treated with IR and 42 were treated with EV. Local recurrence rates were 36.7 and 9.5% in the IR and EV groups, respectively. Rates of postoperative complications were 36.4% with IR and 11.1% with EV. Overall, patients treated with EV not only had a lower recurrence rate (relative risk [RR] 0.22; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.09 to 0.52) but also had a lower postoperative complication rate (RR 0.34; 95% CI 0.07 to 1.52) compared with IR. Conclusions Based on the limited data obtained from systematic review, SGCT patients treated with EV had a lower recurrence rate and fewer postoperative complications than those treated with IR

    Does the revised cardiac risk index predict cardiac complications following elective lung resection?

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    Background: Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI) score and Thoracic Revised Cardiac Risk Index (ThRCRI) score were developed to predict the risks of postoperative major cardiac complications in generic surgical population and thoracic surgery respectively. This study aims to determine the accuracy of these scores in predicting the risk of developing cardiac complications including atrial arrhythmias after lung resection surgery in adults. Methods: We studied 703 patients undergoing lung resection surgery in a tertiary thoracic surgery centre. Observed outcome measures of postoperative cardiac morbidity and mortality were compared against those predicted by risk. Results: Postoperative major cardiac complications and supraventricular arrhythmias occurred in 4.8% of patients. Both index scores had poor discriminative ability for predicting postoperative cardiac complications with an area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.59 (95% CI 0.51-0.67) for the RCRI score and 0.57 (95% CI 0.49-0.66) for the ThRCRI score. Conclusions: In our cohort, RCRI and ThRCRI scores failed to accurately predict the risk of cardiac complications in patients undergoing elective resection of lung cancer. The British Thoracic Society (BTS) recommendation to seek a cardiology referral for all asymptomatic pre-operative lung resection patients with > 3 RCRI risk factors is thus unlikely to be of clinical benefit

    Preoperative systemic inflammation predicts postoperative infectious complications in patients undergoing curative resection for colorectal cancer

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    The presence of systemic inflammation before surgery, as evidenced by the glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), predicts poor long-term survival in colorectal cancer. The aim was to examine the relationship between the preoperative mGPS and the development of postoperative complications in patients undergoing potentially curative resection for colorectal cancer. Patients (n=455) who underwent potentially curative resections between 2003 and 2007 were assessed consecutively, and details were recorded in a database. The majority of patients presented for elective surgery (85%) were over the age of 65 years (70%), were male (58%), were deprived (53%), and had TNM stage I/II disease (61%), had preoperative haemoglobin (56%), white cell count (87%) and mGPS 0 (58%) in the normal range. After surgery, 86 (19%) patients developed a postoperative complication; 70 (81%) of which were infectious complications. On multivariate analysis, peritoneal soiling (P<0.01), elevated preoperative white cell count (P<0.05) and mGPS (P<0.01) were independently associated with increased risk of developing a postoperative infection. In elective patients, only the mGPS (OR=1.75, 95% CI=1.17-2.63, P=0.007) was significantly associated with increased risk of developing a postoperative infection. Preoperative elevated mGPS predicts increased postoperative infectious complications in patients undergoing potentially curative resection for colorectal cancer