1,036,547 research outputs found

    It\u27s all in the lens: Differences in views on obesity prevention between advocates and policy makers

    Get PDF
    Background: Intervention strategies to reduce obesity include policy and environmental changes that are designed to provide opportunities, support, and cues to help people develop healthier behaviors. Policy changes at the state level are one way to influence access, social norms, and opportunities for better nutrition and increased physical activity among the population. Methods: Ten states were selected for a broad variance in obesity rates and number of enacted obesity prevention policies during the years of 2006–2009. Within the selected states, a purely qualitative study of attitudes of childhood obesity policy using semistructured telephone interviews was conducted. Interviews were conducted with state policy makers who serve on public health committees. A set of six states that had more than eight childhood obesity policies enacted were selected for subsequent qualitative interviews with a convenience sample of well-established advocates. Results: Policy makers in states where there was more childhood obesity policy action believed in the evidence behind obesity policy proposals. Policy makers also varied in the perception of obesity as a constituent priority. The major differences between advocates and policy makers included a disconnect in information dissemination, opposition, and effectiveness of these policies. Conclusions: The findings from this study show differences in perceptions among policy makers in states with a greater number of obesity prevention bills enacted. There are differences among policy makers and advocates regarding the role and effectiveness of state policy on obesity prevention. This presents an opportunity for researchers and practitioners to improve communication and translation of evidence to policy makers, particularly in states with low legislation

    Agroforestry definition and practices for policy makers

    Get PDF
    N/

    Women's Economic Empowerment and Growth in Low Income Countries: a global research programme (2013-2018)

    Get PDF
    This document presents research on womens economic empowerment and growth in low income countries. The joint programme will deliver policy-relevant research on critical questions faced by decision makers in improving the economic lives of women in LICs, with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The funds will be spent on commissioning competitive research calls to: (i) Generate robust evidence on the barriers that lock women out of economic opportunities, policy options to address these barriers; how women's economic empowerment enhances growth; how growth delivers sustainable economic benefits for women and girls and how rapid growth might help erode gender-based constraints on women and girls. (ii) Strengthen the ability of southern researchers to undertake rigorous research and engage with policy-makers through structured support by IDRC, mentoring from Advisors, south-south learning events, and co-authorship of research papers. (iii) Enhance research uptake by policy-makers, through syntheses of findings, policy briefs, and opportunities for policy-makers to engage with researchers

    AGEnda for Action: Building a Movement for Elder Women's Advocacy

    Get PDF
    Based on community listening sessions and interviews, outlines the priority issues for elder women in California and the insights of policy makers and advocates. Offers recommendations and an action agenda for funders, policy makers, and community groups

    Increasing Active Living: A Guide for Policy-Makers

    Get PDF
    Outlines how street layout, zoning, recreation facilities, and public building locations shape residents' physical activity. Suggests state and local policies on planning, land use, transportation, and space design to create activity-friendly communities

    Policy Makers Priors and Inflation Density Forecasts

    Get PDF
    This paper models an inflation forecast density framework that closely resembles actual policy makers behaviour regarding the determination of the modal point, the uncertainty and asymmetry in the inflation forecasts. The framework combines policy makers prior information about these parameters with a standard parametric density estimation technique using Bayesian theory. The combination crucially hinges on an information-theoretic utility function gains of the policy maker from performing the forecast exercise.Monetary Policy, Inflation Targeting, Bayesian Methods

    Producing and Manipulating Information

    Get PDF
    To reduce the chances of policy failures, policy makers need information about the effects of policies. Sometimes, policy makers can rely on agents who already possess the information. Often, the information has yet to be produced. This raises two problems. First, for a policy maker it is hard to ascertain how much effort an expert has put in acquiring information. Second, when the expert has an interest in the policy outcome, she may manipulate information to bring the policy decision more in line with her preferences. We show that experts who are unbiased toward the policy alternatives put highest effort in collecting information. Eliminating manipulation of information, however, requires that the preferences of the policy maker and the expert are aligned. Hence, when selecting an expert, policy makers face a trade-off. We show that policy makers optimally appoint experts with policy preferences which are less extreme than their own.
    corecore