49,455 research outputs found

    Theoretical determination of the Raman spectra of MgSiO3 perovskite and post-perovskite at high pressure

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    We use the density functional perturbation theory to determine for the first time the pressure evolution of the Raman intensities for a mineral, the two high-pressure structures of MgSiO3 perovskite and post-perovskite. At high pressures, the Raman powder spectra reveals three main peaks for the perovskite structure and one main peak for the post-perovskite structure. Due to the large differences in the spectra of the two phases Raman spectroscopy can be used as a good experimental indication of the phase transition.Comment: 16 pages, submitted to Geophysical Research Letter

    Perovskite-perovskite tandem photovoltaics with optimized bandgaps

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    We demonstrate four and two-terminal perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cells with ideally matched bandgaps. We develop an infrared absorbing 1.2eV bandgap perovskite, FA0.75Cs0.25Sn0.5Pb0.5I3FA_{0.75}Cs_{0.25}Sn_{0.5}Pb_{0.5}I_3, that can deliver 14.8 % efficiency. By combining this material with a wider bandgap FA0.83Cs0.17Pb(I0.5Br0.5)3FA_{0.83}Cs_{0.17}Pb(I_{0.5}Br_{0.5})_3 material, we reach monolithic two terminal tandem efficiencies of 17.0 % with over 1.65 volts open-circuit voltage. We also make mechanically stacked four terminal tandem cells and obtain 20.3 % efficiency. Crucially, we find that our infrared absorbing perovskite cells exhibit excellent thermal and atmospheric stability, unprecedented for Sn based perovskites. This device architecture and materials set will enable 'all perovskite' thin film solar cells to reach the highest efficiencies in the long term at the lowest costs

    Room-Temperature Processing of Inorganic Perovskite Films to Enable Flexible Solar Cells

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    Inorganic lead halide perovskite materials have attracted great attention recently due to their potential for greater thermal stability compared to hybrid organic perovskites. However, the high processing temperature to convert from the non-perovskite phase to cubic perovskite phase in many of these systems has limited their application in flexible optoelectronic devices. Here, we report a room temperature processed inorganic PSC based on CsPbI2Br as the light harvesting layer. By combing this composition with key precursor solvents, we show that the inorganic perovskite film can be prepared by the vacuum-assist method under room temperature conditions in air. Unencapsulated devices achieved the power conversion efficiency up to 8.67% when measured under 1-sun irradiation. Exploiting this room temperature process, flexible inorganic PSCs based on an inorganic metal halide perovskite material is demonstrated.Comment: 23 pages, 4 figures, and supplemental informatio

    A novel dimethylformamide (DMF) free bar-cast method to deposit organolead perovskite thin films with improved stability

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    We report a solvent-free approach to synthesizing organolead perovskites by using solid state reactions to coat perovskite crystals onto Al2O3 or TiO2 nanoparticles followed by addition of terpineol affording perovskite inks. We have bar cast these inks to produce photoactive perovskite thin films which are significantly more stable to humidity than solution-processed films. This new method also avoids the use of toxic DMF solvent
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