62,336 research outputs found

    Nigeria : un siècle de dictionnaires igbo bilingues

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    The ALLEX lexicography project, the fruit of an active collaboration between Universities in Zimbabwe, Sweden and Norway, has already led to the publication of two monolingual dictionaries, of Shona and Ndebele, showing that lexicography can be used sucessfully to promote the teaching and learning of African languages at all levels and the general use of these languages. After more than a century of lexicographic endeavours, Nigeria cannot boast of any such publications, as bilingual dictionaries still dominate. This study will consider some of the reasons for this situation, from the point of view of Igbo language, the third most widely language in the federation, and will assess the impact of published dictionaries on the development of the language, while highlighting the relationship between the educational sector, the Diaspora and dictionary production

    Selection of winter cereals for organic agriculture

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    Productivity in agriculture has more than tripled in developed countries since the 1950s. Beyond the success of plant breeding, the increased use of inorganic fertilizers, application of pesticides, and spread of irrigation also contributed to this success. However, impressive yield increases started to decline in the 1980s because of the lack of sustainability. One of the most beneficial ways to increase sustainability is organic agriculture. In such systems the prerequisite of successful farming is the availability of crop genotypes that perform well. However, selection of winter cereals for sub-optimal growing conditions is still neglected, and the organic seed market also lacks of information on credibly tested varieties suitable for organic agriculture

    Des Espèces de l’origine : le feuilleton scientifique de Louis Figuier dans La Presse de 1862

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    Dans la foulée de travaux ayant exploré la rhétoricité du feuilleton littéraire dans la presse du XIXe siècle, cette étude se penche sur la rhétorique du feuilleton scientifique de Louis Figuier, célèbre vulgarisateur sous le Second Empire et sous la Troisième République. Afin de voir comment Figuier traite une question très controversée à l’époque, soit l’origine des espèces, cette étude examine les livraisons de l’année 1862 de LaRevue scientifique de Figuier. Cette année est particulièrement riche en rebondissements scientifiques car L’origine des espèces paraît en traduction et d’importantes fouilles françaises sonnent le glas des théories fixistes de l’époque. Cette étude démontre tout ce que la plume de Figuier doit à certains dispositifs argumentatifs quand elle se trouve confrontée à la complexité de l’évolution.Following other analyses of the rhetoric of literary serials in 19th century press, this study looks into the rhetoric of Louis Figuier’s scientific serials. A well-known popular science writer during the Second Empire and Third Republic, Figuier published La Revue scientifique. Looking at its 1862 issues, this study analyses Figuier’s take on a very controversial subject of that day, the origin of species. 1862 was a notable year in science, with both a French translation of The Origin of Species and the demise of then-established “creationist-fixist” theories thanks to extensive research by the French. This study establishes the clear influence of selected arguments on Figuier’s writings when dealing with the complexities of evolution

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