23,913 research outputs found

    Chapitre 8. Signes dÔÇÖun traitement social de la mort

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    Les signes dÔÇÖun traitement social de la mort sont mis en ├ęvidence dans le chapitre┬á8, qui fait la synth├Ęse des d├ęveloppements pr├ęc├ędents et explore plusieurs pistes┬á: caract├Ęre s├ęlectif du ┬ź┬árecrutement┬á┬╗ des individus d├ęcouverts dans ces tombes, diff├ęrenciation du mobilier en fonction du sexe des d├ęfunts, ├ęmergence de personnes particuli├Ęres┬á: femmes dÔÇÖ├óge m├╗r avec torque, femmes avec parure surabondante ou pr├ęcieuse, hommes avec armes et, le plus souvent en sus, coupe m├ętallique. Il appara├«t ainsi une incontestable hi├ęrarchisation des individus en plusieurs strates qui tient compte ├á la fois de crit├Ęres purement naturels, comme lÔÇÖ├óge et le sexe, mais sans doute aussi de la position dans la soci├ęt├ę.Indicators of social structure within the funerary context are considered in Chapter┬á8, which begins with a synthesis of the preceding chapters and goes on to explore further fields of study such as how individuals were "selected" to be buried in these tombs, differences in grave goods according to the deceasedÔÇÖs gender and the emergence of such distinctive figures as mature females with tores, females wearing abundant or precious ornaments and males with weapons and, very often, a metal bowl. Individuals are clearly organised into a hierarchy composed of several strata based in part on purely naturel criteria, such as age and gender, but most likely on their position in society as well.Anzeichen einer differenzierten Behandlung je nach der sozialen Stellung werden im Kapitel┬á8 aufgezeigt, das die Auslegungen der vorausgehenden Kapiteln in einer Synthese zusammenfasst und mehreren Interpretierungspisten nachgeht: Auswahlcharakter der ÔÇ×Rekrutierung" der in diesen Gr├Ąbern entdeckten Individuen, Differenzierung des Grabinventars nach Geschlecht der Verstorbenen, Herausstellung besonderer Pers├Ânlichkeiten: Frauen reifen Alters mit Halsreif, Frauen mit ├╝berreichem oder wertvollem Schmuck, M├Ąnner mit Waffen und, meistens noch zus├Ątzlich einer Metallschale. Es ist also eine offensichtliche Hierarchisierung der Individuen in mehreren Schichten erkennbar, die einerseits auf ganz nat├╝rlichen Kriterien beruht wie Alter und Geschlecht, bei der andererseits zweifellos die Stellung innerhalb der Gesellschaft eine Rolle spielt.Manifestaciones de un tratamiento social de la muerte est├ín destacadas en el cap├ştulo octavo, que propone la s├şntesis de los estudios precedentes y explora varias pistas: selecci├│n de los individuos descubiertos en estas tumbas, ajuar diferente seg├║n se trate de un hombre o de una mujer, emergencia de personas particulares, mujeres de edad madura con el torques, mujeres con adornos abundantes o preciosos, hombres con armas, y, a veces, copa met├ílica. As├ş destaca cierta jerarqu├şa de los individuos en varios estratos que tienen en cuenta criterios puramente naturales, como la edad o el sexo, pero tambi├ęn, sin duda, la position en la sociedad

    Apparel of the Reformation: The Significance of Fashion in Tudor England

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    This paper compiles research that addresses the importance of fashion in Tudor England. Specifically, it describes the important relationship clothing had to Catholicism and Protestantism and how the differentiation of ideologies could be seen in the construction and design of garments along with the specific adornments worn. The significance of these questions can be seen within the importance of micro-histories in this discipline. Something as simple and overlooked as fashion and fabric can really shed light on how people lived in a religiously divided Tudor England and how fractured their religious and social structures were. The paper aims to show how the importance of oneÔÇÖs Christian sect affiliation permeated deeply into the everyday lives and wardrobe of Tudor subjects and how this display of affiliation through fashion was a decisive choice which furthered the already growing conflict between Catholic and Protestant ideals.No embargoAcademic Major: HistoryAcademic Major: PhilosophyAcademic Major: Philosophy, Politics and Economic

    Grasping nothing: a study of minimal ontologies and the sense of music

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    If music were to have a proper sense ÔÇô one in which it is truly given ÔÇô one might reasonably place this in sound and aurality. I contend, however, that no such sense exists; rather, the sense of music takes place, and it does so with the impossible. To this end, this thesis ÔÇô which is a work of philosophy and music ÔÇô advances an ontology of the impossible (i.e., it thinks the being of what, properly speaking, can have no being) and considers its implications for music, articulating how ontological aporias ÔÇô of the event, of thinking the absolute, and of sovereigntyÔÇÖs dismemberment ÔÇô imply senses of music that are anterior to sound. John CageÔÇÖs Silent Prayer, a nonwork he never composed, compels a rerethinking of silence on the basis of its contradictory status of existence; Florian Hecker et al.ÔÇÖs Speculative Solution offers a basis for thinking absolute music anew to the precise extent that it is a discourse of meaninglessness; and Manfred WerderÔÇÖs [yearn] pieces exhibit exemplarily that musicÔÇÖs sense depends on the possibility of its counterfeiting. Inso-much as these accounts produce musical senses that take the place of sound, they are also understood to be performances of these pieces. Here, then, thought is musicÔÇÖs organon and its instrument

    Das kolonisierte Heiligtum: Diskriminierungskritische Perspektiven auf das Verfahren der Musealisierung

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    W├Ąhrend der Zeit des historischen Kolonialismus wurden in V├Âlkerkundemuseen komplexe Formen rassistischer und religi├Âser Diskriminierung institutionalisiert, z.B. in den dort g├╝ltigen ├ästhetik- und Kunstbegriffen. Viele der heutigen Museumsangestellten erkl├Ąren sich deswegen zu Reformen bereit. Doch k├Ânnen sie sich tats├Ąchlich vom Kolonialismus trennen? Ist eine Dekolonisation ethnologischer Museen mit kolonialer Beute je abschlie├čend m├Âglich? Am Beispiel umstrittener Heiligt├╝mer lebender Kulturen untersucht der Autor das Verfahren der Musealisierung durch die Linse der Diskriminierungskritik. Im Fokus stehen dabei die Sammlungen der "Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin"

    Examples of works to practice staccato technique in clarinet instrument

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    Klarnetin staccato tekni─čini g├╝├žlendirme a┼čamalar─▒ eser ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒yla uygulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ge├ži┼člerini h─▒zland─▒racak ritim ve n├╝ans ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒na yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čman─▒n en ├Ânemli amac─▒ sadece staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒ de─čil parmak-dilin e┼č zamanl─▒ uyumunun hassasiyeti ├╝zerinde de durulmas─▒d─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n─▒ daha verimli hale getirmek i├žin eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n i├žinde et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒na da yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čmalar─▒n ├╝zerinde titizlikle durulmas─▒ staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n ilham verici etkisi ile m├╝zikal kimli─če yeni bir boyut kazand─▒rm─▒┼čt─▒r. Sekiz ├Âzg├╝n eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n her a┼čamas─▒ anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Her a┼čaman─▒n bir sonraki performans ve tekni─či g├╝├žlendirmesi esas al─▒nm─▒┼čt─▒r. Bu ├žal─▒┼čmada staccato tekni─činin hangi alanlarda kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒, nas─▒l sonu├žlar elde edildi─či bilgisine yer verilmi┼čtir. Notalar─▒n parmak ve dil uyumu ile nas─▒l ┼čekillenece─či ve nas─▒l bir ├žal─▒┼čma disiplini i├žinde ger├žekle┼čece─či planlanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Kam─▒┼č-nota-diyafram-parmak-dil-n├╝ans ve disiplin kavramlar─▒n─▒n staccato tekni─činde ayr─▒lmaz bir b├╝t├╝n oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Ara┼čt─▒rmada literat├╝r taramas─▒ yap─▒larak staccato ile ilgili ├žal─▒┼čmalar taranm─▒┼čt─▒r. Tarama sonucunda klarnet tekni─čin de kullan─▒lan staccato eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n az oldu─ču tespit edilmi┼čtir. Metot taramas─▒nda da et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n daha ├žok oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. B├Âylelikle klarnetin staccato tekni─čini h─▒zland─▒rma ve g├╝├žlendirme ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ sunulmu┼čtur. Staccato et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ yap─▒l─▒rken, araya eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n girmesi beyni rahatlatt─▒─č─▒ ve isteklili─či daha artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ g├Âzlemlenmi┼čtir. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒ yaparken do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi ├╝zerinde de durulmu┼čtur. Staccato tekni─čini do─čru ├žal─▒┼čmak i├žin do─čru bir kam─▒┼č─▒n dil h─▒z─▒n─▒ artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi kam─▒┼čtan rahat ses ├ž─▒kmas─▒na ba─čl─▒d─▒r. Kam─▒┼č, dil atma g├╝c├╝n├╝ vermiyorsa daha do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žiminin yap─▒lmas─▒ gereklili─či vurgulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒nda ba┼čtan sona bir eseri yorumlamak zor olabilir. Bu a├ž─▒dan ├žal─▒┼čma, verilen m├╝zikal n├╝anslara uyman─▒n, dil at─▒┼č performans─▒n─▒ rahatlatt─▒─č─▒n─▒ ortaya koymu┼čtur. Gelecek nesillere edinilen bilgi ve birikimlerin aktar─▒lmas─▒ ve geli┼čtirici olmas─▒ te┼čvik edilmi┼čtir. ├ç─▒kacak eserlerin nas─▒l ├ž├Âz├╝lece─či, staccato tekni─činin nas─▒l ├╝stesinden gelinebilece─či anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato tekni─činin daha k─▒sa s├╝rede ├ž├Âz├╝me kavu┼čturulmas─▒ ama├ž edinilmi┼čtir. Parmaklar─▒n yerlerini ├Â─čretti─čimiz kadar belle─čimize de ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n kaydedilmesi ├Ânemlidir. G├Âsterilen azmin ve sabr─▒n sonucu olarak ortaya ├ž─▒kan yap─▒t ba┼čar─▒y─▒ daha da yukar─▒ seviyelere ├ž─▒karacakt─▒r

    Theocentrism is not Anthropocentric: An Enlightened Environmentalist Reading of the Holy Qur'an

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    Humans should come down from their destructive arrogance stool to take the best cognizance of the fact that nature is a sculptural work of God. Their failure to realise this fact has been responsible for their formulation of the secular environmental theories which include; anthropocentrism, zoocentrism, biocentrism, ecocentrism, and the hybrid eco-feminism. Romanced with these theories the Holy Scriptures are also implicated by reading them in the light of one of these theories and considered anthropocentric. As a matter of fact, the best of these secular theories should never be taken to be representing theocentric view of the environment

    Animating potential for intensities and becoming in writing: challenging discursively constructed structures and writing conventions in academia through the use of storying and other post qualitative inquiries

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    Written for everyone ever denied the opportunity of fulfilling their academic potential, this is ÔÇśChloeÔÇÖs storyÔÇÖ. Using composite selves, a phrase chosen to indicate multiplicities and movement, to story both the initial event leading to ÔÇśChloeÔÇÖsÔÇÖ immediate withdrawal from a Further Education college and an imaginary second chance to support her whilst at university, this Deleuzo-Guattarian (2015a) ÔÇśassemblageÔÇÖ of post qualitative inquiries offers challenge to discursively constructed structures and writing conventions in academia. Adopting a posthuman approach to theorising to shift attention towards affects and intensities always relationally in action in multiple ÔÇśassemblagesÔÇÖ, these inquiries aim to decentre individual ÔÇślecturerÔÇÖ and ÔÇśstudentÔÇÖ identities. Illuminating movements and moments quivering with potential for change, then, hoping thereby to generate second chances for all, different approaches to writing are exemplified which trouble those academic constraints by fostering inquiry and speculation: moving away from ÔÇśwhat isÔÇÖ towards ÔÇśwhat ifÔÇÖ. With the formatting of this thesis itself also always troubling the rigid Deleuzo-Guattarian (2015a) ÔÇśsegmentary linesÔÇÖ structuring orthodox academic practice, imbricated in these inquiries are attempts to exemplify ManningÔÇÖs (2015; 2016) ÔÇśartfulnessÔÇÖ through shifts in thinking within and around an emerging PhD thesis. As writing resists organising, the verb thesisising comes into play to describe the processes involved in creating this always-moving thesis. Using ÔÇślanding sitesÔÇÖ (Arakawa and Gins, 2009) as a landscaping device, freely creating emerging ÔÇślines of flightÔÇÖ (Deleuze and Guattari, 2015a) so often denied to students forced to adhere to strict academic conventions, this ÔÇśmovement-movingÔÇÖ (Manning, 2014) opens up opportunities for change as in ManningÔÇÖs (2016) ÔÇśresearch-creationÔÇÖ. Arguing for a moving away from writing-representing towards writing-inquiring, towards a writing ÔÇśthat doesÔÇÖ (Wyatt and Gale, 2018: 127), and toward writing as immanent doing, it is hoped to animate potential for intensities and becoming in writing, offering opportunities and glimmerings of the not-yet-known

    Wildlife trade in Latin America: people, economy and conservation

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    Wildlife trade is among the main threats to biodiversity conservation and may pose a risk to human health because of the spread of zoonotic diseases. To avoid social, economic and environmental consequences of illegal trade, it is crucial to understand the factors influencing the wildlife market and the effectiveness of policies already in place. I aim to unveil the biological and socioeconomic factors driving wildlife trade, the health risks imposed by the activity, and the effectiveness of certified captive-breeding as a strategy to curb the illegal market in Latin America through a multidisciplinary approach. I assess socioeconomic correlates of the emerging international trade in wild cat species from Latin America using a dataset of >1,000 seized cats, showing that high levels of corruption and Chinese private investment and low income per capita were related to higher numbers of jaguar seizures. I assess the effectiveness of primate captive-breeding programmes as an intervention to curb wildlife trafficking. Illegal sources held >70% of the primate market share. Legal primates are more expensive, and the production is not sufficiently high to fulfil the demand. I assess the scale of the illegal trade and ownership of venomous snakes in Brazil. Venomous snake taxa responsible for higher numbers of snakebites were those most often kept as pets. I uncover how online wildlife pet traders and consumers responded to campaigns associating the origin of the COVID-19 pandemic. Of 20,000 posts on Facebook groups, only 0.44% mentioned COVID-19 and several stimulated the trade in wild species during lockdown. Despite the existence of international and national wildlife trade regulations, I conclude that illegal wildlife trade is still an issue that needs further addressing in Latin America. I identify knowledge gaps and candidate interventions to amend the current loopholes to reduce wildlife trafficking. My aspiration with this thesis is to provide useful information that can inform better strategies to tackle illegal wildlife trade in Latin America

    The Disputation: The Enduring Representations in William Holman Hunt's ÔÇťThe Finding of the Saviour in the Temple,ÔÇŁ 1860

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    This interdisciplinary thesis problematizes the Jewish presence in the painting The Finding of the Saviour in the Temple (1860) by William Holman Hunt. This ÔÇťJewish presenceÔÇŁ refers to characters within the painting, Jews who posed for the picture and the paintingÔÇÖs portrayal of Judaism. The thesis takes a phenomenological and hermeneutical approach to The Finding providing careful description and interpretation of what appears in the painting. It situates the painting within a newly configured genre of disputation paintings depicting the Temple scene from the Gospel of Luke (2:47 ÔÇô 52). It asks two questions. Why does The Finding look the way it does? And how did Holman Hunt know how to create the picture? Under the rubric of the first question, it explores and challenges customary accounts of the painting, explicitly challenging the over reliance upon F.G. StephensÔÇÖs pamphlet. Additionally, it examines Pre-Raphaelite and Victorian religious contexts and bringing hitherto unacknowledged artistic contexts to the fore. The second question examines less apparent influences through an analysis of the originary Lukan narrative in conjunction with the under-examined genre of Temple ÔÇťdisputationÔÇŁ paintings, and a legacy of scholarly and religious disputation. This demonstrates a discourse of disputation informing The Finding over and above the biblical narrative. In showing that this discourse strongly correlates with the paintingÔÇÖs objectifying and spectacular properties, this thesis provides a new way to understand The FindingÔÇÖs orientalism which is further revealed in its typological critical reworking of two Christian medieval and renaissance paintings. As a demonstration of the discourse, the thesis includes an examination of Jewish artists who addressed the theme of disputation overtly or obliquely thereby engaging with and challenging the assumptions upon which the disputation rests
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