44,077 research outputs found

    Anthropological and ethical foundations of organization theory

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    The ever more frequent and forceful criticisms of management sciences suggest that we need a new model. In fact, the number of proposed alternatives has multiplied, with some suggesting that the range of economic points of departure be extended, while others turn to other sciences (sociology, psychology, neuroeconomics, political sciences, philosophy) for their inspiration. This article suggests returning to the origins of economic science, action theory, with a broader approach that takes in the contributions of realist philosophy (Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas), with a view to laying the foundations for a richer organizational theory in which ethics plays a clearer role.action theory; ethics; management; moral virtues; organization theory;

    Systems analysis and organization theory - A critique

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    Normative technique approach to analyzing systems and organization

    General Organization Theory

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    The article is devoted to the origins of the new postneoclassical paradigm. The basis of the modern foundation of synergetics appearing was the scientific work of A.A. Bogdanov ‘Tectology’. For the first this study appeared in Russia and surpassed the Western scientific thoughts in the many decades. The following areas are reflected in the Russian study: the systematic approach, the cybernetic approach to synergetics as the science of self-organization of various systems. They appeared much later in other countries. A.A. Bogdanov introduced new concepts in the self-organizing such as non-linear system, the dynamic equilibrium attractor and revealed their role in the organization. Particular attention is paid to philosophy, dialectics in particular. Specific features of the similarities and differences of the two approaches in thinking are allocated.Статья посвящена истокам возникновения новой постнеклассической парадигмы. Основополагающим фактором в возникновении современной синергетики является научный труд А.А. Богданова “Тектология”. Это исследование впервые появилось именно в России и на многие десятки лет опередило западную научную мысль. Кроме того, в российском исследовании были заложены следующие направления: системный подход, кибернетический подход, синергетика как наука о самоорганизации самых различных систем. Эти направления исследования появились за рубежом гораздо позже. В самоорганизации А.А. Богданов вводит новые понятия, такие как нелинейная система, динамическое равновесие, аттрактор, и раскрывает их влияние на организованность. Особое внимание в статье уделено философии, в частности диалектике. Выделяются характерные особенности сходства и различия двух подходов в мышлении

    Organization theory and military metaphor: time for a reappraisal?

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    A ‘conventional’ use of military metaphor would use it to convey attributes such as hierarchical organization, vertical communication and limited autonomy. This is often used in contrast to a looser form of organization based on the metaphor of the network. However, this article argues that military practice is more complex, with examples of considerable autonomy within the constraints of central direction. It is suggested that not only might this be a more useful metaphor for many contemporary organizations, but also that simplistic uses of military metaphor divert our attention away from the functions that management hierarchies play. The discussion is embedded within a critical realist account of metaphor, arguing for both its value and the need for its further development

    Gendered Organization Theory

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    Using Organization Theory to Explore the Changing Role of Medical Libraries

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    This historical research review uses organization theory to describe and interpret the evolution of American hospitals, medical libraries, and the role of the professional librarian. Various organization theories are applied to explain changes in hospitals and medical libraries over time. The interaction between the organization and the environment as described in organization theory shaped the emergence of today\u27s information services. For readers unfamiliar with health sciences libraries, the study will provide a glimpse into the social forces that framed the development of this type of special library

    PSC 504.01: Organization Theory

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    PSC 504.01: Organization Theory

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