1,659,566 research outputs found

    Do non-profits make a difference? Evaluating non-profit vis-à-vis for-profit organisations in social services

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    This CPB Document provides a framework for the evaluation of non-profit organisations. This framework addresses the question under which conditions, and, if so, in what way non-profits should be stimulated. Essentially, in order to answer these questions, three steps can be followed: (i) identifying potentially relevant market failures that non-profits may aim to diminish; (ii) linking market failures to observed performance indicators for profits and non-profits; and (iii) use these insights to derive policy implications: should non-profits be stimulated? We apply the proposed framework to three sectors that are commonly labelled as 'social services': the care sector, the childcare sector and welfare-to-work services. All these sectors are subject to substantial informational problems regarding the quality of services. When surveying the literature, we find non-profit organisations only to make a difference in some specific cases. So far, there is no strong evidence that can be used as an argument to stimulate non-profit organisations in mixed markets. Moreover, such (targeted) policies may discourage donated labour and private donations, thus rendering them largely ineffective.

    Non-profit Marketing: Synthesis of Application

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    Contemporary developments indicate that the more globalized the world becomes; the more marketing thoughts pervade all spheres of human endeavours. The customary frontiers of marketing (the profit based organizations) have now been extended to include nonprofit organizations since the application of marketing techniques in their quest for survival is undeniable. This study is therefore an attempt at establishing the indispensability of marketing in the activities of nonprofit organizations (there after NPOs), and to show how lapses can be made up where they so exist

    California Non-Profit Health Clinic Survey

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    Presents results of a survey of nonprofit clinics on problems in recruiting, training, and retaining staff; contributing factors; negative effects of the shortage; and views on policy approaches to address it. Analyzes data by area and demographic served

    Fisher Non-Profit Global Project: Cusco, Peru

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    STEP Category: Education AbroadThis is my STEP Expo Presentation on my experience traveling to Cusco, Peru with the Fisher Global Business Office's Non-Profit project.The Ohio State University Second-year Transformational Experience Program (STEP)Academic Major: Accountin

    Funding and Taxation of Greek Non Profit Organizations and Enterprises

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    Surely, the economic aspect of non profit organizations is very interesting. The aim of the enterprises of this type is not to maximize their profits but to minimize their operational expenses, in order to survive. Therefore, the objective of non profit organizations is to ensure any possible financial resources and to exempt taxes. It is agreed that financial seeking and tax exemption are of crucial importance for the vitality of non profit organizations and companies. This paper studies the following issues: i. The modern approach regarding non profit sector and its social role. Ii. Funding resources and ways to support the non profit organizations and enterprises. iii. Law restrictions regarding the taxation of the non profit organizations and enterprises. iv. Financial operation and management of the non profit organizations and enterprises. v. Evaluation of the financial and taxation framework related with non profit organizations and enterprises operational processes. vi. Conclusion- suggestions for future policy actions.

    Credit risk and Basel II: Are non-profit firms financially different?

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    We estimate a model of credit risk for portfolios of Small and Medium-sized enterprises, conditional on being a non-profit or for-profit firms. The estimation is based on a unique dataset on Italian firms provided by a large commercial bank. We show that the main variables to identify creditworthiness are different for non-profit andcrucial for non-profit firms. Classification-JEL: G21, G28SME finance; Basel II; Retail banking; Non-profit

    Quality competition with profit constraints: Do non-profit firms provide higher quality than for-profit firms?

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    In many markets, such as education, health care and public utilities, firms are often profit-constrained either due to regulation or because they have non-profit status. At the same time such firms might have altruistic concerns towards consumers. In this paper we study semi-altruistic firms’ incentives to invest in quality and cost-reducing effort when facing constraints on the distribution of profits. Using a spatial competition framework, we derive the equilibrium outcomes under both quality competition with regulated prices and quality price competition. Profit constraints always lead to lower cost-efficiency, whereas the effects on quality and price are ambiguous. If altruism is high (low), profit-constrained firms offer higher (lower) quality and lower (higher) prices than firms that are not profit-constrained. Compared with the first-best outcome, the cost-efficiency of profit-constrained firms is too low, while quality might be over- or underprovided. Profit constraints may improve welfare and be a complement or substitute to a higher regulated price, depending on the degree of altruism.Profit constraints, Quality competition, Semi-altruistic providers

    Structural Isomorphism in Australian Nonprofit Organisations

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    This paper assesses the extent of structural similarity or isomorphism among non-profit organizations in Australia. Based on neo-institutional theory, the paper explains such isomorphism in terms of these organizations’ subordination and dependency, the uncertainties they face, and the networks of experts of which they are a part. The analysis uses the non-profit component of a 2001-2002 random sample of Australian employment organizations. It finds surprisingly little isomorphism in this subsample and few differences in isomorphism according to the level of the factors thought to produce similarity. The discussion of the findings focuses on the suitability of the non-profit sector as the appropriate organizational field within which isomorphism involving these organizations is likely to be produced. Industries, which include all organizations that produce the same product or service, be they non-profit, for-profit, or government, may be more appropriate interactional fields for the development of isomorphis

    Market structure and borrower welfare in microfinance

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    Motivated by recent controversies surrounding the role of commercial lenders in microfinance, we analyze borrower welfare under different market structures, considering a benevolent non-profit lender, a for-profit monopolist, and a competitive credit market. To understand the magnitude of the effects analyzed, we simulate the model with parameters estimated from the MIX Market database. Our results suggest that market power can have severe implications for borrower welfare, while despite possible information frictions competition typically delivers similar borrower welfare to non-profit lending. In addition, for-profit lenders are less likely to use joint liability than non-profits
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