22,086 research outputs found

    Trajetória Mestiça

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    Aos 17 dias do m√™s de outubro de 1717, Domingos Barbosa, filho leg√≠timo de Jo√£o Barbosa da Costa e Maria Ribeira, foi batizado na S√© Catedral de S√£o Lu√≠s do Maranh√£o pelo vig√°rio geral Agostinho Mouzinho Garro. No registo de batismo nenhum termo classificat√≥rio, relacionado com os processos de mesti√ßagem, foi utilizado para identificar Domingos e seus pais. No entanto, em 1742, durante a investiga√ß√£o de genere com vista √† obten√ß√£o das ordens sacerdotais, as testemunhas do processo indicaram que Domingos, pela parte paterna e materna, tinha ‚Äúsangue de gente da terra‚ÄĚ, tendo os seus bisav√≥s ‚Äúcasta de mamaluco‚ÄĚ. N√£o obstante o gentilismo dos seus ascendentes, Domingos foi ordenado e posteriormente exerceu a fun√ß√£o de p√°roco em duas freguesias maranhenses. O objetivo deste artigo √© discutir o processo de mobilidade social tra√ßado por este mesti√ßo, considerando as rela√ß√Ķes sociais constru√≠das por ele e sua fam√≠lia e as varia√ß√Ķes na conjuntura da Igreja maranhense no decorrer de Setecentos. Convergem para esta an√°lise o peso das rela√ß√Ķes pessoais e pol√≠ticas na supera√ß√£o dos estigmas geracionais em sociedades com tra√ßos da cultura pol√≠tica do Antigo Regime, bem como a postura de setores da hierarquia eclesi√°stica favor√°veis √† forma√ß√£o de um clero nativo em resposta ao imperativo da cristianiza√ß√£o dos povos

    Critical border zones and anti-extractive thinking : perspectives from the Andean world

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    While the notion of the Anthropocene signals the urgency for a climate transition, it stops short of restructuring the anthropocentric principles of the dominant economic and societal model. Pluriversal decolonial designs being debated and practiced in Latin America treat the crisis of the current civilizational model as an opportunity to propose alternatives that seek to reconceptualize the ways in which we organize social life. This article brings to light nondualistic epistemologies and argues that the anti-extractivist designs needed for building regenerative futures go hand in hand with anti-colonial epistemic resistance. A central part of the analysis focuses on the Aymara-Bolivian thinker Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui, whose relational ontology allows us not only to confront the colonial legacy of the Anthropocene but also to acknowledge the global diffusion of coloniality. Through the Aymara linguistic concept of ch‚Äôixi‚ÄĒa parallel coexistence of difference‚ÄĒRivera Cusicanqui proposes new ways of building community beyond colonial dualisms and around socioecological knowledges

    Learning ignorance and illiteracy through education: reflections on highland Bolivia

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    Literacy is clearly more than an ability to read or write in one language, and today we talk of multiple ‚Äėliteracies‚Äô. In each case, literacy represents education, knowledge and particularly the ability to get by competently in the world we inhabit; in short, it is about being a full citizen. This article looks at literacy, knowledge and schooling in a highland Aymara village in Bolivia, not in terms of what is being learned but rather in terms of what knowledge is lost through the process of schooling. Literacy and formal education do not liberate people but actually disempower them: while giving them one kind of knowledge, they can simultaneously act to make people ignorant. As with other indigenous peoples around the world, literacy pushes those in this village to see the knowledge of their parents and grandparents as valueless, and certainly not as something worth acquiring

    The History Of Vampire Folklore: Fear and Introspection 2000 BCE.-2000 CE.

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    The History of Vampire Folklore: Fear and Introspection, 2000 BCE.-2000 CE., is an exploration of the history of vampire folklore and how legends of vampires have influenced the behaviors of different cultures for centuries. Chapter one ‚ÄúAncient and Classical Vampire Legends‚ÄĚ begins with examples of pre-Christian vampire mythology including the vampire king Abhartach from Celtic Ireland, Classical Greecian vampires, Lilith as she is depicted in Sumer, as well the Old Testament during the Talmudic period of Hebrew mythology, and finally the Rakasha from Ancient Indian legends. ‚ÄúSlavic Vampire Folklore‚ÄĚ concerns European vampires, more specifically the three types of vampires in Russian folklore, as well as the key aspects found through all European vampire folklore. ‚ÄúVampire Folklore in Asia and South America,‚ÄĚ introduces examples of vampirism from Peru and Indonesia. ‚ÄúThe Transformation of Vampires in post-Romantic Literature,‚ÄĚ explores how vampires shifted from being a representative of failure to follow cultural capital into humanity\u27s battle with our own consciousness resulting from the publication of post-Romantic age vampire literature. ‚ÄúVampires Evolution Through Film,‚ÄĚ explores how after the release of the film Nosferatu: a Symphony of Horror in 1922, many film adaptations of both Dracula and other vampire characters influenced the vampire to once again change, causing him to become a staple in popular culture

    Decolonizing Literature: The Absence of Afro-Brazilians in the Anthropophagic Movement

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    This article analyzes how the Movimento Antropof√°gico (Anthropophagic Movement), an avant-garde cultural manifestation was conceived by S√£o Paulo's ruling elite and aimed to create a national identity. Inspired by the Indigenous anthropophagic ritual, in which the flesh of the enemy was consumed to acquire their skills, the movement proposed the incorporation and transformation of foreign European culture into national culture. This study is based on the analysis of the Manifesto Antropof√°gico (the Anthropophagic Manifesto) and the texts published later in the Revista de Antropofagia between May 1928 and February 1929. To theoretically support this work, I use the concepts of postcolonial authors such as Frantz Fanon and Boaventura de Sousa Santos. The objective of the study is to question how the absence of Afro-Brazilians happened and to deconstruct the myth of the attempt to build a Brazilian national culture

    Síndrome de fragilidad en adultos mayores relacionado con la diabetes mellitus tipo 2

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    Fragility, being a chronic condition characteristic of aging, with rates of physical and mental deterioration, which even causes death; It is important to know their relationship in older adults with diabetes; considering that this is also a chronic disease that causes eye damage, deterioration of the heart, blood vessels, hearing among others. The correlation of these two pathologies seeks significance in older adults. Objective: To determine the relationship between frailty syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus in older adults at the San Luis Hospital, Otavalo canton, 2022-2023. Methodology: A quantitative, descriptive-cross-sectional, correlational and observational approach was applied, establishing the existing correlation of frailty syndrome in type 2 diabetics in this health home; The population was 120 diabetic people over 64 years of age, members of the hospital's chronic disease care group. Results: The general results determine the prevalence of frailty in men, although it is also high in women; mild-moderate correlations are established for cognitive impairment and mild-moderate dependency considering the years of illness of diabetic patients; frailty indices are falls, ulcerations, dysphagia, pain, dyspnea, and insomnia. Conclusion: In older diabetic adults, moderate frailty syndrome was related to type 2 diabetes mellitus, with an incidence in males, establishing that the frailty index increased with age and years of disease evolution in both sexes. In addition, the increase in the frailty index is in patients with more than 10 years of the disease.La fragilidad al ser una condici√≥n cr√≥nica caracter√≠stica del envejecimiento, con √≠ndices de deterioro f√≠sico y mental, que incluso ocasiona la muerte; es importante conocer su relaci√≥n en adultos mayores con diabetes; considerando que esta tambi√©n es una enfermedad cr√≥nica que causa da√Īo ocular, deterioro del coraz√≥n, vasos sangu√≠neos, audici√≥n entre otros. La correlaci√≥n de estas dos patolog√≠as busca significancia en adultos mayores. Objetivo: Determinar la relaci√≥n existente entre s√≠ndrome de fragilidad y diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en adultos mayores en el Hospital San Luis, cant√≥n Otavalo, 2022-2023. Metodolog√≠a: Se aplic√≥ un enfoque cuantitativo, de corte descriptivo-transversal, correlacional y observacional, estableciendo la correlaci√≥n existente del s√≠ndrome de fragilidad en personas diab√©ticas tipo 2 en esta casa de salud; la poblaci√≥n fue 120 personas diab√©ticas mayores a 64 a√Īos integrantes del grupo de atenci√≥n de enfermedades cr√≥nicas del hospital. Resultados: Los resultados generales determinan prevalencia de fragilidad en hombres, aunque en mujeres tambi√©n es alto; se establece correlaciones leves-moderadas para el deterioro cognitivo y leve-moderado en la dependencia considerando los a√Īos de enfermedad de los pacientes diab√©ticos; los √≠ndices de fragilidad son ca√≠das, ulceraciones, disfagia, dolor, disnea e insomnio. Conclusi√≥n: En adultos mayores diab√©ticos, el s√≠ndrome de fragilidad moderado se relacion√≥ a la diabetes mellitus tipo 2, observando incidencia en el sexo masculino, estableci√©ndose que el √≠ndice de fragilidad aument√≥ con la edad y a√Īos de evoluci√≥n de la enfermedad en ambos sexos. Adem√°s, el aumento del √≠ndice de fragilidad es en pacientes con m√°s de 10 a√Īos de la enfermedad

    Imagined communities and ontologies of diversity in Peru

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    RESUMEN: El advenimiento republicano del Per√ļ dio p√°bulo al nacimiento de una nueva sociedad, presidida por el ideal asimilacionista, que convert√≠a a los indios en ciudadanos iguales a todos los dem√°s. En esta situaci√≥n, las elites precisaron de una ideolog√≠a que supeditara la igualdad jur√≠dica a las diferencias consideradas naturales, esto es fenot√≠picas, a fin de asegurar la posici√≥n del grupo dominante frente a sus competidores en la lucha por la explotaci√≥n de los recursos. La nueva ideolog√≠a recoger√° muchos de los caracteres que ya hab√≠an estado presentes en √©poca colonial, pero que acaso no se hab√≠an manifestado con tanta intensidad, para construir una teor√≠a explicativa, y supuestamente rigurosa, acerca de la existencia de los sempiternos segmentos de la poblaci√≥n peruana, entre los que, al menos, est√°n el criollo, el mestizo y el ind√≠gena. Sin embargo, la extraordinaria mezcolanza de la sociedad peruana, firmemente mantenida en el tiempo, niega la existencia de grupos sociales separados, aunque no contradice la presencia de un racismo social que sigue lacerando a la sociedad peruana actual.ABSTRACT: The republican advent of Peru gave rise to the birth of a new society, presided over by the assimilationist ideal, which turned the Indians into citizens equal to all others. In this situation, the elites needed an ideology that would subordinate legal equality to the differences considered natural, that is, phenotypic, in order to ensure the position of the dominant group against its competitors in the struggle for the exploitation of resources. The new ideology will collect many of the characters that had already been present in colonial times, but that perhaps had not been manifested with such intensity, to build an explanatory theory, and supposedly rigorous, about the existence of the eternal segments of the Peruvian population, among which, at least, are the creole, the mestizo and the indigenous. However, the extraordinary mix of Peruvian society, firmly maintained over time, denies the existence of separate social groups, although it does not contradict the presence of a social racism that continues to lacerate Peruvian society today

    √Āfrica, entre discursos heredados y emergentes: en busca de una necesaria revisi√≥n

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    El presente art√≠culo intenta poner en discusi√≥n el vigente rol de los discursos hegem√≥nicos que, a lo largo del tiempo, han anclado fuertemente en los medios de comunicaci√≥n, como as√≠ tambi√©n en otras esferas de la vida social. Hablamos de discursos que se fueron gestando y nutriendo desde diferentes disciplinas y actividades a lo largo del tiempo y que han ido ‚Äúmigrando‚ÄĚ a diferentes espacios y modos para sostener su legitimaci√≥n. La necesaria incidencia del (aun) poderoso discurso euro-norteamericano, hace que la situaci√≥n de √Āfrica (y la de otras partes del mundo no occidental), siga aun ‚Äúempantanada‚ÄĚ y amarrada a viejos discursos acad√©micos, pedag√≥gicos y medi√°ticos.Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educaci√≥
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