563,945 research outputs found

    Policy Guide For Municipal Leaders and Legislators

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    This Guide for Municipal Leaders and Legislators, is a companion to the full 2013 State of Our Estuaries Report, and focuses more specifically on what state and local leaders can do to improve environmental conditions in the estuaries. It provides a short list of priority policy options for decision-makers to consider, as well as model efforts from our own communities that can be replicated in support of our environmental health and economic vitality

    Innovative approach in improving of housing and municipal services in Kazakhstan

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    The author argue necessity to approach to housing and municipal sector in Kazakhstan as to market-based and comprehensive system producing quality and stable services to consumers. The article profiles policy directions and particular tasks and tools for further reforms in housing and municipal economy in the country.Housing, municipal economy, innovative approach, improvement mechanism., Public Economics, R31, R38,

    Effects of local fiscal policy on firm profitability

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    For decades, scholars and policy-makers have been interested in how fiscal policy influences entrepreneurship. Until now, research has focused on fiscal policy at the federal or regional level and used macro-economic outcome measures. Considerably less attention was given to how municipal governments can influence economic outcomes at the micro level. The present study examines the effect of municipal taxes, spending and tax compliance costs on firm profitability within the Flemish hospitality industry. This is an interesting research setting, since Flemish municipalities have far-ranging fiscal autonomy which has resulted in a proliferation of local taxes, many of which are specific to the hospitality industry. The findings reveal that local taxes have a negative impact on firm profitability, while aggregate public spending has a positive influence. The tax effect is economically relevant and exceeds the public spending impact. Finally, we find no impact of compliance costs from local taxes

    Policy Lending for LGUs: An Innovative Financing Instrument for Local Governments

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    Since the passage of the Local Government Code in 1991, what has constituted as a major source of loan financing for local governments is the Municipal Development Fund (MDF). Through the years, the loan repayments made by local governments have accumulated into a "second generation fund." Said "second generation fund" has recently been proposed to be used for program or policy loans to local governments. What is this local program or policy loan? How different is it from the regular type of loans to local governments? What is its objective? Is it likely to succeed? This Policy Notes provides answers to these.local government credit financing, local program loan, Municipal Development Fund (MDF)

    Water-Conserving Attitudes and Landscape Choices in New Mexico

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    Water Conservation, Residential Landscape, Urban Water Use, Municipal Water Program, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy, Q25, Q48,

    Municipal housing policy

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    Předmětem bakalářské práce „Municipální bytová politika“ je podat stručný přehled a obecnou charakteristiku bytového Fondu města Brna. Práce se zaměřuje na současný stav bydlení v tomto městě. Práce je rozdělena do tří částí. První kapitola popisuje bytovou politiku města Brna. Druhá kapitola se zaměřuje na analyzování struktury, rozsahu a stavu bytového fondu města. Poslední část mé bakalářské práce je věnována zdroji financí na obnovu a rozvoj bytového fondu.The subject of the bachelor´s dissertation called „Municipal housing policy“ is to give the brief survey and general characteristic of the Housing Fund of the city of Brno. The dissertation concentrates in the present- day situation of housing in this city. The diploma thesis is divided into three chapters. The first chapter describes the housing policy of the city of Brno. The second chapter analyses the structure, range and extent of the Housing Fundo f the city. The final part of the bachelor´s thesis offers on source of finance to renewal and development of Housing Fund.

    An Empirical Examination of Municipal Financial Policy

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    Current U.S. tax law creates a variety of incentives affecting municipal financial policy. Under current law,municipalities can borrow at a tax-exempt interest rate yet can earn the full market rate of return on any assets held. Residents, in contrast, if they borrow or lend as individuals,pay or earn the market rate of return but after personal income taxes. These differences in rates of return create a variety of arbitrage opportunities, allowing communities/residents to borrow at low rates and invest at higher rates.The purpose of this paper is to examine empirically the financial policy of municipalities in four states (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts and Rhode Island) to see to what degree these municipalities attempt to take advantage of each of the available opportunities to engage in tax arbitrage. Our datacomes from the 1980 U.S. Census of Population and Housing, and the 1977 U.S.Census of Governments. We find clear evidence that communities do actively engage in such tax arbitrage.

    Moderating Political Extremism: Single Round vs Runoff Elections under Plurality Rule

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    We compare single ballot vs dual ballot elections under plurality rule, assuming sincere voting and allowing for partly endogenous party formation. Under the dual ballot, the number of parties is larger but the influence of extremist voters on equilibrium policy is smaller, because their bargaining power is reduced compared to a single ballot election. The predictions on the number of parties and on policy volatility are consistent with data on municipal elections in Italy, where cities with more (less) than 15,000 inhabitants have dual (single) ballots respectively.run-off, municipal elections, political bargaining, property

    OPTIMAL ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT OF GROUNDWATER QUANTITY AND QUALITY: AN INTEGRATED APPROACH

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    A dynamic model is developed that jointly optimizes over groundwater quality and quantity for extractive municipal and non-extractive agricultural users. The model is applied to an aquifer in southern Ontario to analyze several policy scenarios, demonstrating that interactions between externalities can partially offset one another.Environmental Economics and Policy, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy,
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