330,698 research outputs found

    A 900 MHz, 0.9 V low-power CMOS downconversion mixer

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    A low-voltage, low-power mixer operating at a supply voltage of 0.9 V while consuming 4.7 mW is presented. The circuit achieves the multiplication using current mode processing. Moreover, non-conventional differential pairs that do not require current tail generators are utilized. The circuit has been fabricated in a standard double-poly, triple-metal 0.35 /spl mu/m CMOS process having a threshold voltage of 0.6 V. Measurement results for 900 MHz and 800 MHz input signals indicate that the circuit has an IIP3 of 3.5 dBm, a 1 dB compression point of -8 dBm and a noise figure of 13.5 dB.peer-reviewe

    Diamond Integrated Optomechanical Circuits

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    Diamond offers unique material advantages for the realization of micro- and nanomechanical resonators due to its high Young's modulus, compatibility with harsh environments and superior thermal properties. At the same time, the wide electronic bandgap of 5.45eV makes diamond a suitable material for integrated optics because of broadband transparency and the absence of free-carrier absorption commonly encountered in silicon photonics. Here we take advantage of both to engineer full-scale optomechanical circuits in diamond thin films. We show that polycrystalline diamond films fabricated by chemical vapour deposition provide a convenient waferscale substrate for the realization of high quality nanophotonic devices. Using free-standing nanomechanical resonators embedded in on-chip Mach-Zehnder interferometers, we demonstrate efficient optomechanical transduction via gradient optical forces. Fabricated diamond resonators reproducibly show high mechanical quality factors up to 11,200. Our low cost, wideband, carrier-free photonic circuits hold promise for all-optical sensing and optomechanical signal processing at ultra-high frequencies

    A Low-Cost FPGA-Based Test and Diagnosis Architecture for SRAMs

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    The continues improvement of manufacturing technologies allows the realization of integrated circuits containing an ever increasing number of transistors. A major part of these devices is devoted to realize SRAM blocks. Test and diagnosis of SRAM circuits are therefore an important challenge for improving quality of next generation integrated circuits. This paper proposes a flexible platform for testing and diagnosis of SRAM circuits. The architecture is based on the use of a low cost FPGA based board allowing high diagnosability while keeping costs at a very low leve

    Micromechanical tuning elements in a 620-GHz monolithic integrated circuit

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    While monolithic integrated-circuit technology promises a practical means for realizing reliable reproducible planar millimeter and submillimeter-wave circuits, conventional planar circuits do not allow for critical post-fabrication optimization of performance. A 620-GHz quasi-optical monolithic detector circuit is used here to demonstrate the performance of two integrated micromechanical planar tuning elements. This is the first reported demonstration of integrated micromechanical tuning at submillimeter wavelengths. The tuning elements, called sliding planar backshorts (SPBs), are used to adjust the electrical length of planar transmission-line tuning stubs to vary the power delivered between a substrate-lens coupled planar antenna and a thin-film bismuth detector over a range of nearly 15 dB. The circuit performance agrees with theoretical calculations and microwave measurements of a -0.06-dB reflection coefficient made for a scale model of the integrated tuners. The demonstrated tuning range for the SPB tuners indicates that they can be valuable for characterizing components in developmental circuits and for optimizing the in-use performance of various millimeter and submillimeter-wave integrated circuits

    Analog MOS integrated circuits

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    The goal was to design single-chip lowpass filters with constant group delay in the pass band and 60 dB minimum attenuation in the stop band. The desired 3 dB frequencies are (in Hertz) 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, 160, and 320. A filter class that satisfies the constant delay (linear phase) requirement while providing quite a narrow transition band is the Bessel-Chebyshev filters. It was found that the 7th order Bessel-Chebyshev response satisfied the requirement of the filter

    Adiabatic elimination-based coupling control in densely packed subwavelength waveguides.

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    The ability to control light propagation in photonic integrated circuits is at the foundation of modern light-based communication. However, the inherent crosstalk in densely packed waveguides and the lack of robust control of the coupling are a major roadblock toward ultra-high density photonic integrated circuits. As a result, the diffraction limit is often considered as the lower bound for ultra-dense silicon photonics circuits. Here we experimentally demonstrate an active control of the coupling between two closely packed waveguides via the interaction with a decoupled waveguide. This control scheme is analogous to the adiabatic elimination, a well-known procedure in atomic physics. This approach offers an attractive solution for ultra-dense integrated nanophotonics for light-based communications and integrated quantum computing

    Integrated p-channel MOS gyrator

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    Several circuits can be integrated into one chip for applications which require more than one gyrator. They can also be integrated with other p-channel MOS circuits to eliminate need for external connections. Devices can operate at economical low-power levels, because they use FET amplifiers that do not degrade with decreases in supply
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