9,902 research outputs found

    The Sound of Bass Culture(s): Heaviness, Blackness, and Ubiquitous Bass

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    Bass culture describes the shared affinity for excessive low frequency aesthetics. During the 2000s and 2010s, discussion of the term first emerged within the context of bass-centric Afrodiasporic popular music genres such as hip-hop, EDM, dancehall, and reggaeton. In this thesis, I theorize sonic elements of bass prominence through the concept of heaviness—a multidimensional timbral definition that extends beyond mere prescriptions of lowness and loudness. Historicizing bass centricity, I discuss Jamaican music during the 1950s and ‘60s where sound system practices contributed to the codification of bass as a sign of Blackness. Looking to the future, I present the concept of ubiquitous bass—the omnipresence of low-end frequencies now available in the latest developments of portable listening devices. Though a case study of Beats headphones, I argue that increased accessibility of heavy bass in virtual experiences marks a significant shift from established accounts of low-end theory

    The Impact of WWII and Changes Brought by the War on a Small Kentucky Community

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    War is a regular tool that brings changes and new opportunities for people. For the people of Logan County, life was rather stagnated between the American Civil War and WWII. During the Civil War Logan County played a very important role in the pro-Confederate movement in Kentucky, even housing multiple meetings and a convention with the goal of Kentucky joining the Confederacy. While this did not happen, this movement continued in the years that followed the war, as a massive Confederate hangover reigned over the county. This hangover, which can be associated with the “lost cause” dominated the way of life for decades. Many people in Logan County did not want change. They desired their pre-Civil War life, and ideas such as industrialization and acceptance of the Thirteenth Amendment were ideas that wany in Logan County did not support. The period was filled with violence and aggression, much of which dated back to the days of the war, and this continued until the WWII Era. It is during WWII that the people at home and those that served were so impacted by the war that they wanted to change. They now wanted new industries, they wanted more news, and they wanted more opportunities. Each of these are routed in WWII, and in the years that followed more changes occurred in the county than in the decades before the war. WWII brought Logan County into the 20th Century and changed the lives of the people in the county, in a way that did not happen before the war. Thus, making the WWII Era the most important event in the county’s history by bringing changes like factories, hospitals, a radio station and others after the war ended

    International Student Orientations: Indian Students at American Universities Around the Turn of the Twentieth Century

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    This dissertation examines the writings and experiences of five Indian international students in the United States during late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. By drawing attention to these students, I attend to the ways in which notions of freedom, progress, and inclusivity associated with American higher education, and liberalism more generally, are related to structures of racialized and colonial dispossession in India. I build these arguments by reading archival sources such as university administrative records, student publications, personal and official correspondence, as well as understudied aesthetic works, such as memoirs, travel narratives, essays, doctoral dissertations, and public lectures. These historical materials show us how Indian international students oriented themselves amidst the shifting power relations between British colonialism, Indian anticolonial nationalism, and American higher education. I explore how the American university became a site that both encouraged Indian international students’ anticolonial political work, while simultaneously managing and curtailing their sense of political possibility. I discuss how some Indian international students were drawn to the emancipatory tendencies of liberalism that they encountered on campus, but they never pushed their analysis to probe the ways in which racism and colonialism created the material conditions that guaranteed rights, liberties, and economic prosperity only for some sections of society. Conducting a historical analysis of the Indian international student therefore reveals the American university to be a paradoxical space. On the one hand, we find ample evidence that suggests that international students were welcomed into the campus community and supported in their educational and political endeavors by their alma mater. On the other hand, the international student’s experiences also reveal how racism operated both within and outside the university. Furthermore, the international student draws attention towards how the larger context of British colonialism in India pushed students to attend American universities, and correspondingly, how the American exceptionalist nationalist ideology functioning on campuses pulled Indian students into their orbit of influence

    Examining the Perceptions of African American Students in Regards to Disciplinary Policies and Procedures

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    This qualitative study aimed to examine African American students\u27 perceptions regarding their school’s disciplinary policies and procedures. This study was an attempt to answer the following central questions: What are the perceptions of African American students regarding their high school’s disciplinary policies and procedures? What is the experience of African American students suspended one or more times? Other questions to consider were: According to African American high school students, what conditions are perceived as barriers to effective discipline practices? To find answers to the above questions, African American students who have been suspended or recommended for expulsion one or more times were asked to participate in an interview. From the dialog, five themes emerged. The themes were the excessive length of suspensions, the subjectivity of the discipline policy, the issue with teacher absenteeism, awareness of the discipline policy, intrinsic motivation, and cultural differences. In conducting this study, the researcher arrived at three conclusions. They included creating policies and procedures, culturally relevant training for teachers, and implementing alternative discipline practices

    Tradition and Innovation in Construction Project Management

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    This book is a reprint of the Special Issue 'Tradition and Innovation in Construction Project Management' that was published in the journal Buildings

    A Very Socialist German Culture?: The GDR’s Use of German Classical Music Heritage for Domestic and International Legitimacy under Honecker (1971-1989)

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    In recent decades, with the growth of scholarly interest in GDR social and cultural history, the complexities and contradictions of GDR society have been unveiled. As a result, the conceptualisations of the GDR as, for instance, a ‘participatory dictatorship’ (Fulbrook) and ‘consensus dictatorship’(Jarausch) emerge to debunk the totalitarian characterisation of GDR society. This thesis complicates the GDR as a ‘participatory dictatorship’ by looking at the practices of German classical music heritage during the Honecker era. It asks how the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) endeavoured to manipulate the heritage domestically and in the GDR’s trans-bloc cultural exchange with Britain for its political legitimacy and assesses the outcomes. In tracing the interactions between all involved social actors (i.e., state authorities, cultural institutions, the classical music intelligentsia, journalists and critics, and the public), this thesis demonstrates the complexities of all the actors’ relations to the heritage practices. As the thesis shows, significant to the complexities were factors such as the de facto existence of capitalism within GDR socialism, the SED’s reliance on the classical music intelligentsia’s contribution for its power consolidation, the non-state actors’ pursuits of their Eigensinn and hidden transcripts in navigating their relations with the SED government. In summation, this thesis proves that German classical music heritage’s policymaking and implementation in the GDR’s domestic scene and its trans-bloc cultural exchange cannot be understood as solely ‘top-down’ constructs. Instead, they were subject to changing dynamics and shaped by conflict and contradictions, cooperation and reconciliation between all the social actors involved

    ‘Brought alight and alive’: community reuse of Church of Scotland churches

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    The Church of Scotland, a ubiquitous built presence in communities across Scotland, aims to sell 40% of its properties between 2017 and 2027 in response to a continued decline in membership and a historical accumulation of churches throughout its history of schisms and reunifications. At the same time, there is a growing body of land reform legislation aimed at facilitating community ownership of buildings and land, including churches declared surplus to requirements. This timely research presents two case studies of community reuse of former Church of Scotland churches during this dynamic period, utilising ethnographic methods to investigate the experiences and perspectives of those involved. The first is Bellfield, formerly Portobello Old Parish Church in the seaside Edinburgh suburb of Portobello and now a community hub owned by Action Porty. The second is Clachan Church, a small rural church located at the head of Loch Broom now owned by Clachan Lochbroom Heritage Trust. In considering these two case studies, this thesis asks why and how community bodies are formed to take ownership of former churches, problematising ‘community’ as a multifaceted and evolving concept that is unique to the circumstances of each project, and seeks to understand their relationships with these places as existing sites of significance. This research explores how community groups navigate complex mnemonic and narrative landscapes and develop both community and place identities through embodied engagements with the materiality of former places of worship. By describing and analysing two ethnographic case studies with differing circumstances, including community composition, building typology, and new uses, this thesis reveals diverse realities within the phenomenon of church reuse in Scotland and develops perspectives for understanding such projects, their motivations, and goals

    Borderblur Poetics: Intermedia and Avant-Gardism in Canada, 1963-1988

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    Beginning in 1963 and continuing through the late 1980s, a loose coterie of like-minded Canadian poets challenged the conventions of writing and poetic meaning by fusing their practice with strategies from visual art, sound art, sculpture, installation, and performance. They called it “borderblur.” Borderblur Poetics traces the emergence and proliferation of this node of poetic activity, an avant-garde movement comprising concrete poetry, sound poetry, and kinetic poetry, practiced by poets and artists like bpNichol, bill bissett, Judith Copithorne, Steve McCaffery, Penn Kemp, Ann Rosenberg, Gerry Shikatani, Shaunt Basmajian, among others. Author Eric Schmaltz demonstrates how these poets formed an alternative tradition, one that embraced intermediality to challenge the hegemony of Canadian literature established during the heydays of cultural nationalism. He shows the importance of intermediality as a driving cultural force and how its proliferation significantly altered Canadian cultural expression. Drawing on a combination of archival research, historical analysis, and literary criticism, Borderblur Poetics adds significant nuance to theories and criticisms of Canadian literature

    Gag with Malice

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    This Article brings agriculture privacy and other commercial gagging laws into the ongoing debate on the First Amendment actual malice rule announced in New York Times v. Sullivan. Despite a resurgence in contemporary jurisprudence, Justices Clarence Thomas and Neil Gorsuch have recently questioned the wisdom and viability of Sullivan, which originally applied actual malice to state law defamation claims brought by public officials. The Court later extended the actual malice rule to public figures, to claims for infliction of emotional distress, and—as discussed in this Article—to claims for invasion of privacy and to issues of public importance or concern. United States v. Alvarez recently identified the significance of Sullivan and the actual malice rule when announcing First Amendment protection for false speech. Alvarez notably excluded defamation from the categories of protected false speech. No federal district or circuit court that has applied Alvarez to agriculture privacy laws has considered Sullivan or the actual malice rule. Agriculture privacy laws are a type of gag law that seek to: (i) prevent the use of misrepresentations to gain access, employment, or unauthorized entry; (ii) prevent unauthorized or nonconsensual use of video, audio, and photographic cameras or recorders if there was an intent to cause harm to the enterprise; or (iii) impose a duty to submit recordings of animal or agriculture abuse. Some of the legislative histories of these laws demonstrate an intent to prevent undercover investigations into or exposĂ©s on the industry. Arkansas has applied a similar type of gag to all commercial businesses. The Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Circuits are currently split on the scope of Alvarez’s protection against agriculture privacy and commercial gagging laws. This Article demonstrates how Sullivan and the actual malice rule also balance the First Amendment right of privacy and press to gather and disseminate information about public matters. Part I introduces agriculture privacy and commercial gagging laws. Part II deliberates the civil rights roots and recent resurgence of Sullivan in contemporary jurisprudence. Part III contemplates how Sullivan alleviates First Amendment deficiencies that gagging courts left unaddressed, particularly with regard to the effect of gagging laws on undocumented workers and others in the marketplace of ideas about commercial food production