239 research outputs found

    Current issues in global furniture - Proceedings of the 8th biennial Furniture Research Group Conference. Missenden Abbey. Buckinghamshire New University 20 November 2013

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    'Current issues in global furniture’ attempted to capture contemporary views of where furniture is currently positioned from a world perspective. The first keynote paper firmly placed kitchen design into the field of furniture products showing that it has a similar stylistic development, but with nuances particular to its form and function. Ecological issues were raised concerning durability and the use of recycled components that perhaps to many is not what is expected within the domestic kitchen. Johnny Grey is no ordinary kitchen designer having designed and built kitchens all over the world within a wide range of budgets. Grey shows innovation in his adoption of green principles and especially in reusing components and materials

    An Archaeological And Historical Search For German Ethnicity At The Janis-Ziegler Site (23sg272)

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    Ste. Genevieve, Missouri is a small town south of St. Louis, settled by the French and home to the Janis-Ziegler site (23SG272). However, the German Ziegler family along with other German families resided in the town beginning in the early nineteenth century. The Ziegler family used the Janis-Ziegler site as a home and a tobacco shop. Beginning in 2006, archaeological investigations went underway on the Janis-Ziegler site. The purpose of this research is to figure out to what degree the Ziegler family showed their ethnicity while living at the Janis-Ziegler house. The second purpose of the research is to figure out whether the German ethnicity of the Ziegler family be uncovered through the material culture. In this research, I reviewed the English and German newspapers from nineteenth-century Ste. Genevieve, to reveal any ethnic differences between the advertisements. I then compared the findings of the advertisements to the archaeological and Ziegler probate inventory data. By doing this, the Ziegler family ethnic preferences became more apparent. I also included research on the landscape at the Janis-Ziegler house and inheritance practices of the Ziegler family, since these areas may also reveal the Ziegler ethnic identity

    Lurelle Guild's historical modernism: Americana and industrial design

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    Lurelle Van Arsdale Guild (1898-1985) was an author and illustrator of interior decorating literature; a collector of Americana; a pioneering industrial designer; and an amateur architect. Both a popular antiquarian and a modernist, his diverse interests often intermingled in his industrial designs. This dissertation uses Guild's multifaceted and at times contradictory career, which lasted from the 1920s to the 1960s, to explore how modernism drew upon the legacy of colonial American design to create objects that appeared contemporary but were grounded in tradition. This study positions Guild as the archetypal "historical modernist" while creating a larger framework for exploring the intersection of historicism and modernism in American design. The dissertation's introduction and chapter one explore the stylistic plurality that existed in the 1920s and 1930s and introduce the term "historical modernism" as a way to define the aesthetic and ideological overlaps between the era's dominant styles: the Colonial Revival and modernism. Chapters two and three focus on Guild's early career as an author and illustrator promoting traditional taste. The persona he created of the "Itinerant Antiquer" reflected his interest in early American decorative arts and architectural elements, which he and his wife collected and installed at Milestone Village, their property in Connecticut. Chapter four looks at how Guild's personal collection informed his work as an industrial designer. In the 1930s, Guild became a leading figure in the nascent field of industrial design. He drew upon his knowledge of Americana to create hybrid objects that appeared modern but were informed by the past and reflected the ambivalence many American consumers felt towards modernism. Chapter five explores the postwar years when Guild began to retreat from modernism. Instead, he focused on historicist design projects and became an amateur architect, building series of historical fantasy houses. Most histories of American modernism have disproportionately focused on forward-looking designs. This dissertation uses the work and biography of Lurelle Guild to reintroduce the idea of aesthetic pluralism into the historiography of modernist design and explores the legacy of the Colonial past on modernism in America

    Pipsan Saarinen Swanson: from interior decorating to mass-produced furnishings, ca. 1929-1955

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    This thesis examines the relationship between designer Pipsan Saarinen Swanson’s work in interiors and mass-produced furnishings. I assess how her career progressed from interior decorating, a field with many women, into areas of mass-production design with little female representation, namely furniture, lamp, metalware, and glassware. I also explore how her interiors, designed for individual clients, developed into product lines as well as brand identities aimed at national audiences. Part I of this thesis analyses Pipsan Saarinen Swanson’s early design activities, including her entrance into interior decorating in 1929. Parts II through IV focus on three lines of furnishings designed by her in partnership with various male architects in her family. I demonstrate that her interior decorating work drew her incrementally into and prepared her for mass-production work. Additionally, collaborations helped her access certain design fields and also served as gateways to independent projects. Released between 1940 and 1955, the three furnishing lines each grew out of her interiors work and, as I argue, each represented a different phase of her career in terms of her development as a designer and her visibility within family partnerships. Pipsan Saarinen Swanson’s renowned father provided her with vital opportunities, but she struggled to step out of the shadow he cast over her public image. On the other hand, she relentlessly uplifted her lesser-known husband, sometimes at the expense of independent recognition. I conclude that her forays into male-dominated territory were rooted in and nurtured her work in interiors; by foregrounding her domestic interiors, she anchored her career in a realm normalized as feminine. My analysis shows that her mass-produced furnishing designs closely related to her interiors stylistically. Mediating channels, however, reframed the furnishings to better appeal to middle-class American consumers. In marketing and press, the three lines assumed identities that spoke to the times they were released: the late Depression, when discussions about shared American values poured out of popular media; immediately after World War II, when business and political elites promoted individuality, diversity, and teamwork as 3 defining American qualities; and the early Cold War, when influential design writers promulgated a revisionist history of modern design, relocating its supposed origins to pre-1900 America

    Households of the Cape, 1750 to 1850 : inventories and the archaeological record

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    Bibliography: p. 193-208.The purpose of the research was to study changes that occurred in the material culture of the Cape during the period when the British took over control of the colony from the Dutch. There were three phases for investigation: the colony under the Dutch East India Company in the 18th century, twenty transitional years of interim British and Netherlands governments between 1795 and 1815, and the Cape as a British colony after 1815. An historical archaeological approach was applied to material remains surviving from those years, such as excavated artefacts, documents and buildings, that assumed these sources of material culture reflected the larger cultural, or cognitive, contexts in which they were conceived, made and used. Particular emphasis was placed on examination of household inventory manuscripts (lists of fixed and moveable properties, goods and chattels). Selected information from the inventories of more than 800 households was recorded, and further detailed analysis made of seventy-nine documents. Room-by-room appraisals indicate the layout (house plan), room numbers (house size), room names and activities (functions of spaces) within the house. These probate records thus provided invaluable information about houses, their contents and the placement of objects within the household, and could be investigated from the level of individual rooms on the day of appraisal to a range of houses over a number of years. By constituting the documentary evidence in a form compatible with assemblages of excavated artefacts, as a series uf space and time blocks, integrated information provided enhanced material cultural detail. Patterns were observed through time and across a range of regional and socio-economic situations. The first period covered a "I Dutch" Cape under the control of the eastern arm of the Dutch East India Company, but households were organised in a way distinctive to the Cape. Then there was a short period of relative freedom from governmental control, as transition was made from Dutch to British colonial status and trade options broadened, resulting in the wealthier urban households reflecting fashion, and to the benefit of many farmers. Finally, the Cape was fully incorporated into the networks of the British Empire, undergoing widespread adaptations to colonial society and changes in the material culture of households

    The material culture of English rural households c.1250-1600

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    Drawing on archaeological and historical evidence, which comprises objects recovered from archaeological excavations, Escheators’ records from the 14th and 15th centuries and Coroners’ records from the 16th century, this is the first comprehensive analysis of the possessions of non-elite households in medieval England

    Buying into the world of goods: Eighteenth-century consumerism and the retail trade from London to the Virginia frontier

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    This is a study of the cultural problem of consumerism. It examines the complex, rich, and multi-varied world of consumer goods in eighteenth-century Anglo-America, when traditional notions of hierarchy were increasingly challenged by new patterns of social and geographical mobility and changing measures of human worth. It was also a time when more and more consumer goods came into the lives of average men and women.;Few historians have scrutinized the role of those goods or the means and motives for their acquisition. Objects become an important part of the story of consumerism, however, by examining affordability (commodities and value), availability (local and long-distance access) and desirability (a complex bundle that includes differentiation or solidarity of group, formation of identity, and symbolism). Studying the retail trade of Britain and Virginia further focuses on how goods moved from manufacturer to consumer, and the environment and behavior of shopping.;This study then asks how the world of goods, often defined by elites and the fashion system in England, extended even to the fringe of the empire in backcounty Virginia. Careful examination of the merchant John Hook in Bedford County reveals an intensely competitive retail trade. Hook worked hard to attract and keep customers--middling and poorer men and women, free and enslaved--through his stock of high-quality, fashionable goods.;Everyday purchase choices--a ribbon or nails, rum or tea--demonstrate how men and women responded to larger Anglo-American changes and how local and market economies intertwined through trading home production and personal services for imported goods and groceries. It was the purchase of small, inexpensive items coupled with slowly-changing behaviors within an inherited cultural shell that defined backcountry consumerism. Thus, while many in the middling ranks of Bedford society fought and drank in small log-built structures, they also added small items of household comfort and dressed with an eye to fashion. Ultimately, Virginians below the economic elite and far from the cultural core were part of the hegemony of fashion-makers, but also chose to reject them through locally determined consumer choice

    A Brief History of the Teaching of Home Economics in the Public Schools of the United States

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    This study is the result of interest aroused by the realization that little is Imown of the origin and development of home economics. Although magazine articles and reports of committees are numerous, educational textbooks give scant mention to this subject. Therefore, it is to be hoped that this study will be helpful to students in the fields of home economics and education
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