16,493 research outputs found

    ÔÇ×Ich war mutigÔÇť: Eine qualitative Studie zur Rekonstruktion kindlicher Perspektiven auf Erfahrungen im pferdegest├╝tzten Setting

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    Das vorliegende kumulative Dissertationsprojekt besteht aus f├╝nf Fachbeitr├Ągen und befasst sich mit pferdegest├╝tzten Interventionen aus der Perspektive von Kindern. Zun├Ąchst wird eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit dem Forschungsfeld tiergest├╝tzter Interventionen vorgenommen, da hier h├Ąufig Erkl├Ąrungsans├Ątze herangezogen werden, die wissenschaftlich nicht abgesichert sind. Diese Ans├Ątze sollen in der eigenen Arbeit nicht reproduziert werden. F├╝r die Erhebung des Forschungsstandes werden Studien herangezogen, welche sich mit der psychischen, sozialen und emotionalen Wirkung pferdegest├╝tzter Interventionen bei Kindern befassen. Das bearbeitete Forschungsdesiderat ergab sich aus der Betrachtung bestehender Studien, da die Kinderperspektive in diesem Zusammenhang bisher kaum wissenschaftlich betrachtet wurde. Um zu verstehen, was f├╝r Kinder an pferdegest├╝tzten Interventionen relevant ist, wird ein Forschungsdesign verwendet, welches die Kinder in den Forschungsprozess einbezieht, sodass sie ihre eigenen Relevanzen explizieren k├Ânnen. Somit wird eine neue Perspektive auf bestehende Forschungsergebnisse er├Âffnet, welche ein tieferes Verst├Ąndnis f├╝r die Wirkweisen pferdegest├╝tzter Interventionen bietet und die M├Âglichkeit zur Evaluation der praktischen Durchf├╝hrung beinhaltet. Die Ergebnisse beruhen auf der Befragung von 23 Kindern die w├Âchentlich an einer pferdegest├╝tzten Intervention teilnahmen. Die meisten der Kinder lebten zum Zeitpunkt des Interviews in Einrichtungen der Kinder- und Jugendhilfe und nicht bei ihren Familien und standen somit unter erh├Âhter psychosozialer Belastung. Wie Kinder pferdegest├╝tzte F├Ârderung wahrnehmen, wird mit Hilfe von offenen Leitfadeninterviews und der Grounded Theory herausgearbeitet. Als zus├Ątzliche Ausdrucksm├Âglichkeit der Kinder wurden Bilder, die sie vom pferdegest├╝tzten Setting malten, als erg├Ąnzendes Material genutzt und mittels Segmentanalyse ausgewertet. Am Ende der Arbeit ist festzuhalten, dass in pferdegest├╝tzten Interventionen, mit dem Ziel der F├Ârderung von mentaler Gesundheit, reitp├Ądagogische Fachkr├Ąfte Situationen mit Pferden konstruieren, die das interpersonale Vertrauen und das Selbstvertrauen von Kindern st├Ąrken, indem gezielt die Bew├Ąltigung von Herausforderungen mit dem Pferd unterst├╝tzend angeleitet wird. Insbesondere die zentrale Rolle der reitp├Ądagogischen Fachkraft sowie relevante Wirkfaktoren werden vertieft betrachtet

    Examples of works to practice staccato technique in clarinet instrument

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    Klarnetin staccato tekni─čini g├╝├žlendirme a┼čamalar─▒ eser ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒yla uygulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ge├ži┼člerini h─▒zland─▒racak ritim ve n├╝ans ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒na yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čman─▒n en ├Ânemli amac─▒ sadece staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒ de─čil parmak-dilin e┼č zamanl─▒ uyumunun hassasiyeti ├╝zerinde de durulmas─▒d─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n─▒ daha verimli hale getirmek i├žin eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n i├žinde et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒na da yer verilmi┼čtir. ├çal─▒┼čmalar─▒n ├╝zerinde titizlikle durulmas─▒ staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n ilham verici etkisi ile m├╝zikal kimli─če yeni bir boyut kazand─▒rm─▒┼čt─▒r. Sekiz ├Âzg├╝n eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n her a┼čamas─▒ anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Her a┼čaman─▒n bir sonraki performans ve tekni─či g├╝├žlendirmesi esas al─▒nm─▒┼čt─▒r. Bu ├žal─▒┼čmada staccato tekni─činin hangi alanlarda kullan─▒ld─▒─č─▒, nas─▒l sonu├žlar elde edildi─či bilgisine yer verilmi┼čtir. Notalar─▒n parmak ve dil uyumu ile nas─▒l ┼čekillenece─či ve nas─▒l bir ├žal─▒┼čma disiplini i├žinde ger├žekle┼čece─či planlanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Kam─▒┼č-nota-diyafram-parmak-dil-n├╝ans ve disiplin kavramlar─▒n─▒n staccato tekni─činde ayr─▒lmaz bir b├╝t├╝n oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Ara┼čt─▒rmada literat├╝r taramas─▒ yap─▒larak staccato ile ilgili ├žal─▒┼čmalar taranm─▒┼čt─▒r. Tarama sonucunda klarnet tekni─čin de kullan─▒lan staccato eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n az oldu─ču tespit edilmi┼čtir. Metot taramas─▒nda da et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n daha ├žok oldu─ču saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. B├Âylelikle klarnetin staccato tekni─čini h─▒zland─▒rma ve g├╝├žlendirme ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ sunulmu┼čtur. Staccato et├╝t ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒ yap─▒l─▒rken, araya eser ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒n girmesi beyni rahatlatt─▒─č─▒ ve isteklili─či daha artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ g├Âzlemlenmi┼čtir. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmas─▒n─▒ yaparken do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi ├╝zerinde de durulmu┼čtur. Staccato tekni─čini do─čru ├žal─▒┼čmak i├žin do─čru bir kam─▒┼č─▒n dil h─▒z─▒n─▒ artt─▒rd─▒─č─▒ saptanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žimi kam─▒┼čtan rahat ses ├ž─▒kmas─▒na ba─čl─▒d─▒r. Kam─▒┼č, dil atma g├╝c├╝n├╝ vermiyorsa daha do─čru bir kam─▒┼č se├žiminin yap─▒lmas─▒ gereklili─či vurgulanm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒nda ba┼čtan sona bir eseri yorumlamak zor olabilir. Bu a├ž─▒dan ├žal─▒┼čma, verilen m├╝zikal n├╝anslara uyman─▒n, dil at─▒┼č performans─▒n─▒ rahatlatt─▒─č─▒n─▒ ortaya koymu┼čtur. Gelecek nesillere edinilen bilgi ve birikimlerin aktar─▒lmas─▒ ve geli┼čtirici olmas─▒ te┼čvik edilmi┼čtir. ├ç─▒kacak eserlerin nas─▒l ├ž├Âz├╝lece─či, staccato tekni─činin nas─▒l ├╝stesinden gelinebilece─či anlat─▒lm─▒┼čt─▒r. Staccato tekni─činin daha k─▒sa s├╝rede ├ž├Âz├╝me kavu┼čturulmas─▒ ama├ž edinilmi┼čtir. Parmaklar─▒n yerlerini ├Â─čretti─čimiz kadar belle─čimize de ├žal─▒┼čmalar─▒n kaydedilmesi ├Ânemlidir. G├Âsterilen azmin ve sabr─▒n sonucu olarak ortaya ├ž─▒kan yap─▒t ba┼čar─▒y─▒ daha da yukar─▒ seviyelere ├ž─▒karacakt─▒r

    A Decision Support System for Economic Viability and Environmental Impact Assessment of Vertical Farms

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    Vertical farming (VF) is the practice of growing crops or animals using the vertical dimension via multi-tier racks or vertically inclined surfaces. In this thesis, I focus on the emerging industry of plant-specific VF. Vertical plant farming (VPF) is a promising and relatively novel practice that can be conducted in buildings with environmental control and artificial lighting. However, the nascent sector has experienced challenges in economic viability, standardisation, and environmental sustainability. Practitioners and academics call for a comprehensive financial analysis of VPF, but efforts are stifled by a lack of valid and available data. A review of economic estimation and horticultural software identifies a need for a decision support system (DSS) that facilitates risk-empowered business planning for vertical farmers. This thesis proposes an open-source DSS framework to evaluate business sustainability through financial risk and environmental impact assessments. Data from the literature, alongside lessons learned from industry practitioners, would be centralised in the proposed DSS using imprecise data techniques. These techniques have been applied in engineering but are seldom used in financial forecasting. This could benefit complex sectors which only have scarce data to predict business viability. To begin the execution of the DSS framework, VPF practitioners were interviewed using a mixed-methods approach. Learnings from over 19 shuttered and operational VPF projects provide insights into the barriers inhibiting scalability and identifying risks to form a risk taxonomy. Labour was the most commonly reported top challenge. Therefore, research was conducted to explore lean principles to improve productivity. A probabilistic model representing a spectrum of variables and their associated uncertainty was built according to the DSS framework to evaluate the financial risk for VF projects. This enabled flexible computation without precise production or financial data to improve economic estimation accuracy. The model assessed two VPF cases (one in the UK and another in Japan), demonstrating the first risk and uncertainty quantification of VPF business models in the literature. The results highlighted measures to improve economic viability and the viability of the UK and Japan case. The environmental impact assessment model was developed, allowing VPF operators to evaluate their carbon footprint compared to traditional agriculture using life-cycle assessment. I explore strategies for net-zero carbon production through sensitivity analysis. Renewable energies, especially solar, geothermal, and tidal power, show promise for reducing the carbon emissions of indoor VPF. Results show that renewably-powered VPF can reduce carbon emissions compared to field-based agriculture when considering the land-use change. The drivers for DSS adoption have been researched, showing a pathway of compliance and design thinking to overcome the ÔÇśproblem of implementationÔÇÖ and enable commercialisation. Further work is suggested to standardise VF equipment, collect benchmarking data, and characterise risks. This work will reduce risk and uncertainty and accelerate the sectorÔÇÖs emergence

    Fatores que determinam a n├úo prossecu├ž├úo de estudos superiores em Mo├žambique: sua mitiga├ž├úo atrav├ęs da educa├ž├úo a dist├óncia

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    O estudo realizado com alunos da 12┬¬ classe, em dez distritos de Mo├žambique e igual n├║mero de escolas pretendeu identificar as raz├Áes que levavam esses alunos a n├úo prosseguirem os estudos superiores ap├│s a conclus├úo daquele n├şvel e/ou equivalente. Em cada distrito de estudo, selecionou-se uma escola, e depois uma turma, de forma aleat├│ria. Nesses distritos, havia colaboradores para administrarem os question├írios e os devolverem com respostas. Designam-se colaboradores, neste estudo, os sujeitos que operacionalizaram o trabalho de campo. A sua integra├ž├úo no estudo deveu-se ├á dificuldade da investigadora em se fazer presente nesses distritos, dada a dimens├úo do pa├şs, a quest├Áes log├şsticas e ao tempo. Para a intera├ž├úo com esses colaboradores foram utilizados seus endere├žos eletr├│nicos e telef├│nicos. Esse estudo, de natureza qualitativa, foi fundado num paradigma descritivo. Para a recolha de dados foram distribu├şdos 500 question├írios autoadministrados e obtidas 416 respostas. Foram tamb├ęm realizadas cinco entrevistas com informantes-chave por chamada telef├│nica com grava├ž├úo. Para a an├ílise dos dados provenientes dos question├írios foi utilizado o sotfware estat├şstico SPSS e para os dados das entrevistas a an├ílise de conte├║do com base na adapta├ž├úo das fases eleitas por Laurence Bardin (2018). Os resultados da investiga├ž├úo indiciam que na origem do fen├│meno em estudo est├úo motiva├ž├Áes de natureza socioecon├│mica, nomeadamente: baixo rendimento das fam├şlias e, por consequ├¬ncia, fraco poder de compra; baixa performance escolar dos alunos; fraca explora├ž├úo das Tecnologias de Informa├ž├úo e Comunica├ž├úo em contexto educativo e outros fatores culturais. Parte desses resultados corroboram com as conclus├Áes de outros estudos, que est├úo na base do referencial te├│rico da presente investiga├ž├úo. Para a realiza├ž├úo do estudo foram solicitadas autoriza├ž├Áes, por sua vez autorizadas pelo Minist├ęrio da Educa├ž├úo, e a outros ├│rg├úos e sujeitos envolvidos no estudo.The study carried out with 12th grade students in ten districts of Mozambique and an equal number of schools sought to identify the reasons that led these students not to pursue higher education after completing that level and/or equivalent. Similar studies have been carried out in other countries; we were concerned with the perception of the phenomenon in the Mozambican context. In each study district, a school, and then a class, was seleted at random. In these districts, there were collaborators to administer the questionnaires and return them with answers. In this study, collaborators are designated as the subjects who carried out the fieldwork. Their integration in the study was due to the researcher's difficulty in being present in these districts, given the country's size, logistics issues and time. To interact with those collaborators their electronic addresses and telephone contacts were used. The qualitative study is based on a descriptive paradigm. For data collection, 500 self-administered questionnaires were distributed and 416 responses obtained. Five interviews were also conducted with key informants by telephone with recording. For the analysis of the data from the questionnaires, the statistical software SPSS was used, and for the data of the interviews, content analysis based on the phases proposed by Laurence Bardin was chosen. The results of the study indicate that at the origin of the phenomenon under study are motivations of a socioeconomic nature, namely: low household income and, consequently, weak purchasing power; poor school performance of students; weak exploitation of Information and Communication Technologies in an educational context, including cultural factors. Part of the results obtained corroborate the conclusions of other studies that are the basis of the theoretical framework of the study. In order to carry out the study, authorizations were requested to the Ministry of Education and other similar entities, having been authorized. Autorizations were also requested from collaborators including other study participants.FCT, FSE e Instituto de Bolsas de Estudos de Mo├žambique (IBE)Programa Doutoral em Multim├ędia em Educa├ž├ú

    Building body identities - exploring the world of female bodybuilders

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    This thesis explores how female bodybuilders seek to develop and maintain a viable sense of self despite being stigmatized by the gendered foundations of what Erving Goffman (1983) refers to as the 'interaction order'; the unavoidable presentational context in which identities are forged during the course of social life. Placed in the context of an overview of the historical treatment of women's bodies, and a concern with the development of bodybuilding as a specific form of body modification, the research draws upon a unique two year ethnographic study based in the South of England, complemented by interviews with twenty-six female bodybuilders, all of whom live in the U.K. By mapping these extraordinary women's lives, the research illuminates the pivotal spaces and essential lived experiences that make up the female bodybuilder. Whilst the women appear to be embarking on an 'empowering' radical body project for themselves, the consequences of their activity remains culturally ambivalent. This research exposes the 'Janus-faced' nature of female bodybuilding, exploring the ways in which the women negotiate, accommodate and resist pressures to engage in more orthodox and feminine activities and appearances

    'Exarcheia doesn't exist': Authenticity, Resistance and Archival Politics in Athens

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    My thesis investigates the ways people, materialities and urban spaces interact to form affective ecologies and produce historicity. It focuses on the neighbourhood of Exarcheia, AthensÔÇÖ contested political topography par excellence, known for its production of radical politics of discontent and resistance to state oppression and eoliberal capitalism. Embracing ExarcheiaÔÇÖs controversial status within Greek vernacular, media and state discourses, this thesis aims to unpick the neighbourhoodsÔÇÖ socio-spatial assemblage imbued with affect and formed through the numerous (mis)understandings and (mis)interpretations rooted in its turbulent political history. Drawing on theory on urban spaces, affect, hauntology and archival politics, I argue for Exarcheia as an unwavering archival space composed of affective chronotopes ÔÇô (in)tangible loci that defy space and temporality. I posit that the interwoven narratives and materialities emerging in my fieldwork are persistently ÔÇô and perhaps obsessively ÔÇô reiterating themselves and remaining imprinted on the neighbourhoodÔÇÖs landscape as an incessant reminder of violent histories that the state often seeks to erase and forget. Through this analysis, I contribute to understandings of place as a primary ethnographic ÔÇśobjectÔÇÖ and the ways in which place forms complex interactions and relationships with social actors, shapes their subjectivities, retains and bestows their memories and senses of historicity

    The crisis of cultural authority in museums : contesting human remains in the collections of Britain

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    Museums in Britain have displayed and researched human remains since the eighteenth century. However, in the last two decades human remains in collections have become subject to claims and controversies. Firstly, human remains associated with acquisition during the colonial period have become increasingly difficult to retain and have been transfered to culturally affiliated overseas indigenous groups. Secondly, a group of British Pagans have formed to make claims on ancient human remains in collections. Thirdly, human remains that are not requested by any community group, and of all ages, have become the focus of concerns expressed about their treatment by members of the profession. A discourse arguing for 'respect' has emerged, which argues that all human remains should be treated with new care. The claims made on human remains have been vigourously but differentially contested by members of the sector, who consider the human remains to be unique research objects. This thesis charts the influences at play on the contestation over human remains and examines its construction. The academic literature tends to understand changes to museums as a result of external factors. This thesis argues that this problem is influenced by a crisis of legitimacy and establishes that there are strong internal influences. Through a weak social constructionist approach I demonstrate that the issue has been promoted by influential members of the sector as part of a broader attempt to distance themselves from their foundational role, as a consequence of a crisis of cultural authority stimulated by external and internal factors. The symbolic character of human remains in locating this problem is informed by the unique properties of dead bodies and is influenced by the significance of the body as a scientific object; its association with identity work and as a site of political struggle, in the high modem period

    Conscience and Consciousness: British Theatre and Human Rights.

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    This research project investigates a paradigm of human rights theatre. Through the lens of performance and theatre-making, this thesis explores how we came to represent, speak about, discuss, and own human rights in Britain. My framework of ÔÇśhuman rights theatreÔÇÖ proposes three distinctive features: firstly, such works dramatise real-world issues and highlights the role of the state in endangering its citizens; secondly, ethical ruptures are encountered within and without the drama, and finally, these performances characteristically aspire to produce an activist effect on the collective behaviours of the audience. This thesis interrogates the strategies theatre-makers use to articulate human rights concerns or to animate human rights intent. The selected case-studies for this investigation are ice&fireÔÇÖs testimonial project, Actors for Human Rights; Badac Theatre; Jonathan HolmesÔÇÖ work as director of Jericho House; Cardboard CitizensÔÇÖ youth participation programme, ACT NOW; and Tony CealyÔÇÖs Black MenÔÇÖs Consortium. Deliberately selecting companies and performance events that have received limited critical attention, my methodology constellates case-studies through original interviews, durational observation of creative working methods and proximate descriptions of practice. The thesis is interested in the experience of coming to ÔÇśconsciousnessÔÇÖ through human rights theatre, an awakening to the impacts of rights infringements and rights claiming. I explore consciousness as a processual, procedural, and durational happening in these performance events. I explore the ÔÇś├ŽffectÔÇÖ of activist art and examine the ways in which makers of human rights theatre aim to amplify both affective and effective qualities in their work. My thesis also considers the articulation of activist purpose and the campaigning intent of the selected theatre-makers and explores how their activism is animated in their productions. Through the rich seam of discussion generated by the identification and exploration of the traits of a distinctive human rights theatre, I affirm the generative value of this typological enquiry
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