74 research outputs found

    Lorenzo Licini (1725-1802) surveyor of Dalmatia and Count of Poljica as Rubcich

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    Very little is known about the Great County of Poljica, the autonomous Croatian community in twelve counties on the Adriatic Sea situated mostly in modern Southern Croatia in eastern Dalmatia which had been long and voluntarily under the rule of the Republic of Venice at the border with Ottoman Bosnia. Now Venetian years could be reconstructed in the light of original documents in the State Archives of Zadar and Venice. The author inquires into the proper manner of signing one\u27s name to documents and maps as a pathway into higher research degrees. Focusing on representations of maritime Dalmatia by the hand of one of the twelve Poljica\u27s counts ÔÇô Lorenzo as \u27Licini\u27 of Venetian nationality in the State of Dalmatia and as \u27Licini Rubcich\u27 by Croatian affiliation to Rup─Źi─çi village for the Poljicans living in Poljica, Kotor and Zadar ÔÇô the analysis demonstrates that maps made for the Grimani Cadastre collection in Zadar can be virtually investigated to reveal the broader organizational devices and patterns through which Venice actually structured and controlled this pivotal land in such a way as to support the economy of a rapidly modernizing State

    Numeri─Źka analiza vegetacije ┼íumskih rubova preddinarskog podru─Źja u jugoisto─Źnoj Sloveniji

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    The paper deals with numerical analyses of the forest edges in SW Slovenia. A large number of relev├ęs made according to the Braun-Blanquet method was collected from different sources and was subject to different analyses (Programme packages SYN-TAX and CANOCO were used). The results show their relations and positions in the cultural landscape.Predstavljena je vegetacija ┼íumskih rubova u preddinarskom fitogeografskom podru─Źju Slovenije. Fitocenolo┼íke snimke te vegetacije, skupljene iz razli─Źitih izvora, podvrgnute su numeri─Źkoj analizi. Rezultati analize ukazuju na me─Ĺusobne odnose pojedinih zajednica i njihov polo┼żaj u kulturnom krajoliku. Najprije su ukratko prikazane naj─Źe┼í─çe ┼íumske zajednice preddinarskog podru─Źja Slovenije, na ─Źijim rubovima raste istra┼żivana vegetacija. To su: Vaccinio myrtilli-Carpinetum (M. Wraber 1969) Marin─Źek 1995, Piceo abietis- Quercetum (M. Wraber 1969) Marin─Źek 1995, Abieti albae-Carpinetum (Marin─Źek 1976) Marin─Źek 1995, Blechno-Fagetum Ht. ex Marin─Źek 1970, Casta- neo-Fagetum sjlvaticae Marin─Źek et Zupan─Źi─Ź (1979) 1995, Arunco-Fagetum Kosir 1962, Ostryo-Fagetum Wraber ex Trinajsti─ç 1972, Hacquetio-Fagetum Ko┼íir 1962, Lamio orvalae-Fagetum (Ht. 1938) Borhidi 1963, Ramunculo platanifolii-Fagetum Marin─Źek et al.1993, Genisto januensis-Pinetum sylvestris Toma┼żi─Ź 1942, Lathyro nigrae-Quercetum petraeae Ht. (1938) 1958. Melam- pyro vulgati-Quercetum petraeae Puncer et Zupan─Źi─Ź ex Zupan─Źi─Ź 1994, Hacquetio-Fraxinetum Marin─Źek in Walln├Âfer et al. 1993, Carici elongatae-Alnetum glutinosae Koch 1926, Salicetum triandrae (Male. 1929) Noif. 1955 i Salicetum albae Issl. 1926. Ordinacija nitrofilnih zajednica ┼íumskih rubova (sl. 3) pokazuje gradijent od zajednice najvla┼żnijeg stani┼íta Chaerophyllo-Petasitetum, preko zajednica Phalarido-Petasitetum, Urtico-Lamietum orvalae, Anthriscetum sylvestris, Urtico-Aegopodietum, Chaerophylletum aurei, Chaerophylletum bulbosi do zajednica Heracleo-Sambucetum i Torilidetum japonicae na razmjerno najsu┼íim stani┼ítima. Osim toga prikazan je na ordinati gradijent od najheliofilnije zajednice Fleracleo-Sambucetum do najskiofilnije zajednice Torilidetum japonicae. Dijagram ordinacije zajednica prirodnih ┼íumskih rubova (si. 6) pokazuje na apscisi podjelu na termofilne zajednice sveze Geranion sanguinei (Geranio- Peucedanetum i Knautio-Dictamnetum) i mezofilne zajednice sveza Trifolion medii i Teucrion scorodoniae (Knautio-Melampyretum, Trifolio-Agrimonietum, Agrimonio-Vicietum i Cruciato-Melampyretum). Na ordinati je vidljiv gradijent od zajednice koja raste na najbogatijem tlu (Knautio-Melampyretum nemorosi) do zajednice Cruciato-Melampyretum, koja raste na siroma┼ínom i kiselom tlu. Ordinacija zastornih zajednica (si. 7) pokazuje tri ili ─Źetiri tipa sindinam- skih kontakata: a) Brachypodio-Ostryetum, b) Ostryo-Cornetum, Ligustro-Pru- netum, Omphalodeo-Coryletum, c) Cornus sanguinea - zajednica, Carpino- Prunetum ili Rubo-Coryletum, d) Cornus sanguinea - zajednica, Rubo-Coryle- tum sambucetosum nigrae

    Novi podaci o rijetkoj endemi─Źnoj vrsti Grafia golaka (Hacq.) Rchb. (Apiaceae) u Hrvatskoj

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    The last record of Grafia golaka, a very rare relict umbellifer of disjunct Apennine-Dinaric distribution was latest reported from Croatia back in 1904. During our survey, this endemic was found on seven new localities in Gorski Kotar, in altitudinal range between 1273 and 1421 m a.s.l. It was recorded in altimontan-subalpine altitudinal belt within beech forest, in forest clearings and along forest fringes, in dwarf willow shrub as well as within the sinkhole vegetation.Vrlo rijetka reliktna vrsta ┼ítitarke Grafia golaka, koja ima disjunktnu apeninsko-dinarsku rasprostranjenost, posljednji je put u Hrvatskoj zabilje┼żena 1904. godine. Tijekom na┼íeg istra┼żivanja ovu endemi─Źnu vrstu prona┼íli smo na sedam novih lokaliteta u Gorskom kotaru, u visinskom rasponu izme─Ĺu 1273 i 1421 m n.m. Vrsta je zabilje┼żena u pretplaninskom visinskom pojasu, unutar bukove ┼íume, na ┼íumskim ─Źistinama, uzdu┼ż rubova ┼íuma, u niskim vrbicima te u vegetaciji ponikvi

    Samoborsko gorje - refugijalno podru─Źje razli─Źitih flornih elemenata izme─Ĺu Alpa i Dinarida

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    Because of its characteristic position between the South-east Alps and the North-west part of the Dinaric Mountains, Samoborsko gorje presents phytogeographically a bridge between the Alps and the Dinarids. For this reason we can find here Illyric-Dinaric, West-European, Balkan -Apennine and Pannonian species. A certain number of species are endemic to Samoborsko gorje, and a very significant number of species has their solitary localities in Samoborsko gorje isolated from the main part of the area. A separate, very well represented group of relicts consists of species designated as Illyricoid elements. All these elements in Samoborsko gorje grow close to one another, and they give this territory a specific phytogeographical feature - that of an important refuge, owing in the first place to the dolomite as the lithological ground.Zbog svoga zna─Źajnog geografskog polo┼żaja Samoborsko gorje predstavlja, u fitogeografskom smislu, most izme─Ĺu Alpa i Dinarida, te dio zapadne granice Panonske nizine u naj┼íirem smislu, kao i grani─Źno podru─Źje izme─Ĺu zapadne i jugoisto─Źne Europe. Zato je tu, na razmjerno malenom prostoru skupljeno mno┼ítvo biljnih vrsta vrlo razli─Źite geneze i razli─Źite recentne rasprostranjenosti. To Samoborskom gorju daje obilje┼żje dobro izra┼żenoga refugija, ┼íto se najve─çim dijelom mo┼że zahvaliti upravo dolomitnoj litolo┼íkoj podlozi, a manjim dijelom mjestimi─Źnoj zastupljenosti razli─Źitih silikatnih stijena. U radu su istaknute sljede─çe zna─Źajne fitogeografske skupine: Ilirikoidni elementi, Planinske vrste u nizinskom refugiju, Borealne vrste u nizinskom refugiju, Ilirske vrste na sjeverozapadnoj granici, Alpske vrste na jugoisto─Źnoj granici, Zapadnopanonske endemi─Źne vrste, Samoborski stenoendemi, Izolirana samoborska nalazi┼íta vrsta razli─Źite rasprostranjenosti, Sarmatski elementi

    Spatial identities of Pag Island and the southern parts of the Velebit littoral

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    Prostorni identitet koncept je koji ponajprije podrazumijeva posljedice percepcije prostora, svijesti o prostoru i poistovje─çivanja s prostorom, odnosno do┼żivljaj kolektivne pripadnosti odre─Ĺenom podru─Źju ili mjestu. Naj─Źe┼í─çe je rezultat niza historijsko-geografskih, ekonomskih, prirodnih i drugih ─Źimbenika, specifi─Źnosti i trendova. Svi ovi ─Źimbenici uzrokuju kod stanovni┼ítva specifi─Źno kolektivno iskustvo (do┼żivljaj) prostora. S obzirom na raznolikost prirodno-geografskih obilje┼żja i turbulentnost historijsko-geografskih zbivanja, mo┼że se pretpostaviti da je na teritoriju Republike Hrvatske stvorena osnova za razvoj heterogene slike prostornih identiteta koja se, me─Ĺu ostalim, o─Źituje u me─Ĺuodnosu njihovih pojedinih razina. U radu se prou─Źava i analizira prostorna identifikacija stanovni┼ítva otoka Paga i ju┼żnoga dijela podvelebitskog primorja. Budu─çi da se prema upravno-teritorijalnom ustroju radi o podru─Źju razgrani─Źenom ┼żupanijskim granicama koje je i kroz povijest nerijetko bilo grani─Źno podru─Źje, u spomenutom prostoru poku┼íava se utvrditi izra┼żenost pojedinih razina identiteta (lokalni, regionalni, nacionalni, itd.).The concept of spatial identity is a direct result of spatial perception, spatial conscience and identification with space, or rather an individual experience of a collective affiliation to a certain area or place. It is usually a consequence of a variety of historical-geographical, economic, natural and other factors, features and trends. All these factors create a unique collective experience of space in population that inhabits it. Considering the diversity of natural-geographic features and the turbulence of historical-geographic events, it can be assumed that within the territory of the Republic of Croatia there is a basis of development of a heterogenous network of spatial identities which manifests as an interrelation of their individual levels. The paper studies and analyzes spatial identification of Pag Island population and the one of the Southern parts of the Velebit Littoral. Due to the fact that the researched area is administratively divided by county borders and, through history, was often a bordering area, the goal is to determin the degree of individual levels of itentity (local, regional, national, etc.)

    Distribution, Ecology and Sociology of the Illyrian Elements in the Province of Belluno and Trent (and belonging Alps), North Italy

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    Die Bezeichnung "Illyrisches Element" wurde von mehreren Autoren in verschiedenem Sinne benutzt. Eine eindeutige Formulierung dieses Begriffs scheint noch nicht im allgemeinen akzeptiert zu sein. Daher besitzen wir dar├╝ber genaue und rezente Informationen, besonders was Slowenien und Friaul-Julisches Venetien betrifft. Die floristische Kartierung dieses Gebietes ist noch im Gange; trotzdem sind wir schon in der Lage, zum ├Âkologischen und soziologischen Verhalten dieses Geoelementes beizutragen. In dieser Hinsicht wurden in einigen F├Ąllen betr├Ąchtliche Abweichungen beobachtet. Die betrachteten Arten wurden aus einer Beilage eines Rundbriefes der Universit├Ąt Ljubljana (1989) entnommen.Sveu─Źili┼íte u Ljubljani izdalo je 1989. godine popis "ilirskih" vrsta koje su rasprostranjene u isto─Źnoalpsko-dinarskome prostom. U ovome je radu prikazana rasprostranjenost i ekologija ilirskih vrsta u pokrajinama Belluno i Trento (na malome i rubnome dijelu isto─Źnoalpsko-dinarskoga prostora). Nakon kratkoga obja┼ínjenja fitogeografske problematike prijelaznoga podru─Źja izme─Ĺu ilirskoga, srednjoeuropskoga i sredozemnoga prostora, navedene su pojedine vrste, a za svaku od njih iznijeta je rasprostranjenost i ekologija. Na kraju su sve vrste raspore─Ĺene u skupine prema sli─Źnoj rasprostranjenosti.In 1989 the University of Ljubljana produced a list of "illyric" species proposing surveys concerning their distribution and ecology in the eastalpine- dinaric region. In the present paper distribution and ecology of these species for the provinces of Belluno and Trento (a small and marginal part of the eastalpine-dinaric region) are presented. After a short explanation of the phytogeographic problems in the transition area between illyric, Central-Euro- pean and Mediterranean areas, the species are reported. For each species distribution and ecological aspects are given. In the last part a classification of the species in groups with similar distribution in the survey area is proposed

    Structural Features of Cultural Landscape in the Karst Area (Landscape in Transition)

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    Na obmo─Źju krasa se je v dolgi zgodovinski kontinuiteti razvil svojevrsten krajinski tip, kar je pripisati raznovrstnim podnebnim, geomorfolo┼íkim, topografskim kot tudi dru┼żbeno-gospodarskim razmeram. To zvrst ozna─Źuje velika tipolo┼íka raznolikost, ki sloni na avtenti─Źnih zna─Źilnostih naravnega in kulturnega izvora, nastala pa je kot nasledek uravnote┼żene gospodarske rabe tal od zgodnjih obdobij dalje. Glavna kvaliteta kra┼íkih krajin izvira iz edinstvenih vzorcev rabe prostora, ki pomenijo eno najvrednej┼íih prostorskih dedi┼í─Źin v celotnem Sredozemlju. Toda novej┼íi razvoj, predvsem v dru┼żbenogospodarski sferi, je izzval daljnose┼żne posledice na pode┼żelju, kar mo─Źno prizadeva celovitost in tradicionalno skladnost krasa nasploh in njegovih pokrajin posebej. Temeljni namen prispevka je orisati to preobrazbo kot resno gro┼żnjo in veliko izgubo nacionalne kulturne dedi┼í─Źine ter pod─Źrtati odgovornost na┼íe generacije v teh procesih.During a long historical continuity in the karst area a specific landscape type has evolved due to varied climatic, geomorphological, topographic as well as socio-economic conditions. This is characterized by great typological diversity based on authentic features both of natural and cultural origin. These have occurred as a consequence of balanced economic land-uses from early periods on. The main quality of these landscapes is derived from unique agricultural land-use patterns, which constitute one of the most valuable spatial heritages in the entire Mediterranean. However, the recent evolution, mainly in the socio-economic sphere, generated far-reaching impacts in the rural areas which largely affect the integrity and traditional harmony the karst countryside in general and the landscape in particular. The basic intention of the paper is to outline these transformations as a serious threat and immense loss of the national cultural heritage and to emphasize the great responsibility of this generation in these processes
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