356,236 research outputs found

    Alcohol Use In Mexican-Americans By Nativity: The Role Of Ethnic Identity, Acculturation, And Acculturative Stress

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    The present study examined alcohol use disorder symptoms among Mexican-Americans. Participants consisted of a community-based sample of 237 Mexican-American adults living in the Midwest United States. The role of nativity status and cultural variables in alcohol use disorder symptoms was explored. Specifically, ethnic identity, acculturation, and acculturative stress were used to predict membership into high and low alcohol use disorder symptom groups among U.S.-and foreign-born Mexican-Americans. Additionally, gender, ethnic identity, and acculturative stress were tested as moderators in the relationship between acculturation and alcohol use disorder symptoms. Among U.S.-born participants, only ethnic identity was found to be predictive of alcohol use disorder symptoms, such that higher ethnic identity was related to fewer alcohol use disorder symptoms. Among foreign-born participants, ethnic identity was also predictive of few alcohol use disorder symptoms. Additionally, increased pressure against acculturation was predictive of higher alcohol use disorder symptoms for foreign-born participants. Among the sample as a whole, those with low Latino Orientation and high pressure against acculturation reported more alcohol use disorder symptoms. These results highlight the protective effect of ethnic identity and the need for further research that examines nativity status, acculturation, and specific acculturative stressors in regard to alcohol use disorder symptoms among Mexican-Americans

    Dissociative Identity Disorder Of Main Character In Sybil Novel By Flora R. S Based On Psychological Perspective

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    Sybil novel tells about woman that has sixteen personalities. This novel is very interesting because there is a psychology aspect in this novel. The writer intends to find out the characterization of the sixteen personalities and psychological problems in that novel, in this case, dissociative identity disorder. The writer wants to know about the symptom, the causes, and the treatment of dissociative identity disorder that found in Sybil novel. In finding the analysis of this paper the writer uses descriptive method and library research. The writer found that the author of the novel, Flora, uses both direct and indirect characterization to reveal the characterization of each character in the novel. The characterization can be seen from the character's word, character's thought, and the author's narration. Sybil as the main character suffers from dissociative identity disorder because she got physical and sexual abuse from his mother and she has no one to share and solve her problems. It forces her to get another solution by making other personalities to share her problems. Suffering dissociative identity disorder makes her losing her time. She does not know what she has done and what she told about until she meet with Dr. Wilbur, the psychiatrist who give her psychotherapy to bend all her personalities

    Dissociative Identity Disorder: An In-Depth Look

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    Dissociative Identity Disorder is a mental health disorder where there are two or more distinct people within one individual. These distinct people or personalities are also called alters. An alter is a fully distinct person, that carries on a whole different personality than the original person. That means that if a person has two distinct people within them one could be very smart and introverted, but the other one may not have as high of IQ and might be extraverted. The personalities of each alter are different and very distinct from one another. The alternative personality or personalities would also have a different name than the original person. This paper will explore how DID forms within an individual, how it is diagnosed, treatment options to help those who have DID, and some myths that people in the general public may have about this disorder

    AN ANALYSIS ON MALCOLM RIVER’S DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER IN IDENTITY MOVIE DIRECTED BY JAMES MANGOLD

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    This project aims to analyze the character Malcolm River in Identity movie. The result of analyzing the figures Malcolm Riversis that he suffered multiple personality syndrome or now known as Dissociative Identity Disorder. Malcolm was abused, neglected, and finally abandoned by his mother was a prostitute whenhe was a child.He felt extremely insecure so he made a new personality or a new identity to protect his original identity. However, this new identity was in fact a killer. As time goes on he made new identities to fight against the identity of the killer and also protect him from any threat

    Symptoms Associated with Dissociative Identity Disorder

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    Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), formerly referred to as Multiple Personality Disorder, is a multifaceted psychiatric disorder distinguished by the coexistence of two or more discrete identities or personality states inside an individual (Júnior & Moreira-Almeida, 2009). These identities have the capacity to alternate in assuming dominance over an individual's actions, often leading to episodes of forgetfulness experienced by the person. Research has shown that dissociative identity disorder often manifests as a maladaptive reaction to severe and persistent childhood trauma, namely cases involving sexual and physical abuse in conjunction with emotional neglect throughout the formative stages of development. The symptoms linked to dissociative identity disorder exhibit considerable variability and may manifest distinctively among people. Several prevalent symptoms associated with dissociative identity disorder encompass: Alter Identities: Individuals with Dissociative Identity Disorder may experience the presence of multiple distinct identities or personality states. These identities can have their own names, characteristics, and mannerisms. Amnesia: Individuals with Dissociative Identity Disorder often experience periods of amnesia, where they have no recollection of events or actions that occurred during the time when another identity was in control. Depersonalization and Derealization: Individuals with Dissociative Identity Disorder may also experience episodes of depersonalization, where they feel detached from their own body or sense of self, and derealization, where they feel as though the world around them is unreal or unfamiliar. Intrusive Thoughts or Voices: Some individuals with dissociative identity disorder may experience intrusive thoughts or hear voices that are not their own

    Comparing Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) Portrayed in Sidney Sheldon’s Tell Me Your Dreams and Alice Jamieson’s Today I Am Alice Nine Personalities, One Tortured Mind

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    This article attempts to compare two literary works from two different nations with similar motifs, which is Dissociative Identity Disorder. Through a comparison, this study attempts to find out the portrayal of Dissociative Identity Disorder to the main characters and the similarities or differences regarding the issue of Dissociative Identity Disorder that the main characters are suffering from Mental Disorders (DSM-V). The results of the analysis show similarities and differences regarding Dissociative Identity Disorder that is experienced by the two main characters of both literary works, Ashley has 3 of the 6 symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder while Alice experiences all si

    Why are identity disorders interesting for philosophers?

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    "Identity disorders" constitute a large class of psychiatric disturbances that, due to deviant forms ofself-modeling, result in dramatic changes in the patients' phenomenal experience of their own personal identity. The phenomenal experience of selfhood and transtemporal identity can vary along an extremely large number of dimensions: There are simple losses of content (for example, complete losses of proprioception, resulting in a "bodiless" state of self-consciousness, see Cole 1995, Gallagher and Cole 1995, Sacks 1998). There are also various typologies of phenomenal disintegration as in schizophrenia, in depersonalization disorders and in Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), sometimes accompanied by multiplications of the phenomenal self within one and the same physical system. It is important to not only analyze these state-classes in terms of functional deficits or phenomenology alone, but as self-representational content as well. For instance, in the second type of cases just mentioned, we confront major redistributions of the phenomenal property of "mineness" in representational space, of what is sometimes also called the "sense of ownership". Finally, there are at least four different delusions of misidentification (DM1; namely Capgras syndrome, Frégoli syndrome, intermetamorphosis, reverse intermetamorphosis and reduplicative paramnesia). Being a philosopher, I will discuss two particular types of identity disorder in this contribution - disorders, which are of direct philosophical relevance: A specific form of DM, and the Cotard delusion. Why should philosophers do this? And why should psychiatrists care

    Who done it, actually? Dissociative identity disorder for the criminologist

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    Through the analysis of clinical examples, the paper explores how decisions are made by a person with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), the notions of choice and ‘competent reasoning’, and the practical and ethical ways for interviewing a person with DID. Abstract Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is examined in this paper from the perspective of its relevance to the criminologist. As this psychiatric condition is linked to severe and prolonged childhood abuse, accounts of DID patients inevitably involve reports of serious crimes, in which the person was the victim, perpetrator or witness. These reports can thus contain crucial information for criminal investigations by the police or for court proceedings. However, due to the person’s dissociation, such reports are often very confusing, hard to follow, hard to believe and difficult to obtain. They also frequently state that the person had ‘no choice’, a thorny notion for the criminologist (as well as for the clinician). Through the analysis of clinical examples, the paper explores how decisions are made by a person with DID, the notions of choice and ‘competent reasoning’, and the practical and ethical ways for interviewing a person with DID

    Bayesian sequential change diagnosis

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    Sequential change diagnosis is the joint problem of detection and identification of a sudden and unobservable change in the distribution of a random sequence. In this problem, the common probability law of a sequence of i.i.d. random variables suddenly changes at some disorder time to one of finitely many alternatives. This disorder time marks the start of a new regime, whose fingerprint is the new law of observations. Both the disorder time and the identity of the new regime are unknown and unobservable. The objective is to detect the regime-change as soon as possible, and, at the same time, to determine its identity as accurately as possible. Prompt and correct diagnosis is crucial for quick execution of the most appropriate measures in response to the new regime, as in fault detection and isolation in industrial processes, and target detection and identification in national defense. The problem is formulated in a Bayesian framework. An optimal sequential decision strategy is found, and an accurate numerical scheme is described for its implementation. Geometrical properties of the optimal strategy are illustrated via numerical examples. The traditional problems of Bayesian change-detection and Bayesian sequential multi-hypothesis testing are solved as special cases. In addition, a solution is obtained for the problem of detection and identification of component failure(s) in a system with suspended animation

    Body Integrity Identity Disorder

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    Introduction: Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID) is a rare, infrequently studied and highly secretive condition in which there is a mismatch between the mental body image and the physical body. Subjects suffering from BIID have an intense desire to amputate a major limb or severe the spinal cord in order to become paralyzed. Aim of the study is to broaden the knowledge of BIID amongst medical professionals, by describing all who deal with BIID. Methods: Somatic, psychiatric and BIID characteristic data were collected from 54 BIID individuals using a detaile
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