2,135,757 research outputs found

    Analisa Human Error dengan Metode Sherpa dan Heart pada Kecelakaan Kerja di PT “Xyz”

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    PT “XYZ” berusaha untuk menjaga keamanan, keselamatan dan Kenyamanan operator ditempat kerja yang memiliki potensi bahaya. Namun pada stasiun ekstrusion sering terjadi kecelakaan kerja yang disebabkan oleh human error seperti bekerja dalam keadaan terburu-buru, sikap kerja yang salah dan tidak menggunakan APD. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa human error yang mengakibatkan terjadinya kecelakaan kerja pada operator di stasiun ekstrusion. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu metode SHERPA yang digunakan untuk memprediksi human error yang mungkin terjadi dan metode HEART yang digunakan untuk mengetahui probabilitas kegagalan operator dalam melaksanakan pekerjaannya. Dari penelitian ini, diketahui prediksi human error yang dapat terjadi pada bagian wet area yaitu kelalaian operator dalam menggunakan APD dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,0532. Prediksi error yang dapat terjadi pada bagian talcum area yaitu kelalaian operator dalam menggunakan APD dan task 1.1 yaitu membersihkan talcum powder yang tumpah dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,038. Sedangkan prediksi error bagian packing area yaitu kelalaian operator dalam menggunakan APD dengan probabilitas sebesar 0,0232. Solusi perbaikan yang dapat dilakukan untuk kelalaian operator dalam menggunakan APD yaitu dengan memberikan training secara berkala kepada semua operator dan dilakukan pemeriksaan sebelum operator mulai bekerja. Sedangkan solusi perbaikan untuk task 1.1 yaitu supervisor melakukan pemeriksaan secara rutin dan mengingatkan operator untuk tetap menjaga kebersihan

    A theory of human error

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    Human errors tend to be treated in terms of clinical and anecdotal descriptions, from which remedial measures are difficult to derive. Correction of the sources of human error requires an attempt to reconstruct underlying and contributing causes of error from the circumstantial causes cited in official investigative reports. A comprehensive analytical theory of the cause-effect relationships governing propagation of human error is indispensable to a reconstruction of the underlying and contributing causes. A validated analytical theory of the input-output behavior of human operators involving manual control, communication, supervisory, and monitoring tasks which are relevant to aviation, maritime, automotive, and process control operations is highlighted. This theory of behavior, both appropriate and inappropriate, provides an insightful basis for investigating, classifying, and quantifying the needed cause-effect relationships governing propagation of human error

    Human Error and Organizational Management

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    The concern for performance is a topic that raises interest in the business environment but also in other areas that – even if they seem distant from this world – are aware of, interested in or conditioned by the economy development. As individual performance is very much influenced by the human resource, we chose to analyze in this paper the mechanisms that generate – consciously or not –human error nowadays.Moreover, the extremely tense Romanian context, where failure is rather a rule than an exception, made us investigate the phenomenon of generating a human error and the ways to diminish its effects.human error, performance, management, information processing, organizational culture

    Assessing Human Error Against a Benchmark of Perfection

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    An increasing number of domains are providing us with detailed trace data on human decisions in settings where we can evaluate the quality of these decisions via an algorithm. Motivated by this development, an emerging line of work has begun to consider whether we can characterize and predict the kinds of decisions where people are likely to make errors. To investigate what a general framework for human error prediction might look like, we focus on a model system with a rich history in the behavioral sciences: the decisions made by chess players as they select moves in a game. We carry out our analysis at a large scale, employing datasets with several million recorded games, and using chess tablebases to acquire a form of ground truth for a subset of chess positions that have been completely solved by computers but remain challenging even for the best players in the world. We organize our analysis around three categories of features that we argue are present in most settings where the analysis of human error is applicable: the skill of the decision-maker, the time available to make the decision, and the inherent difficulty of the decision. We identify rich structure in all three of these categories of features, and find strong evidence that in our domain, features describing the inherent difficulty of an instance are significantly more powerful than features based on skill or time.Comment: KDD 2016; 10 page

    Published incidents and their proportions of human error

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    The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.Purpose - The information security field experiences a continuous stream of information security incidents and breaches, which are publicised by the media, public bodies and regulators. Despite the need for information security practices being recognised and in existence for some time the underlying general information security affecting tasks and causes of these incidents and breaches are not consistently understood, particularly with regard to human error. Methodology - This paper analyses recent published incidents and breaches to establish the proportions of human error, and where possible subsequently utilises the HEART human reliability analysis technique, which is established within the safety field. Findings - This analysis provides an understanding of the proportions of incidents and breaches that relate to human error as well as the common types of tasks that result in these incidents and breaches through adoption of methods applied within the safety field. Originality - This research provides original contribution to knowledge through the analysis of recent public sector information security incidents and breaches in order to understand the proportions that relate to human erro

    Human Error

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    HUMAN ERROR is a science-fiction novel set in a future in which, to save the planet from environmental degradation, humans have been eradicated and replaced by “Syntho-sapiens.” These synthetic humans are engineered in labs to be not only physically superior to their evolutionary predecessors, but also equal in every way to each other. However, from the moment Cal-12 opens his eyes, he is different. He not only has heterochromia, a mutation of the eye color, but also a strong need for connection that his emotionless peers seem to lack. This need intensifies when he discovers a human woman named Thalia, whose people live in hiding, awaiting their opportunity to reclaim the world that was taken from them. Through Cal and Thalia’s attempts to uncover both the dark secrets of his people and the lost history of hers, the novel explores the themes of power and personhood
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