145,714 research outputs found

    Collective spin resonance excitation in the gapped itinerant multipole hidden order phase of URu2Si2

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    An attractive proposal for the hidden order (HO) in the heavy electron compound URu2Si2 is an itinerant multipole order of high rank. It is due to the pairing of electrons and holes centered on zone center and boundary, respectively in states that have maximally different total angular momentum components. Due to the pairing with commensurate zone boundary ordering vector the translational symmetry is broken and a HO quasiparticle gap opens below the transition temperature T_HO. Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) has demonstrated that for T<T_HO the collective magnetic response is dominated by a sharp spin exciton resonance at the ordering vector Q that is reminiscent of spin exciton modes found inside the gap of unconventional superconductors and Kondo insulators. We use an effective two-orbital tight binding model incorporating the crystalline electric field effect to derive closed expressions for quasiparticle bands reconstructed by the multipolar pairing terms. We show that the magnetic response calculated within that model exhibits the salient features of the resonance found in INS. We also use the calculated dynamical susceptibility to explain the low temperature NMR relaxation rate.Comment: 13 pages, 8 figure

    Temperature and finite-size effects in collective modes of superfluid Fermi gases

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    We study the effects of superfluidity on the monopole and quadrupole collective excitations of a dilute ultra-cold Fermi gas with an attractive interatomic interaction. The system is treated fully microscopically within the Bogoliubov-de Gennes and quasiparticle random-phase approximation methods. The dependence on the temperature and on the trap frequency is analyzed and systematic comparisons with the corresponding hydrodynamic predictions are presented in order to study the limits of validity of the semiclassical approach.Comment: 9 pages, 4 figure

    Three-dimensional gap solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates supported by one-dimensional optical lattices

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    We study fundamental and compound gap solitons (GSs) of matter waves in one-dimensional (1D) optical lattices (OLs) in a three-dimensional (3D) weak-radial-confinement regime, which corresponds to realistic experimental conditions in Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs). In this regime GSs exhibit nontrivial radial structures. Associated with each 3D linear spectral band exists a family of fundamental gap solitons that share a similar transverse structure with the Bloch waves of the corresponding linear band. GSs with embedded vorticity mm may exist \emph{inside} bands corresponding to other values of mm. Stable GSs, both fundamental and compound ones (including vortex solitons), are those which originate from the bands with lowest axial and radial quantum numbers. These findings suggest a scenario for the experimental generation of robust GSs in 3D settings.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures; v2: matches published versio

    Peierls instability, periodic Bose-Einstein condensates and density waves in quasi-one-dimensional boson-fermion mixtures of atomic gases

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    We study the quasi-one-dimensional (Q1D) spin-polarized bose-fermi mixture of atomic gases at zero temperature. Bosonic excitation spectra are calculated in random phase approximation on the ground state with the uniform BEC, and the Peierls instabilities are shown to appear in bosonic collective excitation modes with wave-number 2kF2k_F by the coupling between the Bogoliubov-phonon mode of bosonic atoms and the fermion particle-hole excitations. The ground-state properties are calculated in the variational method, and, corresponding to the Peierls instability, the state with a periodic BEC and fermionic density waves with the period ŌÄ/kF\pi/k_F are shown to have a lower energy than the uniform one. We also briefly discuss the Q1D system confined in a harmonic oscillator (HO) potential and derive the Peierls instability condition for it.Comment: 9 pages, 3figure

    Colloquium: Hidden Order, Superconductivity, and Magnetism -- The Unsolved Case of URu2Si2

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    This Colloquium reviews the 25 year quest for understanding the continuous (second-order) mean-field-like phase transition occurring at 17.5 K in URu2Si2. About ten years ago, the term hidden order (HO) was coined and has since been utilized to describe the unknown ordered state, whose origin cannot be disclosed by conventional solid-state probes, such as x rays, neutrons, or muons. HO is able to support superconductivity at lower temperatures (Tc ~ 1.5 K), and when magnetism is developed with increasing pressure both the HO and the superconductivity are destroyed. Other ways of probing the HO are via Rh-doping and very large magnetic fields. During the last few years a variety of advanced techniques have been tested to probe the HO state and their attempts will be summarized. A digest of recent theoretical developments is also included. It is the objective of this Colloquium to shed additional light on the HO state and its associated phases in other materials.Comment: 25 pages, 16 figures, published in Reviews of Modern Physic
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